Rio Arriba County, New Mexico Genealogy
Guide to Rio Arriba County New Mexico genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Rio Arriba County, New Mexico|
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
|Founded||September 22, 1846|
|County Seat||Tierra Amarilla|
|Address|| Rio Arriba County Courthouse |
PO Box 158;
Tierra Amarilla, NM 87575
Rio Arriba County Website
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Family History Centers
- 7 Web Sites
- 8 References
- Until 1821 - New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
- In 1821 - Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
- 22 September 1846 - Rio Arriba County was created based on an old Mexican government partido as one of seven original New Mexico counties under the Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory. This code is named after General Stephen W. Kearny
- 1848 - New Mexico Territory formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
- 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Rio Arriba county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.   Residents that lived far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.
- 29 December 1863 - Arizona Territory created from the western half of New Mexico Territory. Rio Arriba county was reduced in size to the portion still within New Mexico Territory.
- 24 February 1887 - RIO ARRIBA county lost land to creation of SAN JUAN county.
See also Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona for further details.
- Archuleta County, Colorado
- Conejos County, Colorado
- Los Alamos, New Mexico
- Mora, New Mexico
- San Juan, New Mexico
- Sandoval, New Mexico
- Santa Fe, New Mexico
- Taos, New Mexico
Cemeteries in Rio Arriba county at Find A Grave
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page. The early population of New Mexico was generally both Spanish-speaking and Catholic. As such, the sacramental records of the towns and villages present an important avenue of research and may provide the names of several generations within one document. Catholic sacramental records (baptisms, marriages, and burials) are rich in vital record information and may prove a valuable alternative in cases where vital records are not available. The New Mexico Genealogical Society has published an online article titled, Locating Catholic Church Records in New Mexico, Rio Arriba County. This index of church records includes the parish, the location of the church, the missions included and microfilm dates and reference numbers in chart format. Some of the films are available in the Family History Library, and those that aren’t at the library have reel numbers found in the Santa Fe archives. 
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
If you wish to search the recorded land records of Rio Arriba county you must visit the County Clerk's Office at 7 Main Street, Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico or 1122 Industrial Park Road, Española, New Mexico.
Local histories are available for Rio Arriba County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.
Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.
See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.
The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.
Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.
New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.
Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office
Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court
Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.
Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
- Introduction to LDS Family History Centers
- Espanola New Mexico Family History Center
- Espanola, New Mexico.
- USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county. *Family History Library Catalog
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rio Arriba County, New Mexico page 474, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 7” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
- U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
- N.M. Terr. Laws 1887, 27th assy., ch. 13/p. 38