South Carolina History
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United States South Carolina History
Online Resources For African Americans
- County and Town Histories
- South Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872, images/no index
- UPSTATE S.C. BLACK HERITAGE RESEARCHING
- Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware
- "Other Free" Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census by County
- "Other Free" Heads of Household in the 1800 South Carolina Census, by County/ District
- "Other Free" Heads of Household in the 1810 South Carolina Census, by family name
- Free Blacks and Mulattos in South Carolina 1850 Census, index ($)
- Low Country Africana: South Carolina Slaveholders, A-M, index, N-Z
- WPA Federal Writers' Project Materials on African American Life in South Carolina
- South Carolina's African American Confederate pensioners, 1923-1925, e-book
- Black Slave Owners; Free Black Slave Masters in South Carolina, 1790-1860, e-book
- AFRICAN AMERICAN OBITUARIES, FUNERAL PROGRAMS AND CEMETERY RECORDS, index
- AFRICAN AMERICAN MARRIAGE RECORDS DATABASE, index
- Voyages: The Transatlantic Slave Trave Database
The following important events affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements in South Carolina:
- 1670: The first permanent English settlement was made at Albemarle Point (Charles Town).
- 1713-1719: The South Carolina region separated from North Carolina and became a royal colony. Records were kept in Charleston.
- 1730: Settlers began to move into the interior when the colonial government provided incentives for landowners in new townships.
- 1760-1761: The Cherokee War ended in a treaty that opened the up country for settlement. The Bounty Act of 1761 offered public land tax free for ten years, and settlers from other colonies began pouring into the up country.
- 1769: Nine original judicial districts were established, but records continued to be kept in Charleston until 1780.
- 1788: South Carolina became a state. The state government was moved from Charleston to Columbia in 1790, although some functions remained at Charleston until after the Civil War.
- 1790: Census 107,094 Slaves
- 1830-1840: Overseas immigration to South Carolina, which had begun to decline about 1815, virtually ceased in this decade.
- 1860: South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. The Civil War began there in 1861. About 63,000 men from the state served in the Confederate armed forces.
- 1860: Census 402,406 slaves and 10,002 fre African Americans
- 1868: South Carolina was readmitted to the Union. Districts were now called counties.
- 1898: Over 300,000 men were involved in the Spanish-American War which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
- 1910-1920 Great Migration of African Americans to the north over 240,000
- 1917–1918: More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. World War I over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
- 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
- 1940–1945: Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.
- 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War.
- 1950's–1960's The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances.
- 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War.
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "History" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of South Carolina.
- Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H23bi
- Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. WorldCat 315166; FHL book 973 A3ka
In the 1770s, American naturalist William Bartram kept an interesting account of his travels through South Carolina:
- Bartram, William. Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Territories of the Muscogulges or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Choctaws. (Philadelphia and London, 1791-1792.) FHL book 921.73 B286b. Digital version at Google Books.
State Histories Useful to Genealogists
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name.
- South Carolina: A Short History 1520-1948 is an especially helpful source for studying the history of South Carolina.
Wallace, David Duncan, South Carolina: A Short History 1520-1948 (Columbia, South Carolina,: University of South Carolina Press, 1951) FHL book 975.7 H2ws
United States History
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:
- Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2almThis book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
- Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2adIncludes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
- Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H2v Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
- American Historical Association, Writings on American History (Washington, D.C.:American Historical Association,1960-1960) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H23wFull text available at Google Books
Draper Manuscript Collection. Look for South Carolina ancestors 1740-1830 in the Draper Manuscript Collection. These manuscripts cover the history of the "trans-Allegheny West," a region including the west Carolinas and Virginia, all the Ohio River Valley, and part of the upper Mississippi Valley. There are 491 volumes of partially-indexed manuscripts, papers, and books.
Family History Library
To find more books and articles about South Carolina 's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "South Carolina history." FamilySearch Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:
- SOUTH CAROLINA - HISTORY
- SOUTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
- SOUTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
- Brief History of South Carolina
- South Carolina – History and Genealogy Resources
- History of South Carolina -Wikipedia