Richland County, Illinois Genealogy

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Richland County, Illinois
Boundary map of Richland County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: February 24, 1841
County Seat Olney
Richland County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Richland County Courthouse
103 W. Main Street
Olney, Illinois 62450
(618) 392-3111


United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Richland County

Richland County Organization

Richland County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Richland County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Richland County are kept, see the Richland County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Richland County is named for Richland County, Ohio which is where many of the settlers of this area originated.

Parent County

  • 1841--Richland County was created 24 February 1841 from Clay and Lawrence Counties.  County seat:  Olney [1]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Richland County boundary changes.

Record Loss

Places / Localities

To see a list of places in Richland County, click on [Show], in the bar above. The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.




Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • USGenWeb, Richland County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), cemetery location, by township


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990

Church Records


FamilySearch has made parish records from two Belleville Diocese Catholic churches in Richland County available online. The records include first communions, confirmations, marriages, and deaths:

Court Records

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.



Local Histories

  • Biographical and Reminiscent History of Richland, Clay and Marion Counties, Illinois. Indianapolis, Ind.: B.F. Bowen & Co., 1909. Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Internet Archive. FHL Film 825601

Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

1829-present The original land and property records for Richland County are held by the County Recorder. See the info box above for contact information. The following copies are available:



Civil War

Civil War service men from Richland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Richland County.

- 21st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K.
- 60th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 63rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies A, C, E, and I.
- 98th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, G and H.

World War II

USGenWeb, Richland County, Illinois, (ILGenWeb), WWII Honor List of Dead and Missing


Newspapers and Obituaries

Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information.


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Richland County are kept, see the Richland County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

There are over 4500 Family History Centers worldwide which serve as branch facilities of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.  Volunteers provide research assistance to help patrons identify their ancestors.  Microfilm and microfiche may be ordered from the FHL collection at a nominal cost.  Locate your nearest Family History Center at the FamilySearch website.  Call ahead to verify operating hours.  All are welcome.

The following centers are accessible to residents of Richland County, Illinois:

Centralia Illinois Family History Center
Leafland & 3rd Street
Centralia, Marion, Illinois
Phone: 618-532-3482
Hours: Wednesday 2-6pm
Attention: We have temporarily moved to this new location while our building is being remodeled.

Evansville Indiana Family History Center
8020 E Covert Ave
Evansville, Vanderburgh, Indiana
Phone: 812-471-0191
Hours: First Wednesday of every month 10:00 - 12:00, Tues & Wed evening 6:00 - 8:00; other times by appointment
Closed: Closed Major Holidays 

Vincennes Indiana Family History Center
1940 N Old Hwy 41
Vincennes, Knox, Indiana
Phone: 812-882-4022
Hours: T, Thu 9am-12:30pm, 5pm-8:30pm
Closed: Closed 1 1/2 weeks for Christmas

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Richland County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
Booth Library
Eastern Illinois University (EIU)
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.

Public Libraries

Social Groups Online


Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois has a page with details about its' activities.


Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.


1877–present  The original Richland County birth records 1877- present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1889-1905 Birth Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877-1916 Birth Record Index – IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records.
  • 1859-1904 Birth Record, Delayed - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records.


1841–present  The original Richland County marriage records 1841-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1841–1950 Marriage Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1841-1950 Marriage Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records.

The following abstracts are available:


1877–present  The original Richland County death records 1877-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1877–1950 Death Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877–2003 Death Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records.
  • 1884-1904 Death Record, Stillbirths - IRAD-EIU Search for Richland County records.

The following abstracts are available:

Web Sites

Databases pertinent to Richland County


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).