Sterling County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Sterling County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Sterling County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Sterling County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded March 4, 1891
County Seat Sterling City
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County Courthouse

Sterling County Courthouse
615 4th; PO Box 55
Sterling City, TX 76951-0055
Phone: 915.378.5191

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage records from 1913, divorce, probate, court and
land records from 1891[1]

Sterling County has had three courthouses. The first courthouse was built in 1891, the second in 1905 and the current courthouse, built in 1938.


Sterling County Government website

Inventory of county records, Sterling County Courthouse, Sterling City, Texas, 1979. Describes the records of the Commissioner's Court, County Clerk, County Court, District Clerk, Justice of the Peace, Sheriff, Tax Assessor-Collector, Treasurer, and County School Superintendent. Also provides a list of Sterling County records and an index. Digital book online from The Portal to Texas History.


Parent County

1891--Sterling County was created 4 March 1891 fromTom Green County. County seat: Sterling City [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Broome | Sterling City

Neighboring Counties




  • 1900 ~ partial transcription  ~  TXGenWeb
  • 1920  ~  partial transcription  ~  TXGenWeb




After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Sterling County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • Sterling County History from the Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Milling around Sterling County, 1976, edited by Beverly Daniels.
  • Texas Museums  ~  List of all museums in Texas  ~  Hidden Ancestors



  • Military Resources ~ Links to research Civil War to Operation Enduring Freedom ~ Hidden Ancestors
  • Fallen Heroes  ~  Partial Index of casualties from Civil War to Operation Enduring Freedom ~ Hidden Ancestors
  • Honoring Our Veterans ~ Partial index of veterans from Civil War to Operation Enduring Freedom ~ Hidden Ancestors


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Sterling County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).



Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Societies and Libraries

Sterling County Public Library
301 Main
Sterling City, TX 76951
Phone: (325) 378-2212

Society Hill  ~  Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Sterling County, Texas. Page 674 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).