Difference between revisions of "St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy"

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Revision as of 19:15, 17 June 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png St. Clair County

Guide to St. Clair County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Missouri
Online Records

St. Clair County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded January 16, 1833
County Seat Osceola
Address St.Clair County Courthouse
PO Box 525
Osceola, MO 64776-0405
Phone: 417.646.2315
St. Clair County Website

County Courthouse

Recorders Office has marriage records from 1855 and
marriage from 1855 and land records from 1867; Clerk Circuit
Court has divorce and probate records[1]


Parent County

1833--St. Clair County was created 16 January 1833 from Lafayette County. St. Clair lost land to Pettis County 26 January 1833 and attached to Rives County, until formally organized 29 January 1841. County seat: Osceola [2]

Boundary Changes

  • See an interactive map of St. Clair County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.




Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1848-1867 - St. Clair County Birth Index 1848-1867. Batch C515161 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1855-1885 - St. Clair County Marriage Index 1855-1885. Batches M515161 and M515162 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), St. Clair County, Missouri. Page 405 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.