Canada, Published Census Records (BC, AB, MB, SK, ON) (National Institute)

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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course Canadian Census Part 1 and Part 2  by Doris Bourrie, CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).


The researcher is advised to contact the provincial archives and local genealogical society for any holdings of census records for their particular area. As previously noted, many of the early records were made in order to levy taxes, and those that have survived may have been preserved with municipal records.

Some records have been published, either in whole or in part, and may be more easily consulted in the printed format. Some may have been indexed by local genealogical societies, and some may be in the form of a searchable database on the Internet. Every effort should be made to ensure that you have located all possible census records for your area of interest.

As the original microfilmed census records held by Library and Archives Canada are the best original source, no effort has been made to list all published transcriptions from these original records. By consulting the local genealogical society or library, and/or the Family History Library Locality Index the researcher will be able to determine what published records might be of interest.

A bibliography of specialized publications covering very early records, or compilations of records for a specific purpose that may be of special interest, have been included by province.

British Columbia

  • 1877 Indian Reserve Commission (IRC) census data taken to determine land requirements of the Indian people to assign Indian reserves.
  • 1877 nominal census of Native peoples taken by the Catholic missionary order, Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI), taken for church purposes.
  • Please see Living Landscapes. This is a partnership project between the Royal British Columbia Museum and Okanagan University College. They provide access to information and database searches for portions of the 1881 census; portions of the 1891 census; the 1877 IRC (Indian Reserve Commission) Census and the 1877 OMI (Oblates of Mary Immaculate) Census.
  • Eker, Glen.Jewish Residents of Western Canada in the 1870-1901 Censuses of Canada. Bergenfield, NJ: Avotaynu Inc., 1994.

Alberta

  • Obee, David. Lethbridge 1891: Including an index to the census, an index of donors to Springhill, a list of students. Calgary, Alberta, 1989. Available on microfiche at the Family History Library.

Manitoba

  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Western Canada in the 1870-1901 Censuses of Canada. Bergenfield, NJ: Avotaynu Inc., 1994.
  • Haase, Chantal.  Alphabetical Listing of Portions of the Census for the Western Section of Algoma District 1891 Census. Sault Set. Marie, Ontario: Sault and District Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1995.
  • Hudson’s Bay Company.  Manitoba census records, 1831-1870. Ottawa, Ontario: Central Microfilm Unit, Public Archives of Canada, 1964. Hudson’s Bay Company Censuses 1827-1856. Available on microfilm at Library and Archives Canada and the Family History Library.
  • Jonasson, Eric.Surname Index to the 1870 Census of Manitoba and Red River. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Wheatfield Press, 1981.
  • Morin, Gail and Hudson’s Bay Company. Censuses of the Red River Settlement: An Index to the Censuses for the Years 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833, 1835, 1838, 1840 and 1843. Pawtucket, Rhode Island: Quintin Publications, c1998. Available on microfilm at Library and Archives Canada and the Family History Library.
  • Provincial Archives of Manitoba and Hudson’s Bay Company. Red River Settlement and province of Manitoba typed card index to the nominal census returns, 1832-1870. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1985. Available on microfilm at the Provincial Archives of Manitoba and Family History Library.

Saskatchewan

  • Eker, Glen.Jewish Residents of Western Canada in the 1870-1901 Censuses of Canada. Bergenfield, NJ: Avotaynu Inc., 1994.
  • Lapshinoff, Steve. List of Doukhobors Living in Saskatchewan in 1905. Crescent Valley B.C., S. Lapshinoff, 1996.

Ontario

  • Beettam, Margaret. Gore District Census and Assessment 1816-1850: Research Aid: An Index to Resources at the Archives of Ontario. Halton-Peel Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1990.
  • Beettam, Margaret.Newcastle District Census and Assessment 1803-1850. Research Aid: An Index to Resources at the Archives of Ontario. Halton-Peel Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1990.
  • Beettam, Margaret. Ottawa District Census and Assessment 1822-1850: Research Aid: An Index to Resources at the Archives of Ontario. Halton-Peel Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1990.
  • Blackburn, Helen and Judith A. Mitton. 1871 Kent County Death Census. Kent County Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1980.
  • Browne, David J. Combined Census Records for the Four Townships on the Rideau River, Grenville County, Ontario: Includes: Wolford, Oxford, Montague and Marlborough-1813, Montague and Marlborough-1820, 1822 and 1824, Montague-1825, Oxford-1821, 1822, 1823, 1824, 1825, 1840 & 1848, Wolford-1840. Leeds and Grenville Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1992.
  • Canada, Board of Registration and Statistics.Census of Parts of Ontario, 1848. Includes all or part of Huron, Middlesex and Perth Counties. Available on microfilm at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario and the Family History Library.
  • Canada, Board of Registration and Statistics. Census of Parts of Ontario, 1850. Includes all or part of present day Bruce, Huron, Middlesex and Perth Counties. Available on microfilm at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario and the Family History Library.
  • Canada, Board of Registration and Statistics. Census of the Canadas 1851-2. Québec: J. Lovel 1853-55. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Crowder, Norman K.Early Ottawa Valley Records. Ottawa Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society 1988.
  • Crowder, Norman K. Guide to the 1851 Census of Canada West: Renfrew County. Nepean, Ontario: Crowder Enterprises, 1987. Includes 1851 agricultural and personal census, names arranged alphabetically within each census.
  • Eker, Glen. Index to Amish and Mennonite Residents of Waterloo North and Waterloo South Counties in the Province of Ontario in the 1901 Census of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1994.
  • Eker, Glen. Index to Jewish Residents in the 1851 and 1861 Censuses of Upper Canada and the 1861 Census of Lower Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1996.
  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Greater Ontario and Quebec Province Excluding Greater Toronto, Montreal and Quebec city in the 1871-1901 Censuses of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1994. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Eker, Glen.Jewish Residents of Toronto in the 1861-1901 Censuses of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1993.
  • Elliott, Bruce S. 1842 and 1851 Census of Renfrew County, C. W. Ottawa Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1983.
  • Leeds and Grenville Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. Elizabethtown Ontario census 1796. Leeds and Grenville Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1994.
  • Livingston, Mildred R. Lanark Perth and Richmond: Military Settlements. 2 volumes. Prescott, Ontario: Livingston, 1987.
  • Meyers, Carol M. Canada West Census, 1851: Welland County. Saugus, California: Ram Publishers, 1969.
  • Miller, J.R. Ernest. 1842 Census for Bathurst, Beckwith, Dalhousie, Darling, Drummond, N. and S. Sherbrooke: Extracted from Microfilm by Robert E. Sargeant. Kingston Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society.
  • Miller, J.R. Ernest and Robert E. Sargeant.Early Settlers to the Bathurst District Arriving Prior to 1822. Kingston Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 1988.
  • Mosser, Christine. York, Upper Canada Minutes of Town Meetings and Lists of Inhabitants, 1797-1823. Toronto: Metropolitan Toronto Library Board, 1984.
  • Mutrie, R. Robert. An 1805 Census of Norfolk County, Upper Canada. Ridgeway, Ontario: Log Cabin Publications, c1996. Niagara District. Niagara District Census & Assessment [for 1828]: Including Counties of Lincoln, Welland and Haldimand. Available on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario and the Family History Library.
  • Ontario Department of Agriculture. “The People of Adolphustown”. Appendix to the Report of the Ontario Bureau of Industries, 1897. Toronto: Warwick Bro’s and Rutter, 1899. Page 27. See the tables “A Return of the Inhabitants of Adolphustown” from 1794 to 1822 which includes the names of head of household, as well as number of males and females in the household.
  • Riedstra, Lutzen. Deaths Recorded in the Perth County 1871 Census. Stratford, Ontario: Perth County Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society. 1986.

Québec

  • Census of Seigneuries of Contrecoeur, St. Ours, Verchères, LaValtrie, Chambly, and Fort St. Louis; 1681, 1885-86, 1890, 1895, 1898. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Originals in possession of Le Presbytère de Ste. Trinité de Contrecoeur, Contrecoeur, Québec.
  • Charbonneau, Hubert and Jacques Legaré. Répertoire des Actes de Baptême, Mariage, Sépulture et Des Recensements du Québec Ancien. 47 volumes. Montréal: Les Presses de L’Université de Montréal, 1980-1988. Census records 1666, 1667, 1681 and Census of Mont-Louis 1699 in volume 6.
  • Eker, Glen. Index to Jewish Residents in the 1851 and 1861 Censuses of Upper Canada and the 1861 Census of Lower Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1996. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Greater Ontario and Quebec Province Excluding Greater Toronto, Montreal and Quebec city in the 1871-1901 Censuses of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1994. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Montreal and Quebec City in the 1871-1901 Censuses of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1993. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Hamel, Brigitte. Recensement de la paroisse de ... [Various parish census records for the 19th Century churches of the Diocèse of Trois-Rivières.] Trois-Rivières, Québec: Archives de l’Évêché, c1990. There are over 50 titles in this collection. Search the Family History Library Catalogue for the author to view the complete listings.
  • Lafontaine, André.Recensement annoté de la Nouvelle-France, 1681. [1681 annotated census for New France, with Index.] Sherbrooke, Québec: A. Lafontaine, 1981.
  • Lafontaine, André. Recensements annotés de la Nouvelle-France 1666 & 1667. [1666 and 1667 annotated census for New France, with Index.] Sherbrooke, Québec: A. Lafontaine, 1985.
  • Lafontaine, André. Recensements annotés de la ville de Québec, 1716 & 1744. [Annotated census Québec City, 1716 and 1744.] Sherbrooke, Québec: A. Lafontaine, 1983.
  • Nouvelle-France. Recensements: 1666-1681. Ottawa, Ontario: Service Central du Microfilm, Archives Publiques du Canada, 1966. Available on microfilm at Library and Archives Canada and the Family History Library.
  • Nouvelle France, Gouverneur-Général. Recensements, 1762-1779. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmés par la Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. Census and Lists of Refugees for Québec, St. Pierre et Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) and Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island). Available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Originals in possession of Archives nationales, Section Outre-Mer, Paris.
  • Perrault, Claude.Montréal en 1825. Montréal, Québec: Groupe d’ Études Gen-Histo Inc., 1977. 1825 census Island of Montréal, with maps and index. From the original manuscript dated 1825; Jacques Viger and Louis Guy, Denombrement du Comté de Montréal.
  • Presbyterian Church, Montréal, Québec. Register of the parish of Montreal, 1766-1787. Ottawa, Ontario: Public Archives of Canada, 1967. List of Protestants in the District of Montréal, from the Census of 1765. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Recensements du Québec. 198?. Family History Center Microfiche Project. Available on microfiche at the Family History Library.
  • Roy, Antoine and Archives du Québec. Aveu et denombrement de Montréal. Québec: Les Archives, 1943. Census of Montréal Island including HF and streets.
  • Roy, Pierre-Georges.Papier Terrier de la Compagnie des Indes Occidentales, 1667-1668. Beauceville, Québec: L’Éclaireur, 1931. Transcription of land records which include names of seigneurs and the inhabitants of seigneuries.
  • Signaÿ, Joseph. Recensement de la ville de Québec en 1818. [1818 census, city of Québec.] Québec, Québec: Société Historique de Québec. 1976. Cahiers d’histoire #29.

New Brunswick

  • Eker, Glen.Jewish Residents of the Maritime Provinces 1871-1901 Census of Canada. Teaneck, NJ: Distributed by Avotaynu Inc., 1995.
  • Eker, Glen and Deborah Pekilis.Jewish Residents of the Maritime Provinces 1871-1901 Census of Canada. Teaneck, NJ: Distributed by Avotaynu Inc., 1995.
  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Maritimes in the 1891 Census of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1994.
  • Eker, Glen and Deborah Pekilis.Jewish Residents of Maritimes in 1901 Census of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: Teaneck, NJ: Avotaynu, Inc., 1993.
  • Toner, P.M. An Index to Irish Immigrants in the New Brunswick Census of 1851. Fredericton, NB: Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, c1991.
  • Trahan, Charles C. Acadien Census 1671-1752. [Translated.] Rayne, LA: Hebert Publishing, c1994.

Nova Scotia

  • Census Records and Poll Tax Rolls for Nova Scotia, 1770-1838. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983. Available on microfilm at the Public Archives of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Nova Scotia and the Family History Library. Eker, Glen and Deborah Pekilis. Jewish Residents of the Maritime Provinces 1871-1901 Census of Canada. Teaneck, NJ: Distributed by Avotaynu Inc., 1995.
  • Eker, Glen.Jewish Residents of Maritimes in the 1891 Census of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1994.
  • Jackson, Ronald Vern.1770-1787, Nova Scotia. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, Inc., c1986.
  • Jackson, Ronald Vern.1851 Nova Scotia. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, Inc., c1986.
  • Toner, P.M. An Index to Irish Immigrants in the New Brunswick Census of 1851. Fredericton, NB: Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, c1991.

Prince Edward Island

  • Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.Abstract of Census of Population and Other Statistical Returns of Prince Edward Island, taken in the year 1848. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service, 1990. Original published Charlottetown: J.D. Haszard, 1849. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Blanchard, Joseph-Henri. Histoire des Acadiens de l’Île du Prince-Edouard. Society Saint-Thomas d’Acquin, 1976. History of Acadiens of Prince Edward Island, includes census 1728 and 1798.
  • Campbell, Duncan. History of Prince Edward Island. Charlottetown, PEI: Bremner Bros. 1875. Includes census of inhabitants of Island of Saint John, now PEI, taken April, 1798.
  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Maritimes in the 1891 Census of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: G. Eker, 1994.
  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of the Maritime Provinces 1871-1901 Census of Canada. Teaneck, NJ: Distributed by Avotaynu Inc., 1995.
  • Eker, Glen and Deborah Pekilis. Jewish Residents of Maritimes in 1901 Census of Canada. Guelph, Ontario: Teaneck, NJ: Avotaynu, Inc., 1993.
  • Eker, Glen and Deborah Pekilis.Jewish Residents of the Maritime Provinces 1871-1901 Census of Canada. Teaneck, NJ: Distributed by Avotaynu Inc., 1995.
  • France, Archives d’Outre-Mer. Inventaires des Recensements des Colonies Françaises, 1664-1818. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972.  Collection of census, land grants and other documents: d’Acadie 1671-1755; Ile St. Jean 1728-1758; Ile Royal 1713-1790; Emigrés d’Acadie 1760-1804. Recensements des colonies françaises. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Nouvelle France, Gouverneur-Général. Recensements, 1762-1779. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmés par la Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. Census and Lists of Refugees for Québec, St. Pierre et Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) and Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island). Available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Originals in possession of Archives nationales, Section Outre-Mer, Paris.
  • Trahan, Charles C.Acadien Census 1671-1752. [Translated.] Rayne, LA: Hebert Publishing, c1994.

Newfoundland

  • Early census records of St. John’s Harbour, Newfoundland. 1677, 1794-1795, 1796-1797, 1801-1802. 1970. Available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
  • Nouvelle France, Gouverneur-Général. Recensements, 1762-1779. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmés par la Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. Census and Lists of Refugees for Québec, St. Pierre et Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) and Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island). Available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Originals in possession of Archives nationales, Section Outre-Mer, Paris.
  • Power, Catherine P. Registry of Fishing Rooms in Bonavista Bay, 1805-06. Gloverton, Newfoundland: Gloverton Literary Creations, 1991.

Northwest Territories & Yukon

  • Eker, Glen. Jewish Residents of Western Canada in the 1870-1901 Censuses of Canada. Bergenfield, NJ: Avotaynu Inc., 1994.


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Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course Canadian Census Part 1 and Part 2 offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com

We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.