Republic County, Kansas Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Kansas Gotoarrow.png Republic County

Republic County, Kansas genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Kansas
Online Records

Republic County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Republic County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Location of Kansas in the U.S.
Founded February 27, 1860
County Seat Belleville
Photo courtesy [[]]
Address Republic County Courthouse
1815 M Street
Belleville, Kansas 66935
Phone: 785.527.5691

County Courthouse

Republic County Courthouse
1815 M St Rt 1
Bellevillew, KS 66935
Phone: 785.527.5691

Register of Deeds has land records.
Probate Court has probate records. [1]

When the county was officially organized in 1868, the governor named the town of Pleasant Hill as a temporary county seat. An 1869 election declared Belleville to be the permanent seat. Two subsequent elections failed to have it relocated.

In 1872, the first courthouse, a 24 by 50 foot wood frame structure was built in Belleville. It was replaced in 1885 by a larger brick and limestone building. This masonry courthouse was destroyed by a fire on 1 April 1938.

The current courthouse, which occupies an entire block, was dedicated on 18 December 1939. It is an example of the Art Deco style architecture popular among Kansas county courthouses of the early 20th century. Since 2002, the Republic County courthouse in Belleville has been listed on the National Register of Historic places.


Census Population
1870 1,281
1880 14,913
1890 19,002
1900 18,248
1910 17,447
1920 15,855
1930 14,745
1940 13,124
1950 11,478
1960 9,768
1970 8,498
1980 7,569
1990 6,482
2000 5,835
2010 4,980

Parent County

Republic County was created 27 February 1860 as an original county of what was, at the time, the Kansas Territory.[2] It remained a county when the territory became a state on 29 January 1861.[3] Until the county was formally organized on 23 March 1868, it was attached to neighboring counties "for judicial purposes".

  • From 22 May 1861 to 13 February 1865, it was attached to Marshall County.[4]
  • From 14 February 1865 to 1 March 1867, it was attached to Washington County.[5]
  • From 2 March 1867 to 22 March 1868, it was attached again to Marshall County.[6]

Boundary Changes

Republic County has not undergone any boundary changes since its creation in 1860.

Record Loss

Records from the 1890 Federal Census (including those from the special Veterans and Widows schedules) were lost in the 1921 warehouse fire. County records were probably lost during the 1938 courthouse fire.


Republic County is divided into 20 townships, each approximately 6 miles by 6 miles, except White Rock and Union townships, whose boundary is the Republican River.

T1S Big Bend Washington Liberty Rose Creek Albion
T2S White Rock Union Freedom Fairview Farmington
T3S Courtland Scandia Belleville Jefferson Richland
T4S Beaver Norway Lincoln Grant Elk Creek

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




  • Albion Township
    • Maple Grove Cemetery
  • Belleville
    • Belleville Cemetery
  • Belleville Township
    • Grace Hill Cemetery
    • Pleasant View Cemetery
  • Big Bend Township
    • Lake Cemetery
    • Rose Mound Cemetery
  • Courtland Township
    • Courtland Cemetery
  • Elk Creek Township
    • Willoughby Cemetery
  • Fairview Township
    • Saint Georges Cemetery
    • Saint Katherine Cemetery
    • Tabor Cemetery
  • Farmington Township
    • Farmington Cemetery
    • Mill Creek Cemetery
    • National Cemetery
  • Freedom Township
    • Saint Josaphats Cemetery
  • Grant Township
    • Rose Hill Cemetery
    • Union Cemetery
    • Zion Cemetery
  • Jefferson Township
    • Pleasant Hill Cemetery
  • Liberty Township
    • Liberty Cemetery
    • Stephenson Cemetery
  • Lincoln Township
    • Frontier Cemetery
  • Norway Township
    • Oakdale Cemetery
    • Pleasant Ridge Cemetery
    • Valley Cemetery
  • Richland Township
    • Hawks Cemetery
  • Rose Creek Township
    • Hubbell Cemetery
    • Rose Creek Cemetery
  • Scandia Township
    • Lutheran Cemetery
    • Poplar Grove Cemetery
    • Riverview Cemetery
  • Union Township
    • Prairie Rose Cemetery
  • Washington Township
    • Washington Cemetery
  • White Rock Township
    • Gritten Cemetery
    • Mount Pleasant Cemetery
    • Persinger Cemetery
    • White Rock Cemetery


Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Republic County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.



  • "The only soldiers from Republic county in the war of the rebellion were Ezra Spencey Cory, who enlisted at Ft. Riley as a private in Company C, 2nd Cavalry, August 27th, 1863, served a little more than a year, and died at Springfield, Missouri, March 9th 1864, and Wm. Harshberger, ...who on the 8th of April was commissioned by the President as second lieutenant in the 5th U.S. Volunteers." from A History of Republic County, Kansas `by I.O. Savage.


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Republic County, Kansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


The Belleville Public Library, with financial support from local patrons and The Belleville Telescope, has digitzed almost its entire collection of Republic County newspapers (and a few other periodicals) published from 1876 to 2005. This entire collection, comprising nearly 150,000 pages, can be searched, browsed, and saved free online at the Digital Archives of the Belleville Public Library.

Digitized Periodical Holdings
Title Place of
From To
Belleville Telescope Belleville 1876-04-066 April 1876 2005-12-2929 December 2005
Scandia Republic Scandia 1877-01-033 January 1877 1877-11-2828 November 1877
Republic County Journal Scandia 1878-01-099 January 1878 1892-02-1212 February 1892
Scandia Journal Scandia 1882-01-077 January 1882 2004-05-2727 May 2004
Republic County Independent Narka 1883-09-1313 September 1883 1883-12-1313 December 1883
Belleville Weekly Record Belleville 1883-10-055 October 1883 1883-10-05
Republic County Pilot Cuba 1885-03-2626 Mar 1885 1887-05-2626 May 1887
Republic County Chief Narka 1885-05-2222 May 1885 1886-11-1919 November 1886
Scandia Independent Narka 1886-12-1717 December 1886 1889-08-099 August 1889
Cuba Pilot Cuba 1887-06-033 June 1887 1888-10-1212 October 1888
Cuba Union Cuba 1888-08-3030 August 1888 1889-02-2222 February 1889
Cuba Daylight Cuba 1888-10-1919 October 1888 1922-12-2929 December 1922
Cuba Union Pilot Cuba 1889-03-088 March 1889 1890-04-2525 April 1890
Farmer's Alliance Cuba 1890-08-077 August 1890 1890-10-033 October 1890
Alliance Sun Cuba 1891-05-1414 May 1891 1891-10-2929 October 1891
Western Record Kackley 1893-04-011 April 1893 1893-09-1919 September 1893
Kackley Leader Kackley 1893-04-066 April 1893 1894-06-2222 June 1894
Evangelistic War Cry Kackley 1893-10-033 October 1893 1894-05-033 May 1894
Herald of Pentecost Kackley 1894-08-011 August 1894 1894-09-011 September 1894
Cuba Advocate Cuba 1897-10-2222 October 1897 1901-10-1111 October 1901
Belleville Freeman Belleville 1899-02-022 February 1899 1900-12-1313 December 1900
Cuba Record Cuba 1900-10-1212 October 1900 1900-12-1414 December 1900
Belleville Telescope
and Belleville Freeman
Belleville 1909-10-2222 October 1909 1923-02-011 February 1923
God's Messenger Elk 1914-09-1717 September 1914 1925-10-011 October 1925
Cuba Tribune Cuba 1923-11-2222 November 1923 1938-08-1818 August 1938
Pentecostal Holiness Faith
and God's Messenger
Oklahoma City,
1925-12-011 December 1925 1925-12-01
Scandia High News Narka 1935-10-044 October 1935 1940-12-1313 December 1940
Svenskens Rost Narka 1963-10-1313 October 1963 1964-10-2525 November 1964

The Kansas Historical Society has additional Republic County newspapers that may be borrowed on microfilm.


In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Republic and click Probate records.


Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Republic County, Kansas page 255, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 20 [1861]/pp. 126–128; Van Zandt, 138–139
  4. Kans. Laws 1861, 1st leg., ch. 23, sec. 1/p. 123
  5. Kans. Laws 1865, 5th leg., ch. 18/pp. 46–47
  6. Kans. Laws 1867, 7th leg., ch. 52, sec. 16/p. 89