Queen Anne's War 1702 to 1713
Queen Anne's War: Allies and Adversaries
In Europe Queen Anne's War was called the War of the Spanish Succession. Phillip of Anjou, the grandson of Louis XIV of France, accepted the Spanish crown. This worried Britain, Holland and Austria because they did not want France and Spain to unite and become very strong.
- The French and Indians made sporadic raids along the New England borders.
- The South Carolina militia destroyed the Spanish town of St. Augustine in Florida (1702).
- The French and Spanish attacked Charlestown, South Carolina (1706).
- British captured the French Port Royal in Acadia (now Nova Scotia) (1710).
- British made unsuccessful attacks on Quebec and Montreal (1711).
- Armistice was declared (1712).
- Peace of Utrecht was signed (1713).
During Queen Anne's War, many colonists served in local militias. Because these were local units and not part of the British Army, any surviving records are in historical societies, state libraries and archives. Most men who served in Queen Anne's War were between the ages of 16 and 60, born between 1642-1697, though some were born as early as 1632 or as late as 1701.
The Peace Terms
- Britain gained Newfoundland, the Hudson Bay area, and Nova Scotia.
- France kept control of New France, including Cape Breton, Prince Edward Island, and fishing rights in Newfoundland.
To find indexes and records of Queen Anne's war, do a Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the state and the topic of Military Records - Colonial Period.
- Maine (British and French disputed)
- Newfoundland (British and French disputed)
- Carolina (included North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia)
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New York
- Rhode Island
- New Brunswick (France)
- Nova Scotia (French)
- Quebec (French)
- Florida (Spanish)
General Society of Colonial Wars
The General Society of Colonial Wars was established in 1893. Membership in the society requires that the member be a male at least 18 years of age and be able to show direct lineage to an ancestor who served in the Colonial Wars. See General Society of Colonial Wars for more information on the society and its records.
References and Notes
- Other British colonies existed at the time, the one's listed are simply those that were closer to the conflicts than others.
- Encyclopedia Americana. Danbury, Connecticut: Grolier Inc. c1989, Vol. 23, p. 86.
- US Military Research Outline. USA: Intellectual Reserve, Inc. 1993, p. 12 and US/Canada Family History Consultants, "Queen Anne's War," in LAD, Family History Library, 2004 mjm.