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<div style="padding-left: 1px; width: 74%; float: right"><center>''[[Germany|Germany]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Prussia_-_Westpreußen|Westpreußen]]''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[[Poland|Poland]]
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''[[Germany Genealogy|Germany]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Westpreußen (West Prussia)'''
 
+
{{West Prussia-sidebar}}
[[Prussia_-_Westpreußen|Westpreußen]]''</center>
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Guide to '''West Prussia''' ancestry, family history, and genealogy:'' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. <br>
<br>
+
{|
 
 
Welcome to the Westpreußen page! FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Westpreußen page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. Please visit the [[:Category:Help|help page]] to learn more about using the site. The Westpreußen Portal Page is a work in progress, your contributions and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Feedback|feedback]] are essential!
 
 
 
=== Getting Started with Westpreußen Research  ===
 
 
 
=== Jurisdictions of Westpreußen (West Prussia) ===
 
 
 
Provinz Westpreußen was established in 1773 when the First Polish Republic was divided between Prussia, Russia and Austro-Hungarian Empires. Proviz Westpreussia was divided in 1806 by Napoleon, and restored in 1815. In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles granted most of Westpreußen &nbsp;to the Second Polish Republic. This action created the "Polish Corridor" and granted Poland access to the Baltic Sea. Westpreußen was disestablished in 1922.
 
 
 
During the long period of German administration, most civil records and many church records used for researching family history were written in the German language. A notable exception was Catholic church records, which were kept in the Latin language.
 
 
 
In 1900 Westpreußen (West Prussia) was divided into two Regierungsbezirke, namely Danzig and Marienwerder:
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="90%"
 
|+ '''Regierungsbezirke of Westpreußen 1900 - 1910'''
 
|-
 
| Regierungsbezirk
 
| colspan="2" align="center" | Communities
 
| colspan="2" align="center" | Area in square kilometers
 
| colspan="2" align="center" | Population
 
 
|-
 
|-
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Year
+
|__TOC__
| align="center" | 1900
+
|
| align="center" | 1910
+
{{Click|Image:Prussia ORP.png|Prussia, West Prussia, and East Prussia Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
| align="center" | 1900
 
| align="center" | 1910
 
| align="center" | 1900
 
| align="center" | 1910
 
|-
 
| Danzig (Gdańsk)
 
| align="center" | 1,165
 
| align="center" | 1,132
 
| align="center" | 7,956.93
 
| align="center" | 7,958.76
 
| align="center" | 665,992
 
| align="center" | 742,619
 
|-
 
| Marienwerder (Kwidzyn)
 
| align="center" | 2,197
 
| align="center" | 2,133
 
| align="center" | 17,577.97
 
| align="center" | 17,595.88
 
| align="center" | 897,666
 
| align="center" | 960,855
 
|-
 
| Total for Westpreußen
 
| align="center" | 3,362
 
| align="center" | 3,265
 
| align="center" | 25,534.9
 
| align="center" | 25,554.64
 
| align="center" | 1,563,658
 
| align="center" | 1,703474
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
=== Background  ===
  
==== Regierungsbezirk Danzig (Gdańsk) ====
+
The Provinz of Westpreußen was established in 1773 when the First Polish Republic was divided between Prussia, Russia and Austro-Hungarian Empires. Provinz Westpreußen was divided in 1806 by Napoleon, and restored in 1815. In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles granted most of Westpreußen to the Second Polish Republic. Westpreußen was disestablished in 1922.
  
*[[Danzig (Regierungsbezirk), Westpreussen]]
+
During the long period of German administration and settlement, most civil records and many church records used for researching family history were written in the German language. A notable exception was Catholic church records, which were kept in the Latin language.
  
Awaiting development.  
+
==For German Research, You Must Know Your Ancestors' Town==
 +
*To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from West Prussia will not be enough to use the records of Germany.  Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
 +
*Details about the town will also help:
 +
**the county or "Kreis" of that town,
 +
**where the closest Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church was (depending on their religion),
 +
**where the civil registration office ("Standesamt") was, and
 +
**if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.
  
==== Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder (Kwidzyn) ====
+
==Research to Find the Town==
 +
If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.  
 +
*Use [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Germany_Gathering_Information_to_Locate_Place_of_Origin '''Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin'''] as a guide in exhausting every possible record to find what you need.
  
*[[Marienwerder (Regierungsbezirk), Westpreussen|Marienwerder (Regierungsbezirk)]]
+
==Meyers Gazetteer and Kartenmeister==
 +
===If You Know the Town, Next Use Meyers Gazetteer===
 +
Once you know the town name you need, the other facts you need are contained in '''''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs''''', the gazetteer on which the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is based.
 +
*Use [http://www.meyersgaz.org/ '''MeyersGaz'''], the digital gazetteer, to find the details you need, particularly the Kreis (county) it belonged to, found after '''"Kr"'''.
 +
*[http://www.meyersgaz.org/help/help.html '''MeyersGaz Help Guide''']
 +
*[[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs|'''Abbreviation Table''']]
  
On 1 January 1900, Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder included 1 Stadtkreis and 15 Landkreise, namely: (in Polish)
 
  
Stadtkreis:  
+
Here is part of an entry from MeyersGaz.org. (The whole entry can be studied at [http://www.meyersgaz.org/place.aspx?id=10788067 Heusenstamm, MeyersGaz].)
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| style="width:30%"|
 +
The most important facts here are:<br>
 +
#Heusenstamm is in '''Offenbach Kreis''' (Kr).
 +
#It has its own Standesamt (StdA) or civil registration office.
 +
#It has its own Catholic parish church.
 +
#By clicking on the "Ecclesiastical" option, we learn that the closest protestant church is 2 miles away in Bieber.
  
*[[Grudziadz, Poland|Graudenz (Grudziądz)]]
 
  
Landkreise:  
+
|[[File:MeyersGaz.png|500px]]
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" width="99%"
+
*If you find several towns of the same name, checking each one for the birth record of your ancestor may be needed to narrow down the field.
 +
|}
 +
===Kartenmeister===
 +
Next, find your town in [http://www.kartenmeister.com '''Kartenmeister.com] to learn the Polish name and upper jurisdictions that the town became known by after 1945.
 +
*[http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/BRG/neumark/ortenm_e.htm '''Translation of German name to current Polish name'''] This simple list will help also.<br>
 +
<br>
 +
{|
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="top" align="left" |  
+
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:20px"|
*[[Wabrzezno, Poland|Briesen (Wąbrzeźno)]]
+
'''Kartenmeister Search Engine'''
*[[Walcz, Poland|Deutsch Krone (Wałcz)]]
+
<br>
*[[Zlotow, Poland|Flatow (Złotów)]]
+
<br>
*[[Grudziadz, Poland|Graudenz (Grudziądz)]]
+
'''To use Kartenmeister, simply enter the German name of the town in the search field.'''
 
+
<br>
| valign="top" align="left" |
+
<br>
*[[Chojnice, Poland|Konitz (Chojnice)]]  
+
[[File:Kartenmeister search.png]]
*[[Chelmno, Poland|Kulm (Chełmno)]]
+
|
*[[Lubawa, Poland|Löbau (Lubawa)]]
+
'''A Typical Kartenmeister Record'''
*[[Kwidzin, Poland|Marienwerder (Kwidzin)]]
+
<br>
*[[Susz, Poland|Rosenberg in Westpreußen (Susz)]]
+
<br>
 
+
'''The most important information points here are the name of the Lutheran parish, the name of the Catholic parish, and the location of the civil registry office (Standesamt):'''
| valign="top" align="left" |
+
<br>
*[[Czluchow, Poland|Schlochau (Człuchów)]]
+
<br>
*[[Swiecie, Poland|Schwetz (Świecie)]]
+
[[File:Kartenmeister entry.png]]
*[[Brodnica, Poland|Strasburg (Brodnica)]]
+
[[
*[[Sztum, Poland|Stuhm (Sztum)]]
 
*[[Torun, Poland|Thorn (Toruń)]]  
 
*[[Tuchola, Poland|Tuchel (Tuchola)]]
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
On 1 April 1900, Thorn (Torun) was made a Stadtkreis:
+
==Take These Online Classes to Prepare==
 
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/356 '''German Research: Strategies and Sources for Eastern Provinces''']. '''Be sure to download the class syllabus.'''
*[[Torun, Poland|Thorn (Toruń)]]
+
#Watch the '''Specific Geography''' portion to learn how to use [http://www.meyersgaz.org '''MeyersGaz.org'''] and [http://www.kartenmeister.com '''Kartenmeister.com] to get the details of the German and Polish names of your town and its higher jurisdictions.
 
+
#Watch the General Resources portion to learn how to check for parish registers using
=== Research Tools  ===
+
##[http://www.baza.archiwa.gov.pl/sezam/pradziad.php?l=en '''The PRADZIAD Database''']
 
+
##[http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl '''Szukaj w Archiwach''']
*(helpful tools and resources)
+
##[http://www.lostshoebox.com '''The Lost Shoe Box'''], with links to:
*(language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)
+
###[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Geneteka_database '''Geneteka''']
 
+
###[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/File:GENBAZA.pdf '''Metryki GenBaza''']
=== Featured Content  ===
+
###[http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl '''Szukaj w Archiwach''']
 
+
##[http://www.archion.de '''Archion'''], Cooperative of protestant archives ($)
(Your text or images here)  
+
##[https://www.archivesportaleurope.net/ '''Archives Portal Europe''']
 
+
#Watch the '''West Prussia or Westpreussen''' portion, which begins at 45:35 minutes.
=== Things You Can Do  ===
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/363 '''Kartenmeister.com: Finding Places in the Former German Area of Poland''']
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
+
==Maps==
 +
*West and East [http://www.many-roads.com/gallery/cartographicresources/historical-germany-maps/historical-west-and-east-prussian-maps-2/ Prussian Maps]
 +
'''Districts by 1818'''
 +
#Deutsch-Krone (Wałcz between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
 +
#Flatow (Złotów between 1370-1722 and since 1945, most of district was part of Poland between 1920–1939 and since 1945)
 +
#Graudenz (Grudziądz between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
 +
#Konitz (Chojnice between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
 +
#Kulm (Weichsel) (Chełmno between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945))
 +
#Löbau (Lubawa between 1466-1772, 1807–1815, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
 +
#Marienwerder (Kwidzyn today)
 +
#Rosenberg (Susz between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
 +
#Schlochau (Człuchów between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
 +
#Schwetz (Świecie between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
 +
#Strasburg (Brodnica before 1772, between 1920–1939 and since 1945)
 +
#Stuhm (Sztum between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
 +
#Thorn (Toruń today)<br>
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
+
[[Category:West Prussia, Germany]] [[Category:Germany_Maps]]
 +
{|
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
|
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
+
<center> '''West Prussia German County Names'''</center>
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
+
<br>
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
+
<br>
 +
[[File:West Prussia.png|570px]]
 +
|
 +
<center> '''West Prussia Current Polish County Names'''</center>
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
[[File:716px-Prusy Zachodnie.svg.png|570px]]
 +
|}
 +
=== Websites ===
  
|
+
*[http://many-roads.com ManyRoads] offers detailed genealogical help, source materials, and tools to assist in searching for German/ Prussian ancestors who lived in pre-1945 West Prussia.
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]  
+
*[http://www.many-roads.com/2016/12/15/finding-genealogy-data-in-central-eastern-europe/ Finding Genealogy Data in Central & Eastern Europe]
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]] .
+
*[http://www.many-roads.com/2013/11/21/so-you-think-your-ancestor-was-prussian/ So you think your ancestor was Prussian…]  
 +
*[http://www.many-roads.com/2015/02/16/researching-lost-eastern-german-provinces/ Researching “Lost” Eastern German Provinces]  
 +
*[http://www.many-roads.com/2012/07/01/former-eastern-german-place-names/ Finding Former Eastern German Place Names]
 +
*[http://www.many-roads.com/2014/11/28/might-your-family-be-descended-from-prussian-mennonites/ Might your family be descended from Prussian Mennonites?]  
 +
*[http://www.many-roads.com/2012/02/01/prussian-mennonite-research-materials/ Prussian Mennonite Research Materials]
  
|}
 
  
=== Websites  ===
 
  
*[[Westpreußen Research Websites|Websites]]
+
{{GermProv}}
</div>
 
<!--All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen--><br>
 
<div style="width: 24%; float: left">
 
{| style="background: rgb(255,255,240)" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0"
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''News &amp; Events'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "News and Events" items below-->
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%" |
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Biography|Biographies]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Census|Census]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Dwellings|Dwellings]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Westpreußen, Preußen, Germany - Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen History|History]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Occupations|Occupations]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Place Names|Place Names]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Population|Population]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Schools|Schools]]
 
*[[Prussia-Westpreußen Societies|Societies]]
 
  
|-
 
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Did You Know?'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "Did You Know?" items below-->
 
|}
 
  
{{Forum badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| forum link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=68
 
| forum name = German Empire Research Forum
 
}} {{Online course badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| course link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/germany-beginning-research-series-lesson-1-getting-started/261
 
| course name = Germany courses
 
}} {{Online course badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/introduction-to-polish-research/43?&cid=wiki-course
 
| name = Poland courses
 
}}
 
</div>
 
__NOTOC__
 
  
[[Category:Germany]] [[Category:Westpreußen]]
+
[[Category:West Prussia, Germany]]
 +
[[Category:States of Germany]]

Latest revision as of 19:43, 27 April 2017

Germany Gotoarrow.png Westpreußen (West Prussia)

West Prussia Wiki Topics
Gosslershausen.jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
West Prussia Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources


Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Germany courses.
Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Poland courses.
Adopt-a-wiki page
ManyRoads thumb.png This page adopted by Mark F Rabideau who welcomes you to contribute
Adopt a page today

Guide to West Prussia ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Background

The Provinz of Westpreußen was established in 1773 when the First Polish Republic was divided between Prussia, Russia and Austro-Hungarian Empires. Provinz Westpreußen was divided in 1806 by Napoleon, and restored in 1815. In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles granted most of Westpreußen to the Second Polish Republic. Westpreußen was disestablished in 1922.

During the long period of German administration and settlement, most civil records and many church records used for researching family history were written in the German language. A notable exception was Catholic church records, which were kept in the Latin language.

For German Research, You Must Know Your Ancestors' Town

  • To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from West Prussia will not be enough to use the records of Germany. Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
  • Details about the town will also help:
    • the county or "Kreis" of that town,
    • where the closest Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church was (depending on their religion),
    • where the civil registration office ("Standesamt") was, and
    • if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.

Research to Find the Town

If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

Meyers Gazetteer and Kartenmeister

If You Know the Town, Next Use Meyers Gazetteer

Once you know the town name you need, the other facts you need are contained in Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs, the gazetteer on which the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is based.


Here is part of an entry from MeyersGaz.org. (The whole entry can be studied at Heusenstamm, MeyersGaz.)

The most important facts here are:

  1. Heusenstamm is in Offenbach Kreis (Kr).
  2. It has its own Standesamt (StdA) or civil registration office.
  3. It has its own Catholic parish church.
  4. By clicking on the "Ecclesiastical" option, we learn that the closest protestant church is 2 miles away in Bieber.


MeyersGaz.png
  • If you find several towns of the same name, checking each one for the birth record of your ancestor may be needed to narrow down the field.

Kartenmeister

Next, find your town in Kartenmeister.com to learn the Polish name and upper jurisdictions that the town became known by after 1945.


Kartenmeister Search Engine

To use Kartenmeister, simply enter the German name of the town in the search field.

Kartenmeister search.png

A Typical Kartenmeister Record

The most important information points here are the name of the Lutheran parish, the name of the Catholic parish, and the location of the civil registry office (Standesamt):

Kartenmeister entry.png [[

Take These Online Classes to Prepare

  1. Watch the Specific Geography portion to learn how to use MeyersGaz.org and Kartenmeister.com to get the details of the German and Polish names of your town and its higher jurisdictions.
  2. Watch the General Resources portion to learn how to check for parish registers using
    1. The PRADZIAD Database
    2. Szukaj w Archiwach
    3. The Lost Shoe Box, with links to:
      1. Geneteka
      2. Metryki GenBaza
      3. Szukaj w Archiwach
    4. Archion, Cooperative of protestant archives ($)
    5. Archives Portal Europe
  3. Watch the West Prussia or Westpreussen portion, which begins at 45:35 minutes.

Maps

Districts by 1818

  1. Deutsch-Krone (Wałcz between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
  2. Flatow (Złotów between 1370-1722 and since 1945, most of district was part of Poland between 1920–1939 and since 1945)
  3. Graudenz (Grudziądz between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
  4. Konitz (Chojnice between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
  5. Kulm (Weichsel) (Chełmno between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945))
  6. Löbau (Lubawa between 1466-1772, 1807–1815, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
  7. Marienwerder (Kwidzyn today)
  8. Rosenberg (Susz between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
  9. Schlochau (Człuchów between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
  10. Schwetz (Świecie between 1466-1772, 1920–1939 and since 1945)
  11. Strasburg (Brodnica before 1772, between 1920–1939 and since 1945)
  12. Stuhm (Sztum between 1466-1772 and since 1945)
  13. Thorn (Toruń today)
West Prussia German County Names



West Prussia.png

West Prussia Current Polish County Names



716px-Prusy Zachodnie.svg.png

Websites