Literally translated the name comes from the Welsh: rhos "moor"; llannerch "glade"; grugog "heathery" hence "Moor of the Heathery Glade." It is often known simply as Rhos. With a population of approximately 10,000 the modern community of Rhosllannerchrugog is one of the largest in Wales.
The village was originally within the ancient parish of Ruabon and the district was referred to as Morton Above (i.e. Morton, or moor town, above Offa's Dyke) or Morton Wallichorum (the Welsh Morton). In 1844 Morton Above became part of the newly created parish of Rhosllannerchrugog.
The development of the village can be attributed largely to the coal seams of north-east Wales that pass beneath it, leading to the establishment of a large coal mining community during the 18th century. A symbol of Rhos' coal-mining heritage is seen in the "Stiwt", the miners' institute on Broad Street. This was erected and paid for by the miners, during the general strike of 1926, as a social and cultural centre for the community.
The Welsh Religious Revival of 1904 had a major impact on Rhosllannerchrugog. The famous bardic line Beibl a Rhaw i Bobl y Rhos (English: a Bible and a Spade for the People of Rhos) reflects the importance of both coal-mining and the chapels on the village's culture and heritage. The predominantly Welsh language churches and chapels impacted greatly on the linguistic and cultural profile of the area. One result of this is that although only nine miles from the English border and surrounded by English-speaking villages, Welsh is still spoken as a community language in Rhosllannerchrugog.
A weekly bilingual newspaper, the Rhos Herald, was founded by Richard Mills in 1894 in Hall Street. 3,737 issues were published from 18 August 1894 to 31 December 1966.
|pre 1536||Powys Fadog|
|1536 - 31 March 1974||Denbighshire|
|1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996||Clwyd|
|from 1 April 1996,||Wrexham|
The parish of Rhosllannerchrugog formed part of the Wrexham Registrar's District.
|1851||HO107/2503 folios 15 to 378|
|1861|| RG9/4280 folios f9 to end|
RG9/4283 folio 80
|1871|| RG10/5652 folios 17 to end|
RG10/5653 folio 189
|1881|| RG11/5512 folios 11 to end|
RG11/5514 folio 124
|1891|| RG12/4612 folios 8 to 179|
RG12/4613 folio 168
The following Rhosllannerchrugog Parish Registers have been deposited at the Denbighshire Records Office in Ruthin:
|Baptisms||1853 - 1906|
|Marriages:||1854 - 1930|
|Burials||1853 - 1920|
There are no official records available on the IGI for Rhosllannerchrugog parish.
Nonconformist Church Records
The following chapel records from Rhosllannerchrugog parish are available on the IGI:
|Bethlehem Independent Chapel ("Capel Bychan"), Rhosllannerchrugog||1810-1831||C101761|
|Jerusalem Calvinistic Methodist ("Capel Mawr"), Rhosllannerchrugog||1810-1837||C101871|
Births, marriages and deaths in Rhosllannerchrugog are recorded in the GRO indexes as:
|1 Jul 1837 - 1974||Ruabon||Wrexham|| XXVII (1837-51)|
Poor Law Union
The Wrexham Union was created on 30 March 1837 and the parish of Ruabon, and later Rhosllannerchrugog, formed part of this.
A workhouse was built at Croesnewydd in Bersham, Wrexham.
The records of the Wrexham Union are now held at Denbighshire Record Office in Ruthin.
- Hanes Rhosllannerchrugog ("The History of Rhosllannerchrugog") (1945) J. Rhosydd Williams
- Through These Windows, A Place and Its People (1981) Bill Portmadoc-Jones.
- Rhos-Llannerch-Rugog: Atgofion ("Memories of Rhosllannerchrugog") (1955) William Phillips (1880–1969)
- Rhosllannerchrugog, Johnstown, Ponciau, Pen-y-cae, a collection of pictures (2 volumes, 1991-92), Dennis W Gilpin