Difference between revisions of "Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|Pennsylvania]]''
|location=United States
 
|CID=CID1937344
 
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952}} <br>
 
  
== Record Description ==
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID1937344
 +
|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 +
|location=Pennsylvania
 +
| LOC_01 = Pennsylvania
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Naturalization Indexes
 +
| record_group_nr =21
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| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of the District Courts of the United States]
 +
| start_year = 1795
 +
| end_year = 1952
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M1249
 +
| micro_pub_title =Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania,1795-1931  
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =60
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
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| NAID = 350
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Pennsylvania Genealogy ]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Pennsylvania Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1913395?collectionNameFilter=false Eastern District Naturalization]
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| FS_URL_05 =  [[Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries]]
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/naturalization.html NARA Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf NARA U.S. Laws Relating to Immigration and Naturalization]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa Naturalization Records in the USA]
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| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/pennsylvania.shtml Pennsylvania Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =  
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| RW_URL_10 =  
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}}
  
The collection consists of Soundex card indexes to naturalization petitions and declarations of intention from the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The information typically includes the name of the individual, petition number, declaration number, birth date, date of petition or declaration, and occasionally other pieces of information: name variations, marriage information, etc. This collection corresponds to NARA M1248: Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1795-1951.
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
For a list of records by date and name currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1937344/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.  
+
Three soundex card indexes to naturalization petitions and declarations of intention from the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The information typically includes the name of the individual, petition number, declaration number, birth date, date of petition or declaration, and occasionally other pieces of information: name variations, marriage information, etc. This collection corresponds to NARA M1248: Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1795-1952 and is part of Record Group 21 Records of the District Courts of the United States.
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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* 1795-1906, Rolls 1-8
 +
* 1906-1926, Rolls 9-36
 +
* 1926-1952, Rolls 37-60
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1937344
 +
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 +
}}
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1248. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
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== Collection Content  ==
 
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=== Sample Image ===
[[Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
  
 
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
Line 26: Line 73:
 
The soundex index is a phonetic index that groups together names that sound alike but are spelled differently, for example, Stewart and Stuart. The index cards are filed according to the soundex number associated with each family name and then by given names. For more information on soundex indexes and help with coding names and using the index, see the [[Soundex|Soundexwiki]] article.  
 
The soundex index is a phonetic index that groups together names that sound alike but are spelled differently, for example, Stewart and Stuart. The index cards are filed according to the soundex number associated with each family name and then by given names. For more information on soundex indexes and help with coding names and using the index, see the [[Soundex|Soundexwiki]] article.  
  
The soundex index cards usually include the following:  
+
“’Naturalization’” is a voluntary process through which immigrants can become American citizens. By becoming naturalized citizens, immigrants are granted the same rights, privileges and protections as natural born citizens.
 +
Before 1790, British immigrants were considered citizens of the British colonies in America, and later American citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other European countries requested citizenship from civil authorities.  After swearing allegiance, immigrants were generally granted citizenship.
 +
The process by which other immigrants could become citizens of the British Empire or the American colonies, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual colonies then states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years.
 +
Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States.
 +
Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible spellings for the surname of the person for whom you are looking. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in the immigrant’s probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.
 +
 
 +
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
 
 +
Soundex index cards usually include the following:  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 39: Line 94:
 
*Volume, page number
 
*Volume, page number
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
  
 +
== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
 
To begin your search it is helpful to know:  
 
To begin your search it is helpful to know:  
 
 
*The immigrant's full name  
 
*The immigrant's full name  
 
*Other identifying information such as birth place, age or date of arrival
 
*Other identifying information such as birth place, age or date of arrival
Line 48: Line 102:
 
If you do not have this information search the federal census records after 1900. They list the years of immigration and if naturalized.  
 
If you do not have this information search the federal census records after 1900. They list the years of immigration and if naturalized.  
  
==== Search the Collection ====
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'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1937344?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
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'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1937344/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page<br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Date Range"<br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Name Range" which takes you to the images.  
  
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page<br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Date Range"<br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Name Range" which takes you to the images
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Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
+
With either search keep in mind:  
 
 
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
 
  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.  
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
+
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. You can use naturalization records to:  
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
You can use naturalization records to:  
  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
Line 74: Line 127:
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names  
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names  
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
 
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.  
 
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.  
Line 85: Line 135:
 
*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
 
*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ====
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
  
 
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.  
 
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.  
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.  
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.  
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
+
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
==== General Information About These Records ====
+
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|Pennsylvania, Naturalization and Citizenship|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Catalog. You may also find records listed in the catalog under {{FHL|Pennslvania, Military Records|keywords|disp}} helpful. }}
  
Naturalization is a voluntary process by which immigrants can become American citizens and receive the rights granted with citizenship. Before 1790, British immigrants were automatically considered citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other counties swore allegiance and requested citizenship from civil authorities. The process by which foreign immigrants could become citizens of the British empire colony, and later American citizens, varied between states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years.
+
== Citing this Collection  ==
  
Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.  
  
Immigrants could naturalize in any court that performed naturalizations. That included city, county, state and federal courts. Begin by looking for naturalization records in the courts of the county or city where the immigrant lived. Look first for the petition (second papers), because they are usually easier to find in courts near where the immigant eventually settled. After 1906, the declaration can be filed with the petition as the immigrant was required to submit a copy when he submitted the petition.  
+
'''Collection citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1248. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}<br><br>
  
Because immigrants were allowed to naturalize in any court, they often selected the most convenient court. If they lived in the Eastern District but worked elsewhere, they may have gone to a court closer to work. Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible spellings of your ancestor's surname. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in your ancestor's probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in earlier records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.
+
'''Record citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1937344
 +
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 +
}}
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1937344
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa Naturalization Records in the USA]
+
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/pennsylvania.shtml Pennsylvania Naturalization Records]
+
}}
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
  
*[[Pennsylvania Naturalization and Citizenship]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
*[[United States Naturalization and Citizenship|United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]
 
 
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1937344/waypointsPennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952]
 
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
 
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 

Latest revision as of 20:19, 6 March 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Pennsylvania

Access the Records
Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952 .
CID1937344
{{{CID2}}}
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{{{CID5}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Pennsylvania, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Indexes
Record Group RG 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1795-1952
Microfilm Publication M1249. Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania,1795-1931. 60 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 350
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

Three soundex card indexes to naturalization petitions and declarations of intention from the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The information typically includes the name of the individual, petition number, declaration number, birth date, date of petition or declaration, and occasionally other pieces of information: name variations, marriage information, etc. This collection corresponds to NARA M1248: Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1795-1952 and is part of Record Group 21 Records of the District Courts of the United States.

  • 1795-1906, Rolls 1-8
  • 1906-1926, Rolls 9-36
  • 1926-1952, Rolls 37-60
You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952.

Collection Content

Sample Image

The soundex index is a phonetic index that groups together names that sound alike but are spelled differently, for example, Stewart and Stuart. The index cards are filed according to the soundex number associated with each family name and then by given names. For more information on soundex indexes and help with coding names and using the index, see the Soundexwiki article.

“’Naturalization’” is a voluntary process through which immigrants can become American citizens. By becoming naturalized citizens, immigrants are granted the same rights, privileges and protections as natural born citizens. Before 1790, British immigrants were considered citizens of the British colonies in America, and later American citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other European countries requested citizenship from civil authorities. After swearing allegiance, immigrants were generally granted citizenship. The process by which other immigrants could become citizens of the British Empire or the American colonies, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual colonies then states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years. Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States. Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible spellings for the surname of the person for whom you are looking. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in the immigrant’s probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

Soundex index cards usually include the following:

  • Name
  • Birth place
  • Age, Gender, Occupation and Nationality
  • Last permanent residence
  • Final destination
  • Name and address of relative or friend
  • Arrival date and port of entry
  • Name of ship
  • Line number on passenger list
  • Volume, page number


How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The immigrant's full name
  • Other identifying information such as birth place, age or date of arrival

If you do not have this information search the federal census records after 1900. They list the years of immigration and if naturalized.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "Date Range"
⇒Select the appropriate "Name Range" which takes you to the images.

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

You can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  • Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Citing this Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection citation:

"Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1248. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952.


Image citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.