Difference between revisions of "Pennsylvania Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|Pennsylvania]]''
|CID=CID1913395
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 +
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID1913395  
 
|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931
 
|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931
|location=United States}} <br>
+
|location=Pennsylvania
 +
| LOC_01 =Pennsylvania
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Naturalization Petitions
 +
| record_group_nr = 21
 +
| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of the District Courts of the United States]
 +
| start_year = 1795
 +
| end_year = 1931
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M1522
 +
| micro_pub_title =Naturalization Petitions for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania,1795-1930
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =369
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
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| arrangement =
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| NAID = 350
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Pennsylvania Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Pennsylvania History]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Pennsylvania Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=345&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Pennsylvania%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/naturalization.html NARA Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf U.S. Laws Relating to Immigration and Naturalization]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa Naturalization Records in the USA]
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| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/pennsylvania.shtml Pennsylvania Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
The records consist of naturalization petitions for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern district of Pennsylvania for the years 1795 to 1931. The records corresponds to NARA publication M1522.  
+
The records consist of naturalization petitions for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern district of Pennsylvania for the years 1795 to 1931. The records corresponds to NARA publication M1522 part of Record Group 21 Records of District Courts of the United States.
  
 
Naturalization is a voluntary process by which immigrants can become American citizens and receive the rights granted with citizenship. Before 1790, British immigrants were automatically considered citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other counties swore allegiance and requested citizenship from civil authorities. The process by which foreign immigrants could become citizens of the British empire colony, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years.  
 
Naturalization is a voluntary process by which immigrants can become American citizens and receive the rights granted with citizenship. Before 1790, British immigrants were automatically considered citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other counties swore allegiance and requested citizenship from civil authorities. The process by which foreign immigrants could become citizens of the British empire colony, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years.  
  
Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States.  
+
Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States. Immigrants could naturalize in any court that performed naturalizations. That included city, county, state and federal courts. Begin by looking for naturalization records in the courts of the county or city where the immigrant lived. Look first for the petition (second papers), because they are usually easier to find in courts near where the immigant eventually settled. After 1906, the declaration can be filed with the petition as the immigrant was required to submit a copy when he submitted the petition. Because immigrants were allowed to naturalize in any court, they often selected the most convenient court. If they lived in the Eastern District but worked elsewhere, they may have gone to a court closer to work.
  
Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible&nbsp;spellings of your ancestor's surname. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in your ancestor's probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in earlier records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
For a list of records by dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1913395/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1913395
 +
|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931
 +
}}
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
== What Can these Records Tell Me? ==
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1522. Philadelphia: National Archives, n.d.}}
+
'''Before 1906''', the information recorded on '''naturalization records''' differed widely and often didn't mention the immigrant's town of origin or parents' names. These records may contain:  
 
 
[[Pennsylvania Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
<gallery>
 
Image:Pennsylvania Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931 DGS 4845615 08.jpg|Naturalization Record
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
Before 1906, the information recorded on naturalization records differed widely and often didn't mention the immigrant's town of origin or parents' names. These records may contain:  
 
  
 
*Arrival date and port of entry  
 
*Arrival date and port of entry  
Line 38: Line 77:
 
*Country of origin or allegiance
 
*Country of origin or allegiance
  
In 1906, the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization was created and later renamed Immigration and Naturalization Services or INS. Some results included standardized forms throughout the country and copies of naturalization papers sent to the INS in addition to the court keeping a copy.  
+
'''In 1906''', the '''Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization was created''' and '''later renamed Immigration and Naturalization Services''' or INS. Some results included standardized forms throughout the country and copies of naturalization papers sent to the INS in addition to the court keeping a copy.  
  
Naturalization records after 1906 contain more detailed information about the immigrants and their families. Possible information given in post-1906 naturalization records include:  
+
'''Naturalization records after 1906''' contain more detailed information about the immigrants and their families. Possible information given in post-1906 naturalization records include:  
  
 
*Name of declarant  
 
*Name of declarant  
Line 58: Line 97:
 
*Last foreign address
 
*Last foreign address
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== Collection Content ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
To search the collection image by image select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Item description"
+
<gallery>
 +
Image:Pennsylvania Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931 DGS 4845615 08.jpg|Naturalization Record
 +
</gallery>  
  
<br> Immigrants could naturalize in any court that performed naturalizations. That included city, county, state and federal courts. Begin by looking for naturalization records in the courts of the county or city where the immigrant lived. Look first for the petition (second papers), because they are usually easier to find in courts near where the immigant eventually settled. After 1906, the declaration can be filed with the petition as the immigrant was required to submit a copy when he submitted the petition.
+
== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*At least one other piece of information
  
Because immigrants were allowed to naturalize in any court, they often selected the most convenient court. If they lived in the Eastern District but worked elsewhere, they may have gone to a court closer to work.&nbsp;
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
Search by name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1913395Collection Page].  
 +
#Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
 +
#Click '''Search''' to show possible matches
  
You can use naturalization records to:  
+
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1913395/waypoints Browse Page].
 +
# Select '''Item description'''
  
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
*Confirm their date of arrival
+
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
 
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
 
  
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1913395 Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.  
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.  
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members. 
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
  
<br>
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, ship’s manifests, birth, christening, census, and land records.
 +
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Pennsylvania Church Records|Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. 
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.shtml nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well.  
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [[Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=345&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Pennsylvania%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
*[http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/action/ExternalIdSearch?id=573414&jScript=true NARA Catalog Description for This Collection]
+
==Citing this Collection==
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa Naturalization Records in the USA]
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/pennsylvania.shtml Pennsylvania Naturalization Records]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1522. Philadelphia: National Archives, n.d.}}<br><br>
  
*[[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]
+
'''Record citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
*[[Pennsylvania History|Pennsylvania History]]
+
|CID=CID1913395
*[[Pennsylvania Naturalization and Citizenship]]
+
|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Naturalization_and_Citizenship United States Naturalization and Citizenship]
+
}}
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1913395
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931
 +
}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
[[Pennsylvania_Eastern_District_Petitions_for_Naturalization_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)#top|Top of Page]]
  
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1913395/waypointsPennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]

Latest revision as of 17:00, 20 April 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Pennsylvania

Access the Records
Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931 .
CID1913395
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Pennsylvania, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Petitions
Record Group RG 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1795-1931
Microfilm Publication M1522. Naturalization Petitions for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania,1795-1930. 369 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 350
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

The records consist of naturalization petitions for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern district of Pennsylvania for the years 1795 to 1931. The records corresponds to NARA publication M1522 part of Record Group 21 Records of District Courts of the United States.

Naturalization is a voluntary process by which immigrants can become American citizens and receive the rights granted with citizenship. Before 1790, British immigrants were automatically considered citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other counties swore allegiance and requested citizenship from civil authorities. The process by which foreign immigrants could become citizens of the British empire colony, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years.

Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States. Immigrants could naturalize in any court that performed naturalizations. That included city, county, state and federal courts. Begin by looking for naturalization records in the courts of the county or city where the immigrant lived. Look first for the petition (second papers), because they are usually easier to find in courts near where the immigant eventually settled. After 1906, the declaration can be filed with the petition as the immigrant was required to submit a copy when he submitted the petition. Because immigrants were allowed to naturalize in any court, they often selected the most convenient court. If they lived in the Eastern District but worked elsewhere, they may have gone to a court closer to work.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931.


What Can these Records Tell Me?

Before 1906, the information recorded on naturalization records differed widely and often didn't mention the immigrant's town of origin or parents' names. These records may contain:

  • Arrival date and port of entry
  • Name and age of immigrant
  • Age of immigrant
  • Current residence of immigrant
  • Country of origin or allegiance

In 1906, the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization was created and later renamed Immigration and Naturalization Services or INS. Some results included standardized forms throughout the country and copies of naturalization papers sent to the INS in addition to the court keeping a copy.

Naturalization records after 1906 contain more detailed information about the immigrants and their families. Possible information given in post-1906 naturalization records include:

  • Name of declarant
  • Date of Declaration of Intent
  • Age and occupation of declarant
  • Physical description of declarant
  • Declarant's date and place of birth
  • Declarant's marital status
  • Spouse's name
  • Spouse's date and place of birth
  • Names of children
  • Children's dates and places of birth
  • Date of arrival and port of entry
  • Name of ship
  • Departure date and port of departure
  • Current U. S. residence
  • Last foreign address

Collection Content

Sample Image

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • At least one other piece of information

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page.

  1. Select Item description

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.


I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, ship’s manifests, birth, christening, census, and land records.
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Use the information to find additional family members.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1522. Philadelphia: National Archives, n.d.

Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931.


Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Pennsylvania, Eastern District Petitions for Naturalization, 1795-1931.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.