Prince Edward Island Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Access the records: Prince Edward Island Census, 1861 .
These records include a population census of Prince Edward Island that was recorded in 1861. Prince Edward Island was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada. The records also includes agricultural censuses at the end of each county or township.
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.
Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties.
For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location.
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published on FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- "Prince Edward Island Census, 1861" Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Ottawa.
Census records may contain the following information:
- Name of head of household
- Number and age of individuals in household
- Profession of head of household
How to Use this Record
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of ancestor
- Approximate place and year of residence
Search the Collection
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
General Information About These Records
This census lists the birthplace for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor.
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