Difference between revisions of "Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy"

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:''This article is about a Virginia county formed in 1833. For other uses, see [[Rappahannock]]''.
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| link2=[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Virginia]]
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia|Virginia ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Rappahannock_County,_Virginia|Rappahannock County]]''  
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Guide to '''Rappahannock County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records. ''This article is about a Virginia county formed in 1833. For other uses, see [[Rappahannock]]''.
  
<br>'''Rappahannock County, Virginia''' genealogy and family history research page. Guide to '''Rappahannock County''' (established 1833) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.
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{{Click|Image:VA_ORP.png|Virginia Online Genealogy Records}}
 +
  
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
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| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl = Washington
 
| seat wl = Washington
 +
| building image = VirginiaRappahannockCourthouse.jpg
 
}}  
 
}}  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
+
=== Rappahannock County, Virginia Courthouse  ===
  
 
[[Image:{{VARappahannockcourthouse}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{VARappahannockcourthouse}}]]  
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
|-
 
|-
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Birth|Birth]]'''  
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Marriage|Marriage]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
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|}
 
|}
  
== History  ==
+
== Rappahannock County, Virginia History  ==
<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
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<div style="width: 100%; float: left">
 
[[Image:{{RappahannockRiverVirginia}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{RappahannockRiverVirginia}}]]  
  
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
+
For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/virginia/ "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps"] (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 +
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
  
 
*Lost census: 1890
 
*Lost census: 1890
  
== Places/Localities  ==
+
== Rappahannock County, Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 +
 +
Magisterial Districts
 +
 +
*Hampton&nbsp;
 +
*Jackson&nbsp;
 +
*Piedmont&nbsp;
 +
*Stonewall Hawthorne&nbsp;
 +
*Wakefield&nbsp;
  
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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|}
 
|}
  
== Resources  ==
+
== Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Varappahannock.jpg|thumb|right|250px]]
  
 
==== African American  ====
 
==== African American  ====
  
*Freedmen's [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1596147 Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721]
+
*Freedmen's {{RecordSearch|1596147|Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.rappahannockcountymarriages.com/Colored_Register.php Rappahannock County, Virginia Colored Marriage Register] - free.
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
+
{| width="70%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1"
*[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/rappahannock.html Tombstone Transcription Project Rappahannock County] - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb
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|-
 +
| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''
 +
| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print'''
 +
| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=48&GScnty=2877&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|513621|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=48&CScnty=2877 Findagrave.com]
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://vagenweb.org/rappahannock/cemeteries.html VAGenWeb]
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Rappahannock+Virginia&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=United%20States&state=Virginia&county=Rappahannock&cemetery_name=a Billion Graves]
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://usgwarchives.net/va/rappahannock.htm VAGenWeb Archives]
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/rappahannock.html Tombstone Project]  
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 +
|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://virginiagravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=75 Virginia Gravestones]
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/# Billion Graves]
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
 +
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" colspan="3" | See [[Virginia Cemeteries|Virginia Cemeteries]] for more information.
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|}
  
 
==== Bible Records  ====
 
==== Bible Records  ====
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'''''1890 Union Veterans'''''  
 
'''''1890 Union Veterans'''''  
  
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
+
*"Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890.[http://www.pwcvabooks.com Prince William County Virginia], by Ronald Ray Turner. {{FHL|686323|item|disp=FHL Collection}} Includes residents of this county.
  
 
==== Church Records  ====
 
==== Church Records  ====
 +
 +
===== Church of England =====
 +
 +
Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Rappahannock County is available [http://archive.org/stream/oldchurchesminis02meaduoft#page/102/mode/2up online.]<ref name="meade">William Meade, ''Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia'', 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: [http://www.archive.org/details/oldchurchesminis01meaduoft Vol. I] and [http://archive.org/details/oldchurchesminis02meaduoft Vol. II].</ref>
  
 
===== Quaker  =====
 
===== Quaker  =====
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==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
  
Several genealogies have been published about Rappahannock County families. To view a list, visit [[Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
+
Several genealogies have been published about Rappahannock County families. To view a list, visit [[Rappahannock County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies]].
  
 
==== Land and Property  ====
 
==== Land and Property  ====
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Records and histories are available, including:  
 
Records and histories are available, including:  
  
*Virginia, Civil War [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382 Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865]  
+
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932382|Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
*Virginia, Civil War [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427 Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865]
+
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932427|Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2322 U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865] at [http://ancesstry.com Ancestry] — index (free)
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2344 U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865] at [http://ancestry.com Ancestry] — index (free)
 +
 
 +
==== Miscellaneous Records ====
 +
 
 +
*'''1607-2007''' - {{RecordSearch|1932510|Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 +
 +
{{VAnews}}
  
 
==== Private Papers  ====
 
==== Private Papers  ====
  
*Virginia, [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932510 Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]  
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1932510 Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]  
 
*'''[Gibson]''' Davis, Bruce G. "Gibson Family Bible, Rappahannock County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1970):163-164. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
 
*'''[Gibson]''' Davis, Bruce G. "Gibson Family Bible, Rappahannock County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1970):163-164. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
  
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{{VAbmd}}  
 
{{VAbmd}}  
  
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church History and Records|Church History and Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}  
+
===== Birth  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1853-1870''' - Rappahannock County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch {{IGI|C868653}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref>Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at [[Media:Igivirginia.pdf|https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf]].</ref>
 +
 
 +
===== Marriage  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
 
 +
*'''1833-1869''' - Rappahannock County Marriage Index 1833-1869. Batch {{IGI|M868652}} at FamilySearch - free.
 +
 
 +
*'''1854-1869''' - Rappahannock County Marriage Index 1854-1869. Batch {{IGI|M868653}} at FamilySearch - free.
 +
 
 +
*'''1854-1930''' - [http://www.rappahannockcountymarriages.com/ Rappahannock County, Virginia, Marriages 1854-1930] - free.
 +
 
 +
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 +
 
 +
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church History and Records|Church History and Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
 +
 
 +
== Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
 
 +
==== [http://www.rappahannockhistsoc.org/ Rappahannock Historical Society]<br> ====
 +
 
 +
The Rappahannock Historical Society is located at 328 Gay Street in Washington, VA 22747.
 +
 
 +
It can be reached at telephone number 540-675-1163 or by email at rapphistsoc@comcast.net
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
It is open on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays from 11:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.(Open on most Monday holidays).
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
+
It offers genealogical research, property history searches, and general historical searches.
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
+
Fees for research by its staff are $15 per hour. For a more complete listing of their services and resources visit their resource page <br>
  
== Web Sites ==
+
==== Family History Centers ====
  
*Rappahannock County, Virginia [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varappah/ USGENWEB]<br>
+
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Rappahannock|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*Virginia Pioneers [http://www.virginiapioneers.net/counties/countyrappahannock.html Virginia Pioneers] ($)
 
  
<br>{{Online course badge
+
== Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html
 
| name = Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos
 
}}&nbsp;<br><br>Learning [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help How to Edit our Wiki Sites<br>]<br>
 
  
&nbsp;  
+
*Rappahannock County, Virginia [http://www.vagenweb.org/rappahannock/index.html USGenWeb project]<br>
 +
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Rappahannock|subject|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}
 +
*[http://www.familytree101.com/virginia/rappahannock-county.html Rappahannock County, VA History, Records, Facts and Genealogy] (Familytree101)
 +
*Virginia Pioneers [http://www.virginiapioneers.net/counties/countyrappahannock.html Virginia Pioneers] ($)&nbsp;
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Latest revision as of 17:16, 29 March 2017

United States
Virginia
Rappahannock County

Guide to Rappahannock County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records. This article is about a Virginia county formed in 1833. For other uses, see Rappahannock.


{{{link}}}


Rappahannock County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Rappahannock County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Rappahannock County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1833
County Seat Washington
Courthouse
VirginiaRappahannockCourthouse.jpg


Rappahannock County, Virginia Courthouse

Rappahannock County, Virginia Courthouse

Rappahannock County, Virginia
238 Gay Street
P O Box 116
Washington, Virginia 22747
Phone: 540-675-3621

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate
and court records from 1833, land records from 1838
and some personal property records from 1834[1]

Beginning Dates for Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1833 1853 1840 1833 1833

Rappahannock County, Virginia History

The county takes its name from the Rappahannock River. View of Fredericksburg, Virginia from across the Rappahannock River (1863).

The county is named after the Rappahannock River.

Parent County

1833--Rappahannock County was created 8 February 1833 from Culpeper County.
County seat: Washington [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost census: 1890

Rappahannock County, Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Magisterial Districts

  • Hampton 
  • Jackson 
  • Piedmont 
  • Stonewall Hawthorne 
  • Wakefield 

Neighboring Counties

Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Resources

Varappahannock.jpg

African American

Cemeteries

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Census

For tips on accessing Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
18409,257
18509,7825.7%
18608,850−9.5%
18708,261−6.7%
18809,29112.5%
18908,678−6.6%
19008,8431.9%
19108,044−9.0%
19208,0700.3%
19307,717−4.4%
19407,208−6.6%
19506,112−15.2%
19605,368−12.2%
19705,199−3.1%
19806,09317.2%
19906,6228.7%
20006,9835.5%

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Church of England

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Rappahannock County is available online.[3]

Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Culpeper Monthly Meeting (1777-1797)[4]

Court

Genealogy

Several genealogies have been published about Rappahannock County families. To view a list, visit Rappahannock County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Land and Property

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at [1]Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Rappahannock County on page 133.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Rappahannock County, p. 100. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy:


- 6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company B (Rappahannock Cavalry) and Company C (Rockingham Cavalry, River Rangers).[5]
- 7th Battalion, Virginia Infantry, Local Defense (1st Nitre Battalion) (Confederate). Company B (Rappahannock Guard) and Company G (Sperryville Sharpshooters).[6]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company G.[7]
- 49th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Sperryville Sharpshooters) and Company I (Rappahannock Rifles).[8]

Records and histories are available, including:

Miscellaneous Records

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.


Private Papers

Probate Records

  Will Book A, 1833-1842 (digital images) Virginia Pioneers ($)

  Will Book B, 1842-1849 (digital images) Virginia Pioneers ($)

  Will Book C, 1849-1855 (digital images) Virginia Pioneers ($)

  Will Book D, 1855-1866 (digital images) Virginia Pioneers ($)

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Rappahannock County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):220-222. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Taxation

Vital Records

Indexes to Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • 1853-1870 - Rappahannock County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch C868653 at FamilySearch - free.[9]
Marriage
  • 1833-1869 - Rappahannock County Marriage Index 1833-1869. Batch M868652 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1854-1869 - Rappahannock County Marriage Index 1854-1869. Batch M868653 at FamilySearch - free.
Vital Record Substitutes

Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Rappahannock Historical Society

The Rappahannock Historical Society is located at 328 Gay Street in Washington, VA 22747.

It can be reached at telephone number 540-675-1163 or by email at rapphistsoc@comcast.net

It is open on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays from 11:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.(Open on most Monday holidays).

It offers genealogical research, property history searches, and general historical searches.

Fees for research by its staff are $15 per hour. For a more complete listing of their services and resources visit their resource page

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Rappahannock County, Virginia Genealogy Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rappahannock County, Virginia. Page 720 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  4. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  5. Michael P. Musick, 6th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66.
  6. David F. Riggs, 7th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1982). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 3.
  7. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  8. Richard B. Kleese, 49th Virginia Infantry (Appomattox, Va.: H.E. Howard, 2002). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 138.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.