Rhosllannerchrugog, Wrexham

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Rhosllannerchrugog (occasionally written in English as Rhosllanerchrugog) is a village, community and ecclesiastical parish in the county borough of Wrexham, Wales.


Rhos sign.png

Literally translated the name comes from the Welsh: rhos "moor"; llannerch "glade"; grugog "heathery" hence "Moor of the Heathery Glade." It is often known simply as Rhos. With a population of approximately 10,000 the modern community of Rhosllannerchrugog is one of the largest in Wales.

The village was originally within the ancient parish of Ruabon and the district was referred to as Morton Above (i.e. Morton, or moor town, above Offa's Dyke) or Morton Wallichorum (the Welsh Morton). In 1844 Morton Above became part of the newly created parish of Rhosllannerchrugog.

The development of the village can be attributed largely to the coal seams of north-east Wales that pass beneath it, leading to the establishment of a large coal mining community during the 18th century. A symbol of Rhos' coal-mining heritage is seen in the "Stiwt", the miners' institute on Broad Street. This was erected and paid for by the miners, during the general strike of 1926, as a social and cultural centre for the community.

The Welsh Religious Revival of 1904 had a major impact on Rhosllannerchrugog. The famous bardic line Beibl a Rhaw i Bobl y Rhos (English: a Bible and a Spade for the People of Rhos) reflects the importance of both coal-mining and the chapels on the village's culture and heritage. The predominantly Welsh language churches and chapels impacted greatly on the linguistic and cultural profile of the area. One result of this is that although only nine miles from the English border and surrounded by English-speaking villages, Welsh is still spoken as a community language in Rhosllannerchrugog.

A weekly bilingual newspaper, the Rhos Herald, was founded by Richard Mills in 1894 in Hall Street. 3,737 issues were published from 18 August 1894 to 31 December 1966.


Years County
pre 1536 Powys Fadog
1536 - 31 March 1974 Denbighshire
1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996 Clwyd
from 1 April 1996, Wrexham

Census Records

The parish of Rhosllannerchrugog formed part of the Wrexham Registrar's District.

Year Parts
1841 missing
1851 HO107/2503 folios 15 to 378
1861 RG9/4280 folios f9 to end
RG9/4283 folio 80
1871 RG10/5652 folios 17 to end
RG10/5653 folio 189
1881 RG11/5512 folios 11 to end
RG11/5514 folio 124
1891 RG12/4612 folios 8 to 179
RG12/4613 folio 168

Church Records

The following Rhosllannerchrugog Parish Registers have been deposited at the Denbighshire Records Office in Ruthin:

Baptisms 1853 - 1906
Marriages: 1854 - 1930
Burials 1853 - 1920

There are no official records available on the IGI for Rhosllannerchrugog parish.

Nonconformist Church Records

The following chapel records from Rhosllannerchrugog parish are available on the IGI:

Chapel Years Batch Number
Bethlehem Independent Chapel ("Capel Bychan"), Rhosllannerchrugog 1810-1831 C101761
Jerusalem Calvinistic Methodist ("Capel Mawr"), Rhosllannerchrugog 1810-1837 C101871

Civil Records

Births, marriages and deaths in Rhosllannerchrugog are recorded in the GRO indexes as:

Years Sub-district District Volumes
1 Jul 1837 - 1974 Ruabon Wrexham XXVII (1837-51)
11b (1852-1946)
8A (1946-74)

Poor Law Union

The Wrexham Union was created on 30 March 1837 and the parish of Ruabon, and later Rhosllannerchrugog, formed part of this.

A workhouse was built at Croesnewydd in Bersham, Wrexham.

The records of the Wrexham Union are now held at Denbighshire Record Office in Ruthin.

See also


Ordnance Survey map if Rhosllannerchrugog

External links


  • Hanes Rhosllannerchrugog ("The History of Rhosllannerchrugog") (1945) J. Rhosydd Williams
  • Through These Windows, A Place and Its People (1981) Bill Portmadoc-Jones.
  • Rhos-Llannerch-Rugog: Atgofion ("Memories of Rhosllannerchrugog") (1955) William Phillips (1880–1969)
  • Rhosllannerchrugog, Johnstown, Ponciau, Pen-y-cae, a collection of pictures (2 volumes, 1991-92), Dennis W Gilpin

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