Rhode Island History
The following important events in the history of Rhode Island affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:
1636: Religious dissenters from Massachusetts founded Providence. Settlements soon followed at Portsmouth, Newport, and Warwick. Each town kept deed, probate, and vital records.
1663: A royal charter created the United Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
1747: Rhode Island gained the towns of Bristol, Little Compton, Tiverton, and Warren from Massachusetts.
1790: Rhode Island was the last of the original thirteen colonies to ratify the Constitution and become a state.
1830s-1840s: As the factory system developed, thousands of foreign laborers began moving into Rhode Island.
1861-1865: During the Civil War, 25,000 men from Rhode Island served in the Union armed forces.
1862: Rhode Island gained the town of East Providence and part of the town of Pawtucket from Massachusetts. Massachusetts received Fall River, which earlier had been the northern part of Tiverton.
A helpful source for studying the history of Rhode Island is Edward Field, ed., State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations at the End of the Century, Three Volumes. (Boston, Massachusetts: Mason Publishing Co, 1902; Family History Library book 974.5 H2f; film 1033776; fiche 6046716).
A bibliography of local histories for Rhode Island is in Roger Parks, ed., Rhode Island: A Bibliography of Its History (Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 1983; Family History Library book 974.5 H23).