St. Matthews Parish, South Carolina
Before the American Revolution, the state church of South Carolina was the Church of England (the Anglican Church, or Protestant Episcopal Church). Besides keeping parish registers, the church kept many records of a civil nature in their vestry books. The Vestry was as much a political body as a religious one. The wardens and commissioners were responsible for the roads, education, the poor and orphans, voting and collecting taxes in addition to their church duties.
St. Matthew's Parish (St. Matthew's, Calhoun, SC) was created in 1768,
Borders: the Georgia border, Prince William, St. Bartholomew's, St. George Dorchester, St. James Goose Creek, St. John's Berkeley, St. Luke's, St. Mark's, St. Peter's, St. Stephen's parishes. For a map, see: Early parishes in South Carolina. An overlay of districts is available at Carolana.com.
Modern equivalents: The original parish covered most of what are present-day
- South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: St. Matthew's Parish, available online, courtesy: South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
For an early history of the parish, see Chapter 16, St. Matthew's Parish, pages 332-335, in:
- Dalcho, Frederick. An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Carolina from the First Settlement of the Province, to the War of the Revolution; with Notices of the Present State of the Church in Each Parish and Some Account of the Early Civil History of Carolina, Never Before Published. Charleston: E. Thayer, 1820. FHL Film 22657; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive.
The history of the parish is also discussed in pages 2-17 of:
- Salley, A.S. The History of Orangeburg County South Carolina: From Its First Settlement to the Close of the Revolutionary War. Orangeburg, S.C.: R. Lewis Berry, Printer, 1898. Digital version at Google Books.
For some births in the parish in 1770 and 1771, see:
- "Some Records Kept by Rev. Paul Turquand of St. Matthew's Parish," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Apr. 1932):180; digital version at JSTOR ($).
-  "St. Matthew's 1818 Tax List," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Summer 1973):148-150; Vol. 1, No. 4 (Fall 1973):214. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 1
-  "St. Matthew's Voters 1811," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Fall 1973):215-216. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 1
- "The Formation of Counties in South Carolina," at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website, accessed 21 January 2011.