South Dakota Census
Available and Lost Census Schedules
|South Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900): Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules|
|Exact Date||Population Schedules||Veterans/ Pensioners||Slave Owners||Mortality||Agricultural||Industrial/ Manufacturers||Defective||Indian|
|1940 Apr 1||Public release in 2012||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1930 Apr 1||Exist||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1920 Jan 1||Exist||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1910 Apr 15||Exist||-||-||-||-||-||-||Exist|
|1900 Jun 1||Exist||-||-||-||-||-||-||Exist|
|1890 Jun 2||Lost, except 1 family in Union County||Exist||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1885 Jun 1||Partial||Exist||-||Exist||Exist||Exist||-||-|
|1880 Jun 1||Exist||-||-||Exist||Exist||Exist||Exist||-|
|1870 Jun 1||Exist||-||-||Lost||Lost||Lost||-||-|
|1860 Jun 1||Exist||-||-||Exist||Lost||Lost||-||-|
Sources and Notes
- Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed. (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 39.
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 306-13.
- William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 104.
- Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules.
- Census population schedules exist for less than half the 1885 Dakota Territory counties, and of these 20 are in South Dakota: Beadle, Butte, Charles Mix, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Hand, Hanson, Hutchinson, Hyde, Lake, Lincoln, Marshall, McPherson, Moody, Roberts, Sanborn, Spink, Stanley, and Turner counties.
- People living in what is now South Dakota in 1860 were enumerated in (1) the "unorganized" part of the Dakota Territory census east of the Missouri River, together with several forts on the west shore of the Missouri River, and (2) Ft. Randall (now Gregory County) was enumerated as part of the "unorganized country" of the Nebraska Territory census west of the Missouri River.
1860 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.
1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
1890--Census was destroyed. The 1890 veterans schedule and index are available at the Family History Library and at the National Archives.
1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
1900-1930--The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses for South Dakota.
Many of the federal census records are found at the Family History Library and the National Archives and other federal and state archives.
1861--Congress created Dakota Territory, which included all of present-day North and South Dakota, Montana, and northern Wyoming. The first counties were established in southeastern Dakota in 1862. The creation of Montana Territory in 1864 and Wyoming Territory in 1868 reduced Dakota Territory to the area included in the two Dakotas of today.
1889--South Dakota was separated from North Dakota and became a state.
A statewide soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for the 1900 and 1920 censuses. Indexes are available at the South Dakota State Historical Society. Indexes to the federal censuses of the Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and Dakota territories have been published in book and fiche format for 1836, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. A partial soundex (phonetic) index is also available on microfilm for the 1880 census of Dakota Territory.
Native American Census
See Indians of South Dakota for information on tribal census reports.
State Censuses exist for the following years:
1885--Dakota Territory. Indexed at: http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/ndirs/databases/census.php
1895--Partial Census. Most of the census was destroyed.
1905, 1915, 1925, 1935, and 1945--Unique information includes:
- Ethnic Background
- Maiden Name
- Church Affiliation
- Military Service
1905 state census with images can be viewed free at FamilySearch Record Search
1915 state census with images can be viewed free at FamilySearch Record Search
1925 state census with images can be viewed free at FamilySearch Record Search
1836--South Dakota was included in the WisconsinTerritorial Census.
1840--South Dakota was included in the Iowa Territorial Census.
1850--South Dakota was included in the Minnesota (Pembina District) Territorial Census.
1860-1880-- Dakota territorial censuses.
The territorial and state censuses are at the South Dakota State Historical Society.
Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com
Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/SD/
Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/sd/census.html
Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/southdakota.htm
National Archives: http://search.archives.gov/query.html?
South Dakota Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.