Rapid City Indian School

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The Rapid City Indian School was created in 1898 for Indian children from the Northern plains, including those from the Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, Shoshone, Arapaho, Crow, and Flathead tribes. It was one of 28 Indian Boarding Schools established by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and was sometimes called "School of the Hills." It closed its doors as a school in 1933 and became a Sanitorium for the treatment of tuberculosis for the Sioux.

Administrative records have been microfilmed and are available at the National Archives and at the South Dakota Archives. The inventory of these microfilmed records is available on the South Dakota Archives website.