Difference between revisions of "Santa Ana County, New Mexico Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Santa_Ana_County,_New_Mexico|Santa Ana County]]'' <br>  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Santa_Ana_County,_New_Mexico|Santa Ana County]]'' <br>  
  
[[Image:{{NMSaAn1852}}]]  
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[[Image:{{NMSaAn1852}}]] __TOC__
  
'''Santa Ana County''' was created as an original county of [[New Mexico]] Territory in 1852 from an old Mexican ''partido''. In theory it extended west to the [[California]] border including parts of [[Arizona]] and later [[Nevada]]. Arizona Territory was carved out of the western part of New Mexico including part of this county on 29 December 1863. The remaining Santa Ana county in New Mexico was discontinued and absorbed by [[Bernalillo County, New Mexico|Bernalillo County]] in 1876.  
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==== Parent County  ====
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*Up until '''1821''' -&nbsp; [[New Spain]] controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an [http://www.mcu.es/archivos/MC/AGI/index.html archives] in Seville, Spain, or to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City. <br>
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*From 1821 until '''1846''' -&nbsp;[[Mexico]] had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to [[Mexico Archives and Libraries|archives]] in Mexico City. <br>
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*'''22 September 1846 - Santa Ana County was created''' based on an old Mexican government ''partido&nbsp;'' as one of seven original New Mexico counties under General {{wpd|Stephen W. Kearny}}'s '''''{{wpd|Kearny Code}}''''' of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.<ref>"Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 6” ''Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846'' (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=384 Digital online edition].</ref> It formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican War ended in 1848 with the signing of the {{wpd|Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo}}.<br>
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
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*9 January '''1852''' - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Santa Ana county was extended west to the California border including land in present day [[Arizona]] and [[Nevada]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291</ref> <ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. {{WorldCat|69672637|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref> There is a small chance that a few records from 1846 to 1963 in what is now Arizona '''''may&nbsp;''''' have been sent to courthouses in their respective New Mexico counties. <br>
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*29 December '''1863''' [[Arizona]]'s three judicial districts were established by the ''Arizona Territory Organic Act&nbsp;'' from the western half of [[New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="AZ1">Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).</ref> All previous counties were dissolved, and eventually four new counties were created in the new Arizona Territory.
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==== County Seat  ====
  
 
The first county seat was [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Defiance,_Arizona Fort Defiance] just west of the current Arizona-New Mexico border. For 1847 to 1863 it was part of Judicial District 1, and thereafter Judicial District 2.  
 
The first county seat was [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Defiance,_Arizona Fort Defiance] just west of the current Arizona-New Mexico border. For 1847 to 1863 it was part of Judicial District 1, and thereafter Judicial District 2.  

Revision as of 01:00, 11 September 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Santa Ana County

Santa Ana and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.

Parent County

  • Up until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • From 1821 until 1846Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 22 September 1846 - Santa Ana County was created based on an old Mexican government partido  as one of seven original New Mexico counties under General Stephen W. Kearny's Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.[1] It formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican War ended in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Boundary Changes

  • 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Santa Ana county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.[2] [3] [4] There is a small chance that a few records from 1846 to 1963 in what is now Arizona may  have been sent to courthouses in their respective New Mexico counties.
  • 29 December 1863 Arizona's three judicial districts were established by the Arizona Territory Organic Act  from the western half of New Mexico Territory.[5] All previous counties were dissolved, and eventually four new counties were created in the new Arizona Territory.

County Seat

The first county seat was Fort Defiance just west of the current Arizona-New Mexico border. For 1847 to 1863 it was part of Judicial District 1, and thereafter Judicial District 2.

For Santa Ana County records, see Bernalillo County, New Mexico.

References

  1. "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 6” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
  2. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  3. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  4. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).