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<div style="padding-left: 1px; float: right; width: 74%"><center>''[[Germany|Germany]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Prussia_-_Ostpreußen|Ostpreußen]]''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[[Poland|Poland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Prussia_-_Ostpreußen|Ostpreußen]]''</center> <!--Add introductory text and/or an image here-->
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''Back to [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]'' 
Welcome to the Ostpreußen page!
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{{East Prussia-sidebar}}
 +
Guide to ''East Prussia'' - ''Ostpreußen'' ''ancestry, family history, and genealogy'': birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. <br>
  
FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Ostpreußen Portal page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. Please visit the [[:Category:Help|help page]] to learn more about using the site. The Ostpreußen Portal Page is a work in progress, your contributions and [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/FamilySearch_Wiki:Feedback feedback] are essential!
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=== Background  ===
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East Prussia (Ostpreußen), a former province of Prussia and the 2nd and 3rd German Empires was located in extreme Northeast Germany. It was dissolved in 1945).
  
=== Beginning Ostpreußen (East Prussia) Research  ===
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Historically, East Prussia was at the center of the development of historical Prussia.
  
=== Jurisdictions  ===
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From 1824–1878, East Prussia was combined with West Prussia to form the Province of Prussia, after which they were reestablished as separate provinces. Along with the rest of the Kingdom of Prussia, East Prussia became part of the German Empire during the unification of Germany in 1871. By the end of the 19th century, most of the inhabitants of East Prussia spoke German.
  
(Your text or images here, or use the table below:)  
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From 1919 to 1939 East Prussia was separated from the rest of Germany by the Polish Corridor and the Free City of Danzig (Polish: Gdańsk).  In 1939, East Prussia had 2.49 million inhabitants, 85% of them ethnic Germans.
  
{| width="99%" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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In 1945, at the end of World War II, East Prussia was overrun by Soviet troops, and about 600,000 of its civilian inhabitants were killed. Much of the region was incinerated by the RAF in 1944, and finally overrun by the Soviet Red Army in early 1945.
|-
 
| valign="top" align="left" |
 
*(Your Bullet)
 
*(Your Bullet)
 
  
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At the end of World War II, East Prussia was divided by two land transfers and the '''authorized expulsion of ethnic Germans.''' Much of the area was given by to the Soviet Union. '''99% of the remaining German population, those who had not left by the end of the war, were expelled by the Polish and Soviet governments between 1945 and the 1950s.''' The region's bombed-out remains were repopulated with people forcibly relocated from all over the Soviet Union.
*(Your Bullet)  
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==Find Important Information About Your Ancestors' Town==
*(Your Bullet)
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*To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from East Prussia will not be enough to use the records of Germany.  Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
 +
*Details about the town will also help:
 +
**the county or "Kreis" of that town,
 +
**where the closest Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church was (depending on their religion),
 +
**where the civil registration office ("Standesamt") was, and
 +
**if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.
  
| valign="top" align="left" |
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==Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin==
*(Your Bullet)
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If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it. 
*(Your Bullet)
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*Use [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Germany_Gathering_Information_to_Locate_Place_of_Origin '''Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin'''] as a guide in exhausting every possible record to find what you need.
  
|}
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==Meyers Gazetteer and Kartenmeister==
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===Meyers Gazetteer===
 +
Once you know the town name you need, the other facts you need are contained in '''''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs''''', the gazetteer on which the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is based.
 +
*Use [http://www.meyersgaz.org/ '''MeyersGaz'''], the digital gazetteer, to find the details you need, particularly the Kreis (county) it belonged to, found after '''"Kr"'''.
 +
*[http://www.meyersgaz.org/help/help.html '''MeyersGaz Help Guide''']
 +
*[[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs|'''Abbreviation Table''']]
  
=== Research Tools  ===
 
  
*(helpful tools and resources)  
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Here is part of an entry from MeyersGaz.org. (The whole entry can be studied at [http://www.meyersgaz.org/place.aspx?id=10788067 Heusenstamm, MeyersGaz].)
*(language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)
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{|
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|-
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| style="width:30%"|
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The most important facts here are:<br>
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#Heusenstamm is in '''Offenbach Kreis''' (Kr).
 +
#It has its own Standesamt (StdA) or civil registration office.
 +
#It has its own Catholic parish church.
 +
#By clicking on the "Ecclesiastical" option, we learn that the closest protestant church is 2 miles away in Bieber.
  
=== Featured Content  ===
 
  
(Your text or images here)
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|[[File:MeyersGaz.png|500px]]
  
=== Things You Can Do  ===
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*If you find several towns of the same name, checking each one for the birth record of your ancestor may be needed to narrow down the field.
 
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|}
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
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===Kartenmeister===
 
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Next, find your town in [http://www.kartenmeister.com '''Kartenmeister.com] to learn the Polish name and upper jurisdictions that the town became known by after 1945.
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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*[http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/BRG/neumark/ortenm_e.htm '''Translation of German name to current Polish name'''] This simple list will help also.<br>
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<br>
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{|
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:20px"|
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
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'''Kartenmeister Search Engine'''
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>  
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<br>
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
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<br>
 
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'''To use Kartenmeister, simply enter the German name of the town in the search field.'''
|
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<br>
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]  
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<br>
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]] .
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[[File:Kartenmeister search.png]]
 
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|
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'''A Typical Kartenmeister Record'''
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<br>
 +
<br>
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'''The most important information points here are the name of the Lutheran parish, the name of the Catholic parish, and the location of the civil registry office (Standesamt):'''
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
[[File:Kartenmeister entry.png]]
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[[
 
|}
 
|}
  
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==Take These Online Classes to Prepare==
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/356 '''German Research: Strategies and Sources for Eastern Provinces''']. '''Be sure to download the class syllabus.'''
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#Watch the '''Specific Geography''' portion to learn how to use [http://www.meyersgaz.org '''MeyersGaz.org'''] and [http://www.kartenmeister.com '''Kartenmeister.com] to get the details of the German and Polish names of your town and its higher jurisdictions.
 +
#Watch the General Resources portion to learn how to check for parish registers using
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##[http://www.baza.archiwa.gov.pl/sezam/pradziad.php?l=en '''The PRADZIAD Database''']
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##[http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl '''Szukaj w Archiwach''']
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##[http://www.lostshoebox.com '''The Lost Shoe Box'''], with links to:
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###[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Geneteka_database '''Geneteka''']
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###[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/File:GENBAZA.pdf '''Metryki GenBaza''']
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###[http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl '''Szukaj w Archiwach''']
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##[http://www.archion.de '''Archion'''], Cooperative of protestant archives ($)
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##[https://www.archivesportaleurope.net/ '''Archives Portal Europe''']
 +
#Watch the '''East Prussia or Ostpreussen''' portion, which begins at 47:58 minutes.
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/363 '''Kartenmeister.com: Finding Places in the Former German Area of Poland''']
 
=== Websites  ===
 
=== Websites  ===
  
*[[Prussia - Ostpreußen Research Websites|Websites]]
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*[[East Prussia Research Websites]]
</div> <!--All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen--> <div style="width: 24%; float: left">
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*[http://www.many-roads.com/manyroads-services/german-prussian-genealogy-aids/ Free Tools, Techniques & Guides to Help conduct Prussian/German Research]  
{| border="0" style="background: rgb(255,255,240)" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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*[http://www.many-roads.com/2016/12/19/east-prussia-ostpreusen/ East Prussia: history with maps for East Prussia]
|-
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* [http://www.many-roads.com/2016/12/15/finding-genealogy-data-in-central-eastern-europe/ Finding Genealogy Data in Central & Eastern Europe]
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''News &amp; Events'''
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* [http://www.many-roads.com/2013/11/21/so-you-think-your-ancestor-was-prussian/ So you think your ancestor was Prussian…]
|-
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* [http://www.many-roads.com/2015/02/16/researching-lost-eastern-german-provinces/ Researching “Lost” Eastern German Provinces]
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "News and Events" items below-->
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* [http://www.many-roads.com/2012/07/01/former-eastern-german-place-names/ Finding Former Eastern German Place Names]
|-
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* [http://www.many-roads.com/2014/11/28/might-your-family-be-descended-from-prussian-mennonites/ Might your family be descended from Prussian Mennonites?]
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Topics'''
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* [http://www.many-roads.com/2012/02/01/prussian-mennonite-research-materials/ Prussian Mennonite Research Materials]
|-
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{{GermProv}}  
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%" |
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]  
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Biography|Biographies]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Census|Census]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Church History|Church History]]  
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Dwellings|Dwellings]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]  
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Historical & Administrative Geography|Historical &amp; Administrative Geography]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen History|History]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]  
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Newspapers|Newspapers]]  
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Occupations|Occupations]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Place Names|Place Names]]  
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Population|Population]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Schools|Schools]]
 
*[[Prussia-Ostpreußen Societies|Societies]]
 
 
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Did You Know?'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "Did You Know?" items below-->
 
|}
 
  
{{Forum badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| forum link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=68
 
| forum name = German Empire Research Forum
 
}} {{Online course badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| course link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/germany-beginning-research-series-lesson-1-getting-started/261
 
| course name = Germany courses
 
}} {{Online course badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/introduction-to-polish-research/43
 
| name = Poland courses
 
}}
 
</div>
 
__NOTOC__
 
  
[[Category:Germany]]
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[[Category:East_Prussia,_Germany]]

Latest revision as of 18:02, 15 March 2017

Back to Germany

East Prussia Wiki Topics
East-prussia-called-now 8a3f7992a2fda05e.jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
East Prussia Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources


Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Germany courses.
Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Poland courses.
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Adopt a page today

Guide to East Prussia - Ostpreußen ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Background

East Prussia (Ostpreußen), a former province of Prussia and the 2nd and 3rd German Empires was located in extreme Northeast Germany. It was dissolved in 1945).

Historically, East Prussia was at the center of the development of historical Prussia.

From 1824–1878, East Prussia was combined with West Prussia to form the Province of Prussia, after which they were reestablished as separate provinces. Along with the rest of the Kingdom of Prussia, East Prussia became part of the German Empire during the unification of Germany in 1871. By the end of the 19th century, most of the inhabitants of East Prussia spoke German.

From 1919 to 1939 East Prussia was separated from the rest of Germany by the Polish Corridor and the Free City of Danzig (Polish: Gdańsk). In 1939, East Prussia had 2.49 million inhabitants, 85% of them ethnic Germans.

In 1945, at the end of World War II, East Prussia was overrun by Soviet troops, and about 600,000 of its civilian inhabitants were killed. Much of the region was incinerated by the RAF in 1944, and finally overrun by the Soviet Red Army in early 1945.

At the end of World War II, East Prussia was divided by two land transfers and the authorized expulsion of ethnic Germans. Much of the area was given by to the Soviet Union. 99% of the remaining German population, those who had not left by the end of the war, were expelled by the Polish and Soviet governments between 1945 and the 1950s. The region's bombed-out remains were repopulated with people forcibly relocated from all over the Soviet Union.

Find Important Information About Your Ancestors' Town

  • To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from East Prussia will not be enough to use the records of Germany. Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
  • Details about the town will also help:
    • the county or "Kreis" of that town,
    • where the closest Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church was (depending on their religion),
    • where the civil registration office ("Standesamt") was, and
    • if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.

Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin

If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

Meyers Gazetteer and Kartenmeister

Meyers Gazetteer

Once you know the town name you need, the other facts you need are contained in Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs, the gazetteer on which the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is based.


Here is part of an entry from MeyersGaz.org. (The whole entry can be studied at Heusenstamm, MeyersGaz.)

The most important facts here are:

  1. Heusenstamm is in Offenbach Kreis (Kr).
  2. It has its own Standesamt (StdA) or civil registration office.
  3. It has its own Catholic parish church.
  4. By clicking on the "Ecclesiastical" option, we learn that the closest protestant church is 2 miles away in Bieber.


MeyersGaz.png
  • If you find several towns of the same name, checking each one for the birth record of your ancestor may be needed to narrow down the field.

Kartenmeister

Next, find your town in Kartenmeister.com to learn the Polish name and upper jurisdictions that the town became known by after 1945.


Kartenmeister Search Engine

To use Kartenmeister, simply enter the German name of the town in the search field.

Kartenmeister search.png

A Typical Kartenmeister Record

The most important information points here are the name of the Lutheran parish, the name of the Catholic parish, and the location of the civil registry office (Standesamt):

Kartenmeister entry.png [[

Take These Online Classes to Prepare

  1. Watch the Specific Geography portion to learn how to use MeyersGaz.org and Kartenmeister.com to get the details of the German and Polish names of your town and its higher jurisdictions.
  2. Watch the General Resources portion to learn how to check for parish registers using
    1. The PRADZIAD Database
    2. Szukaj w Archiwach
    3. The Lost Shoe Box, with links to:
      1. Geneteka
      2. Metryki GenBaza
      3. Szukaj w Archiwach
    4. Archion, Cooperative of protestant archives ($)
    5. Archives Portal Europe
  3. Watch the East Prussia or Ostpreussen portion, which begins at 47:58 minutes.

Websites