Difference between revisions of "Russia Genealogy"

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{{Russia-sidebar}}  
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{{Russia-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
<div style="width: 74%; float: right;">Russia is the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada, and has the world's eighth-largest population (149 million people). The Russian Federation spans&nbsp;nine time zones.
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| link1=[[Europe|Europe]]
Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).  
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| link2=
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| link3=
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| link4=
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| link5=[[Russia Genealogy|Russia]]}}
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__NOTOC__
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Guide to '''Russia ancestry, family history, and genealogy''': birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.  
  
Russia was an independent country for many centuries, then following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR),&nbsp; Russia is now known as&nbsp;the Russian Federation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.  
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==Getting Started ==
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{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
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|-
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| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-right: 15px;"|
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<h3>Getting Started with Russia Research</h3>
 +
Links to articles on getting started with Russia research.
 +
*[[Russia How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
 +
*[[Russia Research Tips and Strategies|Research Strategies]]
 +
*[[Russia Beginning Research|Beginning Russian Research]]
 +
*[[:File:Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire.pdf|Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire]]
 +
:[[Russia Genealogy#More Russia Research Strategies|''See More Research Strategies'']]
 +
 
 +
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
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<h3>Russia Research Tools</h3>
 +
Links to articles and websites that assist in Russia research.
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*[[Soviet Calendar|Calendar: Soviet]]
 +
*[[Russia Websites|Russia Websites]]
 +
*[[:File:Russian Word List.pdf|Word List]]
 +
*[http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Europe/Russia.pdf Russian Genealogical Word List and Resources by FHL]
 +
*[[:File:Old Church Slavonic Numbers, Dates, and Months by Matthew Bialawa.pdf|Reading Old Church Slavonic]]
 +
:[[Russia Genealogy#More Russia Research Tools|''See More Research Tools'']]
 +
|}
  
[[Image:Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg|thumb|center|500px|Russian Empire Jurisdictions.jpg]]  
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{{Click|Image:Russia ORP.png|Russia Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
  
Imperial Russia was divided into ''gubernias/provinces'', which were divided into ''uyezds/districts''. Soviet Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into ''oblasts/provinces'' which were and are divided into ''raions/districts''. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use ''krai'' instead of ''raion'' for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the Family History Library Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.
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==Country Information==
  
=== Jurisdictions  ===
+
Russia is a country in Eurasia bordered by [[Norway Genealogy|Norway]], [[Finland Genealogy |Finland]], [[Estonia Genealogy|Estonia]], [[Latvia Genealogy|Latvia]], [[Lithuania Genealogy |Lithuania]], [[Poland Genealogy|Poland]], [[Belarus Genealogy|Belarus]], [[Ukraine Genealogy|Ukraine]], [[Georgia (country) Genealogy|Georgia]], [[Azerbaijan Genealogy|Azerbaijan]], [[Kazakhstan Genealogy|Kazakhstan]], [[China Genealogy|China]], [[Mongolia Genealogy|Mongolia]], and [[North Korea Genealogy|North Korea]]. It was known as the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991. The official language is Russian.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Russia," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia, accessed 28 March 2016.</ref>
  
Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into '''gubernias''' or provinces. These were sub-divided into several '''uyezds''' or districts.
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== Russia Map ==
  
Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.  
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[[File:Russian Regions-EN.png|thumb|750px|center]]
  
Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.  
+
== Jurisdictions ==
 +
Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into governorates ('''gubernias''' or provinces). These were sub-divided into several '''uyezds''' or districts. Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into oblasts/provinces which were and are divided into raions/districts. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use krai instead of raion for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the FamilySearch Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.  
  
{| style="width: 99%; height: 100px" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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List of the governorates created in 1708:<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Administration divisions of Russia in 1708-1710," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,'' https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_Russia_in_1708%E2%80%931710, accessed 29 April 2016.</ref>
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{|
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
|  
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*[[Archangelgorod Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Archangelgorod (Архангелогородская)]]
*Oblasts:
+
*[[Azov Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Azov (Азовская)]]
**Amur (Blagoveshchensk)  
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| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
**Arkhangel'sk
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*[[Ingermanland Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Ingermanland (Ингерманландская)]]
**Astrakhan'
+
*[[Kazan Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Kazan (Казанская)]]
**Belgorod
+
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
**Bryansk
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*[[Kiev Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Kiev (Киевская)]]
**Chelyabinsk
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*[[Moscow Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Moscow (Московская)]]
**Irkutsk
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| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
**Ivanovo
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*[[Siberia Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Siberia (Сибирская)]]
**Kaliningrad
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*[[Smolensk Governorate, Russia Genealogy|Smolensk (Смоленская)]]
**Kaluga
+
|}
**Kemerovo
 
**Kirov
 
**Kostroma
 
**Kurgan
 
**Kursk
 
**Leningrad
 
**Lipetsk
 
**Magadan
 
**Moscow  
 
**Murmansk
 
**Nizhniy Novgorod
 
**Novgorod
 
**Novosibirsk
 
**Omsk
 
**Orenburg
 
**Orel
 
**Penza
 
**Pskov
 
**Rostov
 
**Ryazan'
 
**Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)  
 
**Samara
 
**Saratov
 
**Smolensk  
 
**Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)  
 
**Tambov
 
**Tomsk
 
**Tula
 
**Tver'
 
**Tyumen'
 
**Ul'yanovsk
 
**Vladimir
 
**Volgograd
 
**Vologda
 
**Voronezh
 
**Yaroslavl'
 
  
|
+
Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.
*Republics:
 
**Adygeya (Maykop)
 
**Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)  
 
**Bashkortostan (Ufa)
 
**Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)  
 
**Chechnya (Groznyy)
 
**Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
 
**Dagestan (Makhachkala)
 
**Ingushetiya (Magas)
 
**Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)  
 
**Kalmykiya (Elista)
 
**Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
 
**Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)  
 
**Khakasiya (Abakan)
 
**Komi (Syktyvkar)
 
**Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)
 
**Mordoviya (Saransk)
 
**North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)
 
**Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)  
 
**Tatarstan (Kazan')  
 
**Tyva (Kyzyl)
 
**Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)
 
  
*Autonomous Okrugs:
+
==== Oblasts ====
**Chukotka (Anadyr')
+
{|
**Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)
+
|-
**Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)  
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| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
**Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)
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*Amur (Blagoveshchensk)
 +
*[[Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Arkhangelsk]]
 +
*Astrakhan'  
 +
*[[Belgorod Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Belgorod]]
 +
*[[Bryansk Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Bryansk]]
 +
*Chelyabinsk
 +
*Irkutsk
 +
*[[Ivanovo Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Ivanovo]]
 +
*Kaliningrad
 +
*[[Kaluga Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Kaluga]]
 +
*Kemerovo
 +
*[[Kirov Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Kirov]]
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*[[Kostroma Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Kostroma]]
 +
*Kurgan
 +
*[[Kursk Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Kursk]]
 +
*[[Leningrad Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Leningrad]]
 +
*Lipetsk
 +
*Magadan
 +
*Moscow
 +
*[[Murmansk Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Murmansk]]
 +
*Nizhniy Novgorod
 +
*[[Novgorod Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Novgorod]]
 +
*Novosibirsk
 +
*Omsk
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Orenburg
 +
*Orel
 +
*[[Penza Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Penza]]
 +
*[[Pskov Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Pskov]]
 +
*[[Rostov Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Rostov]]
 +
*[[Ryazan Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Ryazan']]
 +
*Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)  
 +
*Samara
 +
*Saratov
 +
*[[Smolensk Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Smolensk]]
 +
*Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)  
 +
*[[Tambov Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Tambov]]
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Tomsk
 +
*[[Tula Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Tula]]
 +
*[[Tver Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Tver']]
 +
*Tyumen'
 +
*Ul'yanovsk
 +
*[[Vladimir Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Vladimir]]
 +
*Volgograd
 +
*[[Vologda Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Vologda]]
 +
*[[Voronezh Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Voronezh]]
 +
*[[Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia Genealogy|Yaroslavl']]
 +
|}
  
*Krays:  
+
==== Republics ====
**Altay (Barnaul)  
+
{|
**Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)  
+
|-
**Khabarovsk
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| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
**Krasnodar
+
*Adygeya (Maykop)
**Krasnoyarsk
+
*Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)  
**Perm'
+
*Bashkortostan (Ufa)
**Primorsk (Vladivostok)  
+
*Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)  
**Stavropol'  
+
*Chechnya (Groznyy)
**Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)
+
*Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Dagestan (Makhachkala)
 +
*Ingushetiya (Magas)
 +
*Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)
 +
*Kalmykiya (Elista)
 +
*Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
 +
*Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Khakasiya (Abakan)
 +
*Komi (Syktyvkar)
 +
*Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)
 +
*Mordoviya (Saransk)
 +
*North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)  
 +
*Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Tatarstan (Kazan')
 +
*Tyva (Kyzyl)
 +
*Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)
 +
|}
  
*Federal Cities:
+
==== Autonomous Okrugs ====
**Moscow (Moskva)  
+
*Chukotka (Anadyr')
**[[Saint Petersburg, Russia|Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg)]]
+
*Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)
 +
*Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)  
 +
*Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)
  
*Autonomous Oblast:  
+
==== Krays ====
**Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Altay (Barnaul)
 +
*Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)
 +
*Khabarovsk
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Krasnodar
 +
*Krasnoyarsk
 +
*Perm'
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*Primorsk (Vladivostok)
 +
*Stavropol'
 +
*Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)
  
 
|}
 
|}
  
Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)  
+
==== Federal Cities ====
 +
*Moscow (Moskva)  
 +
*[[Saint Petersburg, Russia|Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg)]]
  
=== Research Tools  ===
+
==== Autonomous Oblast ====
  
*[[Russia Beginning Research|Beginning Russian Research]]
+
*Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
*See tutorials on FamilySearch Learning Center for''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Russian Research] and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Reading Russian Handwritten Records]''
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Soviet_Calendar Calendar: Soviet]
 
*[[Emigration Records of Europe]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/2b/Finding_Places_in_the_Former_Russian_Empire.pdf Finding Places in the Former Russian Empire]
 
*[http://boxpis.ru/ boxpis.ru/]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/22/German_Collections_in_Russian_Archives.pdf German Collections in Russian Archives]
 
*Guide to reading [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/6/66/Old_Church_Slavonic_Numbers%2C_Dates%2C_and_Months_by_Matthew_Bialawa.pdf Old Church Slavonic]
 
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Russia.pdf Russian Genealogical Word List and Resources by BYU]*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/3/30/Russian_Empire_Genealogical_Primer.pdf Russian Empire Genealogical Primer]
 
*[[Russia Websites|Websites]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/8/86/Russian_Word_List.pdf Word List]
 
  
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:&nbsp;'''
+
Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)
  
*[[Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
==More Russia Research Strategies==
*[[Russia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first.  Below are additional research strategy Wiki articles for Russia.
*[[Russia, Lutheran Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Lutheran Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
+
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]  
*[[Russia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Class on Russian Research]
*[[Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Samara Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Russia, Tver Province Orthodox Confession Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
  
=== Featured Content ===
+
==More Russia Research Tools==
 
+
Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Russia.
(add text here)
+
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Russia%22 Class on Reading Russian Handwritten Records]
 +
*[[:File:Russian Empire Genealogical Primer.pdf|Russian Empire Genealogical Primer]]
 +
*[[:File:German Collections in Russian Archives.pdf|German Collections in Russian Archives]]
 +
*[http://www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php?title=%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F Russia ]
 +
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]]
 +
*[[Emigration Records of Europe]]
 +
*[http://boxpis.ru/ Archival Maps of Russia]
 +
*[http://pokolenia.permkrai.ru/ Perm Archives Database] includes birth, marriage, death records, revision lists.
  
== Help Wanted  ==
 
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:  
+
==FamilySearch Resources==
 +
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
 +
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/location/1927021?region=Russia Historical Records]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=russia Family History Center locator map]
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" style="color: black; font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 100%; background-color: white;" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
===Research Tutorials===
|-
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/landing?search=Getting%20Started&show=lessons&message=true '''Search page''']
|
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/360 '''Introduction to Russian Research''']
*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/422 '''Russian Germans in the North Caucasus''']
*[[How to Create an Article on FamilySearch Wiki|Create a new article]]  
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/382 '''On Eagle’s Wings: Records of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Republics''']
*[[Categorization|Categorize articles]]
+
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/424 '''The Volga German Settlements in Russia''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/346 '''Bessarabia Then and Now: Researching our ancestors and locating Helpful Resources''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/76 '''Reading Russian Handwritten Records''']
 +
**Lesson 1: The Russian Alphabet
 +
**Lesson 2: Russian Words and Dates
 +
**Lesson 3: Reading Russian Records
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/419 '''Russian Alphabet, Language and Handwriting '''] - Parts 1 and 2
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/80 '''Russian History, Geography, Records and Resources'''] - Parts 1 and 2
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/349 '''Co Kraj To Obyczaj: Records of the Polish Partitions''']
  
|
+
== References ==
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
+
<references />
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
+
{{H-langs|en=Russia|ru=Россия|es=Rusia - Genealogía}}
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Translation|Translate pages]]
 
  
|}
 
  
=== Related Content  ===
 
 
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]]
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]
 
*[http://www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php?title=%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F www.wiki.svrt.ru/index.php]
 
  
{{H-langs|en=Russia|ru=Россия}}
 
</div>
 
__NOTOC__
 
  
[[Category:Russia]][[Category:Soviet Union]]
+
[[Category:Russia]]

Latest revision as of 01:12, 20 July 2017

Russia Wiki Topics
Russian flag.jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
Russia Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Europe
Russia

Guide to Russia ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Getting Started

Getting Started with Russia Research

Links to articles on getting started with Russia research.

See More Research Strategies

Russia Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Russia research.

See More Research Tools


{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Country Information

Russia is a country in Eurasia bordered by NorwayFinlandEstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandBelarusUkraineGeorgiaAzerbaijanKazakhstanChinaMongolia, and North Korea. It was known as the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991. The official language is Russian.[1]

Russia Map

Russian Regions-EN.png

Jurisdictions

Imperial Russia (Russian Empire) before 1917 was divided into governorates (gubernias or provinces). These were sub-divided into several uyezds or districts. Russia and Ukraine and other former Soviet republics were, and are still, divided into oblasts/provinces which were and are divided into raions/districts. Peripheral areas like the Caucasus sometimes use krai instead of raion for district. It is generally good to know both the old and the new jurisdictions in which a smaller place is located, because currently the FamilySearch Catalog uses the new jurisdictions for Ukraine, but the old ones for Russia. Archives all over the former Soviet Union concentrate their holdings according to oblast borders. Old documents refer to the old jurisdictions, and most of our Russian and Ukrainian microfilms are from the old Imperial time.

List of the governorates created in 1708:[2]

Current administrative division consist of 46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast') as follows.Although retaining a lot of similarities, administrative-territorial division and regions boundaries undergo substantial changes during the 20th century, affecting the records storage sites.

Oblasts

Republics

  • Adygeya (Maykop)
  • Altay (Gorno-Altaysk)
  • Bashkortostan (Ufa)
  • Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude)
  • Chechnya (Groznyy)
  • Chuvashiya (Cheboksary)
  • Dagestan (Makhachkala)
  • Ingushetiya (Magas)
  • Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik)
  • Kalmykiya (Elista)
  • Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk)
  • Kareliya (Petrozavodsk)
  • Khakasiya (Abakan)
  • Komi (Syktyvkar)
  • Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola)
  • Mordoviya (Saransk)
  • North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz)
  • Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk)
  • Tatarstan (Kazan')
  • Tyva (Kyzyl)
  • Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)

Autonomous Okrugs

  • Chukotka (Anadyr')
  • Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk)
  • Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar)
  • Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)

Krays

  • Altay (Barnaul)
  • Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy)
  • Khabarovsk
  • Krasnodar
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Perm'
  • Primorsk (Vladivostok)
  • Stavropol'
  • Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)

Federal Cities

Autonomous Oblast

  • Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)

Note: Administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

More Russia Research Strategies

Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy Wiki articles for Russia.

More Russia Research Tools

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Russia.


FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

Research Tutorials

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Russia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia, accessed 28 March 2016.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Administration divisions of Russia in 1708-1710," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_Russia_in_1708%E2%80%931710, accessed 29 April 2016.