Penycae, Wrexham

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Gotoarrow.png Wales Gotoarrow.png Wrexham Gotoarrow.png Penycae

St. Thomas' Church
Penycae is a village, community and ecclesiastical parish in the County Borough of Wrexham in Wales.


The village of Penycae was part of the ancient parish of Ruabon and the district was known as Dinhinlle Uchaf (but also known as Y Dref Fechan or Cristionydd Fechan at various times).

The new ecclesiastical parish of Penycae was formed 1879, from parts of the existing parishes of Ruabon, Rhosllannerchrugog and Rhosymedre. The parish church of St. Thomas had been consecrated in 1878. However, most of the population of the parish were nonconformists and attended the Baptist chapels of Salem and Sion in Groes; the Calvinistic Methodist chapels in Groes and Tainant; the Wesleyan Methodist chapel of Soar in Stryt Isa; or the Primitive Methodist chapel in Copperas.

Coal was extracted from pits at Plas Bennion, Wynn Hall, Afon Eitha, Cristionydd, Groes and Plas Isaf and zinc was worked at Copperas.


Years County
pre 1536 Powys Fadog
1536 - 31 March 1974 Denbighshire
1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996 Clwyd
from 1 April 1996 Wrexham

Census Records

Penycae, in Dinhinlle Uchaf, formed part of the Wrexham Registrar's District.

Year Parts
1841 missing
1851 HO107/2502 folios 2311-264 & 331-333
1861 RG9/4282 folios 31-63 & 74-83
1871 RG10/5653 folios 1-30 & 55-75
1881 RG11/5512 folios 74-75
1891 RG12/4613 folios 16-64
1901 RG13/

Church Records

  • The following Penycae Parish Registers have been deposited at the Denbighshire Records Office in Ruthin:
Baptisms 1880 - 1919
Marriages: 1880 - 1971
Burials 1881 - 1952

Nonconformist Church Records

The following chapel records from Penycae are available on the IGI:

Chapel Years Batch Number
Salem Particular Baptist, Penycae 1789-1837 C101901

The Clwyd Family History Society have published the following records:

Chapel Type Years
Salem Particular Baptist, Penycae Burials
Groes Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Penycae Burial Records & Monumental Inscriptions

Civil Records

The Registry Office was in High Street, Ruabon. Births, marriages and deaths in Penycae will be recorded in the GRO indexes as:

Years Sub-district District Volumes
1 Jul 1837 - 1974 Ruabon Wrexham XXVII (1837-51)
11b (1852-1946)
8A (1946-74)


  • St Thomas Parish Church
  • Salem Baptist Chapel
  • Groes Calvinistic Methodist Chapel

Poor Law Union

Penycae formed part of the Wrexham Union which was created on 30 March. A workhouse was built at Croesnewydd in Bersham. The records of the Wrexham Union are now held at Denbighshire Record Office in Ruthin.

See also


  • Dennis W Gilpin, "Rhosllannerchrugog, Johnstown, Ponciau, Penycae, a collection of pictures - Volume I" (1991)
  • Dennis W Gilpin, "Rhosllannerchrugog, Johnstown, Ponciau, Penycae, a collection of pictures - Volume II" (1992)
  • Colin Gibbs, "Clatter of Clogs" (1990)

External links