Quebec Notarial Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|Access the Records|
Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1920 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of Canada|
|Location of Quebec, Canada|
|Record Type||Notorial Records|
|Title in the Language||Québec, actes de notaires|
|Bibliothèque et Archive Nationales du Québec|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 What Can these Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing this Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
This collection contains notarial records dating from 1800 to 1920.
This collection contains vital records including births, marriages, deaths, and a card index. These images are provided with the cooperation of Bibliothèque and Archives Nationales du Québec.
Notarial records contain a variety of legal acts. This collection may contain the following:
- Marriage contracts
- Agreements and settlements
- Transfers of property
- Donations (pre-wills)
- Legal documents
- Guardian records
- Indenture records
The following districts are included in the collection:
Notarial records (actes notariés or minutes de notaire) are records prepared by a notary (notaire or protonotaire, but sometimes tabellion or scrivener). Notaries are important officials in Quebec, Louisiana, France, and other countries where a civil code based on Roman law is in force. Among other matters, notarial records deal with estates and inheritances.
The Quebec notarial records in this collection are images of bound documents. Most of the records are handwritten in French. Generally, the records begin with a title page that gives the date and time the record was made, the name of the notary, and the parties involved. In Quebec, "notaires" (notaries) have registered contracts since 1626. The persons involved in the contracts received the originals. The notaries kept copies. The copies are called "minutes."
Each document in a notary's minutes gives at least the name of the notary, the date and place the document was prepared, the names and addresses of the persons involved, and the names and addresses of the witnesses. The ages and relationships of the witnesses and the persons involved are sometimes included.
Notarial records are usually listed by the name of the notary and the dates he functioned. They are not normally indexed by the names of the persons involved in the contract. Notarial records are first sent to the judicial archives, but they are eventually deposited in the branches of the Archives Nationales du Québec. Most legal contracts in Quebec had to be notarized by a notary. So the majority of such documents can be found in collections of notarial records. However, marriages were often preformed by the Catholic church and were sometimes not notarized, so when looking for marriage contracts, it is advisable to check church records as well.
These documents are generally reliable depending on the information provided by those who participated in the creation of the documents. Notarial records for each notary are arranged chronologically, so records with the most value to the family historian are mixed with other written agreements such as conveyances of land and other property, bonds for the payment of money, and deeds of partnership. Some early marriage contracts were prepared by priests and may not be in the notarial records.
Reading These Records
These records are written in French.
To Browse this Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1920.|
What Can these Records Tell Me?
Records may contain the following information:
- Name and age of deceased
- Name of spouse, children
- Names of heirs and other family members
- Date of marriage
- Date of death
- Date of notary
How Do I Search the Collection?
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The name of a relative or date of the event
View the Images
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page.
- Select Judicial District
- Select Notary, Record Type, Years and File Numbers
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1920. Click on camera icon to see images.|
What Do I Do Next?
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
- Use the information to find additional family members.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name, especially French versions.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of Quebec, Canada Genealogy.
- Search in the Quebec Archives and Libraries.
- Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1920." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Bibliothèque et Archive Nationales du Québec.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.