Difference between revisions of "Spain, Catastro de Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (image has the translation)
m (How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?)
 
(60 intermediate revisions by 31 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
''[[Spain Genealogy|Spain]]'' 
|CID=CID1851392
 
|location=Spain
 
|title=Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756}}
 
 
 
== Title in the Language of the Records  ==
 
 
 
This Collection will include records from 1749 to 1756.
 
  
'''Catastro del Marqués de la Ensenada, España''' [[Image:Churches of the Assumption in Cueva de Ágreda, Soria, Castile and León, Spain.JPG|left|300x350px|Churches of the Assumption in Cueva de Ágreda, Soria, Castile and León, Spain.JPG]] [[Image:Provinces Crown of Castile 1590 svg.png|right|300x300px|Provinces Crown of Castile 1590 svg.png]]  
+
{{Spain HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1851392
 +
| title=Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756
 +
| location= Spain
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| loc_map = 
 +
| record_type = Census
 +
| start_year = 1749
 +
| end_year = 1756
 +
| language = [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 Spanish]  Castilian
 +
| title_language = España, Catastro de Ensenada
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 Reading Spanish handwritten records]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Spain Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Spain Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Spain Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Spain Catholic Church Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[Spain Online Genealogy Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://pares.mcu.es/Catastro/ PARES Catastro de Ensenada]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://catastrodeensenada.larioja.org/archivo.html Catastro de Ensenada of La Rioja]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Europe/Spain.pdf Spain Research Outline]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| Current_LOC = Spain
 +
| custodian = [http://pares.mcu.es/Catastro/ Portal de Archivos Españoles]
 +
}}
 +
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
These are census records of the Spanish regions of Andalucía, Asturias, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, and Murcia. The cadastre registers have been well-preserved. The cadastre generally includes information about the land, the income, the ownership, the assets, the head of household, and the heirs. The text is handwritten in Spanish.  
+
These are census records of the Spanish regions of Andalucía, Asturias, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, and Murcia. The cadastre registers have been well-preserved. The cadastre generally includes information about the land, the income, the ownership, the assets, the head of household, and the heirs.  
  
The cadastre was divided into sections called: Memoriales (Memorials), Respuestas Generales (General Answers), Respuestas Particulares (Personal Answers), Libro de lo Real (Book of Real Estate), Libro de lo Personal o de Cabezas de Casa (Book of Personal Information or Heads of Household), Estados o Resúmenes (Quantitative Summaries). This cadastre is in the form of a register and includes the quantity, value, and ownership of real estate used in apportioning taxes. The Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada includes a description of the properties and the population—both the secular and ecclesiastical—throughout the 22 provinces of the Old Crown of Castile, which occupied 70% of the territory of modern-day Spain. This cadastre is known in Spanish as the “Catastro del Marqués de la Ensenada” and was conducted between 1750 and 1754 by Zenón de Somodevilla y Bengoechea, I Marquis of Esenada. He had been called by King Philip V of Spain as the Secretary of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer (or Minister of Finance) of the Crown of Castile.  
+
These records are written in [[Spanish Genealogical Word List|Spanish]]; see the section "For Help Reading these Records" for access to translation helps.  
  
This cadastre was created when the country was preparing for a profound fiscal reform. The reform was aimed at improving the state of the Castilian treasury, simplifying the system of contributions, and making the system fairer. The idea was to replace income from the provinces by a single tax, which was intended to be universal and proportional to the wealth of the taxpayers. It was thus necessary to investigate the wealth of the subjects. The cadastre became the official register of the quantity, value, and ownership of real estate used in apportioning taxes. 
+
This cadastre was created when the country was preparing for a profound fiscal reform. The reform was aimed at improving the state of the Castilian treasury, simplifying the system of contributions, and making the system fairer. The idea was to replace income from the provinces by a single tax, which was intended to be universal and proportional to the wealth of the taxpayers. It was thus necessary to investigate the wealth of the subjects. The cadastre became the official register of the quantity, value, and ownership of real estate used in apportioning taxes.  
  
The Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada was taken by assigned persons; it is a reliable source for research in Spain.  
+
The cadastre was divided into sections called: ''Memoriales'' (Memorials), ''Respuestas Generales ''(General Answers), ''Respuestas Particulares'' (Personal Answers),''Libro de lo Real'' (Book of Real Estate), ''Libro de lo Personal o de Cabezas de Casa'' (Book of Personal Information or Heads of Household), ''Estados o Resúmenes'' (Quantitative Summaries). This cadastre is in the form of a register and includes the quantity, value, and ownership of real estate used in apportioning taxes. The Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada includes a description of the properties and the population—both the secular and ecclesiastical—throughout the 22 provinces of the Old Crown of Castile, which occupied 70% of the territory of modern-day Spain.  
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1851392/waypoints Browse].  
+
This cadastre is known in Spanish as the “Catastro del Marqués de la Ensenada” and was conducted between 1750 and 1754 by Zenón de Somodevilla y Bengoechea, I Marquis of Esenada. He had been called by King Philip V of Spain as the Secretary of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer (or Minister of Finance) of the Crown of Castile.  
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
Because the cadastre was made for tax purposes, you can learn interesting facts about the towns such as its principal industry, quantity and types of buildings, and how much land was under cultivation by examining the ''Respuestas generales''. The Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada was taken by assigned persons; it is a reliable source for research in Spain.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
{{Collection citation
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Junta de la Unica Contribución. Spain, Catastro de Ensenada. Archivo Histórico Provincial de Guadalajara, Bustares, Spain.<!--bibdescend--> }}  
+
|CID=CID1851392
 
+
|title=Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756
[[Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
}}
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
<gallery caption="Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada">
 
Image:Spain Cadastre Records Page 1.jpg
 
Image:Spain Cadastre Records Page 1.jpg
 
Image:Spain Cadastre Records Page 2.jpg
 
Image:Spain Cadastre Records Page 2.jpg
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
'''Information found in the books of Real Estate and Personal or Heads of Household may include the following:'''
+
'''The books of Real Estate and Personal or Heads of Household''' may include the following information:  
  
 
*Names of property owners  
 
*Names of property owners  
*Places where properties are located  
+
*Places where properties are located and in some cases the names of neighbors
 
*A notation on the title page if there is an index of the people included in the cadastre  
 
*A notation on the title page if there is an index of the people included in the cadastre  
 
*Sons and daughters that worked on the property  
 
*Sons and daughters that worked on the property  
Line 47: Line 69:
 
*Number of workers  
 
*Number of workers  
 
*Number of heirs
 
*Number of heirs
 +
 +
'''Memoriales de legos o seglares''' and '''Personal de legos o seglares''' may include the following:
 +
 +
*Names of the head of household as well as the
 +
*Name of spouse
 +
*Name(s) of child/children
 +
*Other people living in the home (could be relatives and servants)
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒ Select the Provincia <br> ⇒ Select the Localidad <br> ⇒ Select the Volumen y sección which takes you to the images.  
+
Some record sets have indexes; these indexes were created at the end of the year. Copy errors could have been made in the index, so you want to find the actual record to verify the information is correct. Using the index is a helpful way to find the actual record.  
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
See the sections below for tips and uses for searching and finding the record of your ancestor in this collection and using the information in the record.  
  
If no other vital sources are available, some genealogical information could be found in the books of Memorials (Memoriales) and Personals or Heads of Household (Personales o Cabezas de Casa). These include some vital information of some of the inhabitants for each of the land properties in the census. If Catholic Church records are available, it is suggested that you research those records first.  
+
If you are unable to find a record for your ancestor in this collection, see the corresponding section below.
 +
 
 +
=== Searching the Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
'''To search by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links: <br> ⇒Select the "Browse through images" link in the initial search page <br> ⇒Select the "Province" <br> ⇒Select the "Locality" <br> ⇒Select the "Volume and Section" which takes you to the images.  
 +
 
 +
Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
 +
 
 +
'''When searching:'''<br> As you are searching, it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
 +
 
 +
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1851392 Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
  
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
+
=== For Help Reading These Records ===
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org.] Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
+
These records are in Spanish. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
*[[Spanish Genealogical Word List]]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 Reading Spanish handwritten records]
 +
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/Spanish/en/welcome.aspx Script tutorial for Spanish]
  
*[http://www.genealogia-es.com/ Spain GenWeb Project]
+
=== Using the Information  ===
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
 +
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church records [[Spain Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].
 +
*Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*Use the marital status (whether a divorce or death dissolved a marriage) to identify previous marriages.
  
*[[Spain|Spain]]
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
*[[Spain Census|Spain Census]]
 
*[[Spanish Genealogical Word List|Spanish Genealogical Word List]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
Use these records to find the birth/baptism, marriage, and death/burial records of your ancestors. Once you find those records compare them to the census to know if you have the right person(s).
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
If no other vital sources are available, some genealogical information could be found in the books of Memorials (Memoriales) and Personals or Heads of Household (Personales o Cabezas de Casa). These include some vital information of some of the inhabitants for each of the land properties in the census. If Catholic Church records are available, it is suggested that you research those records first.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
Generally the ages of the adults are given and often those of children are also included.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have lived in the same area or a nearby area.
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
==Citing This Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
 +
 +
'''Collection Citation''':<br>
 +
  {{Collection citation | text= "Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Provincial Archives of Albacete, Alicante, Ávila, Badajoz, Cáceres, Ciudad Real, Córdoba, Cuenca, Guadalajara, Jaén, La Rioja, León, Madrid, Murcia, Salamanca, Segovia, Soria, Toledo, Valladolid, Spain.}}
 +
<br>
 +
'''Image Citation''':
 +
{{Image_Citation_Link
 +
|CID=CID1851392
 +
|title=Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756
 +
}}
 +
<br>
 +
==How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?  ==
  
“Spain, Catastro of Ensenada, 1749-1756,” digital images, "FamilySearch" (https://familysearch.org: accessed 14 March 2012), Toledo &gt; Oreja &gt; vol H-479-Bienes de eclesiásticos &gt; image 56 of 76, Alphonso Palomino, 1752; citing Toledo Provincial Historical Archive, Catastro de Enesenada, Archivo Historical Nacional, Madrid.
 
  
[[Category:Spain]]
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
<br>
 +
{{H-langs|es=Catastro de Ensenada|en=Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Espanha, Cadastro do Marquês de Ensenada (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}} <br>

Latest revision as of 20:08, 26 April 2017

Spain

Access the Records
Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756 .
CID1851392
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Spain
Spain-800px.png
Flag of the Kingdom of Spain
Spain.png
Record Description
Record Type: Census
Collection years: 1749-1756
Languages: Spanish Castilian
Title in the Language: España, Catastro de Ensenada
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Portal de Archivos Españoles



Record Description

These are census records of the Spanish regions of Andalucía, Asturias, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, and Murcia. The cadastre registers have been well-preserved. The cadastre generally includes information about the land, the income, the ownership, the assets, the head of household, and the heirs.

These records are written in Spanish; see the section "For Help Reading these Records" for access to translation helps.

This cadastre was created when the country was preparing for a profound fiscal reform. The reform was aimed at improving the state of the Castilian treasury, simplifying the system of contributions, and making the system fairer. The idea was to replace income from the provinces by a single tax, which was intended to be universal and proportional to the wealth of the taxpayers. It was thus necessary to investigate the wealth of the subjects. The cadastre became the official register of the quantity, value, and ownership of real estate used in apportioning taxes.

The cadastre was divided into sections called: Memoriales (Memorials), Respuestas Generales (General Answers), Respuestas Particulares (Personal Answers),Libro de lo Real (Book of Real Estate), Libro de lo Personal o de Cabezas de Casa (Book of Personal Information or Heads of Household), Estados o Resúmenes (Quantitative Summaries). This cadastre is in the form of a register and includes the quantity, value, and ownership of real estate used in apportioning taxes. The Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada includes a description of the properties and the population—both the secular and ecclesiastical—throughout the 22 provinces of the Old Crown of Castile, which occupied 70% of the territory of modern-day Spain.

This cadastre is known in Spanish as the “Catastro del Marqués de la Ensenada” and was conducted between 1750 and 1754 by Zenón de Somodevilla y Bengoechea, I Marquis of Esenada. He had been called by King Philip V of Spain as the Secretary of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer (or Minister of Finance) of the Crown of Castile.

Because the cadastre was made for tax purposes, you can learn interesting facts about the towns such as its principal industry, quantity and types of buildings, and how much land was under cultivation by examining the Respuestas generales. The Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada was taken by assigned persons; it is a reliable source for research in Spain.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756.

Record Content

The books of Real Estate and Personal or Heads of Household may include the following information:

  • Names of property owners
  • Places where properties are located and in some cases the names of neighbors
  • A notation on the title page if there is an index of the people included in the cadastre
  • Sons and daughters that worked on the property
  • Type, measurement, value, and quality of the properties
  • Number of workers
  • Number of heirs

Memoriales de legos o seglares and Personal de legos o seglares may include the following:

  • Names of the head of household as well as the
  • Name of spouse
  • Name(s) of child/children
  • Other people living in the home (could be relatives and servants)

How to Use the Record

Some record sets have indexes; these indexes were created at the end of the year. Copy errors could have been made in the index, so you want to find the actual record to verify the information is correct. Using the index is a helpful way to find the actual record.

See the sections below for tips and uses for searching and finding the record of your ancestor in this collection and using the information in the record.

If you are unable to find a record for your ancestor in this collection, see the corresponding section below.

Searching the Collection

To search by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse through images" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Province"
⇒Select the "Locality"
⇒Select the "Volume and Section" which takes you to the images.

Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

When searching:
As you are searching, it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

For Help Reading These Records

These records are in Spanish. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:

Using the Information

  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
  • Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church records Spain Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records).
  • Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the marital status (whether a divorce or death dissolved a marriage) to identify previous marriages.

Tips to Keep in Mind

Use these records to find the birth/baptism, marriage, and death/burial records of your ancestors. Once you find those records compare them to the census to know if you have the right person(s).

If no other vital sources are available, some genealogical information could be found in the books of Memorials (Memoriales) and Personals or Heads of Household (Personales o Cabezas de Casa). These include some vital information of some of the inhabitants for each of the land properties in the census. If Catholic Church records are available, it is suggested that you research those records first.

Generally the ages of the adults are given and often those of children are also included.

When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have lived in the same area or a nearby area.

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Provincial Archives of Albacete, Alicante, Ávila, Badajoz, Cáceres, Ciudad Real, Córdoba, Cuenca, Guadalajara, Jaén, La Rioja, León, Madrid, Murcia, Salamanca, Segovia, Soria, Toledo, Valladolid, Spain.


Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Spain, Catastro de Ensenada, 1749-1756.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.