There are many collections of biographies of the earliest French Canadians. Stories of the immigrant women called the "king's daughters" are in:
Dumas, Silvio. Les filles du roi en Nouvelle-France: Étude historique avec répertoire biographique (The King's Daughters in New France: Historical Study and Biographical Sketches). Cahiers d'histoire, number 24. Québec: Société historique du Québec, Canada, 1972. (FHL book 971.4 D3ds; film 1421670 item 5.) Text in French.
Biographies of the earliest pioneer men are in the continuing series:
Lebel, Gérard. Nos ancêtres: biographies d'ancêtres (Our Ancestors: Biographies). Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada: La Revue, 1983–. (FHL book 971.4 D3L.) Text in French.
An English version of Lebel's series is:
Laforest, Thomas J. Our French-Canadian Ancestors. Palm Harbour, Florida, USA: LISI Press, 1983–. (FHL book 971.4 D3Lt; several volumes on 79 fiche.)
Some books relating to trades, professions, or government officials include biographical sections. They are described in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under QUEBEC - OCCUPATIONS and QUEBEC - OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES. An example is:
Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec, 1792–1992 (Biographical Dictionary of the Parliament of Québec, 1792–1992). Sainte-Foy, Québec, Canada: Les Presses de l'Université Laval, 1993. (FHL book 971.4 D3d.) Text in French. This includes brief biographies of members of the Assemblée nationale du Québec and its predecessor, the provincial parliaments.
See the Canada Research Outline (34545) for national biographical dictionaries that include prominent Québec residents. Canadian encyclopedias also include biographical sketches.
Local histories often include biographies of residents. An example is:
Hubbard, Benjamin F. The History of Stanstead County, with Sketches of More Than Five Hundred Families. Revised Edition. Montréal, Québec, Canada: Lawrence, 1874. (FHL book 971.467 H2h; film 873948 item 1.)