Superintendencies of Indian Affairs
Superintendents of Indian Affairs for a specific locality existed from approximately 1803 until 1878, when the last Superintendency was abolished. After 1878, agents of the Bureau of Indian Affairs reported directly to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.
A Superintendent of Indian Affairs was an administrator, communicating and overseeing the agents who worked directly with individual tribes. It was the responsibility of the superintendent to see that the agents were following official government policy. Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.
- 1 The Superintendencies
- 1.1 Arizona Superintendency
- 1.2 Arkansas Superintendency
- 1.3 California Superintendency
- 1.4 Central Superintendency
- 1.5 Colorado Superintendency
- 1.6 Dakota Superintendency
- 1.7 Florida Superintendency
- 1.8 Idaho Superintendency
- 1.9 Iowa Superintendency
- 1.10 Michigan Superintendency and Mackinac Agency
- 1.11 Minnesota Superintendency
- 1.12 Montana Superintendency
- 1.13 Nevada Superintendency
- 1.14 New Mexico Superintendency
- 1.15 Northern Superintendency
- 1.16 Oregon Superintendency
- 1.17 Southern Superintendency
- 1.18 St. Louis Superintendency
- 1.19 Utah Superintendency
- 1.20 Washington Superintendency
- 1.21 Western Superintendency
- 1.22 Wisconsin Superintendency
- 1.23 Wyoming Superintendency
- 2 References
Michigan Superintendency and Mackinac Agency
The Wisconsin Superintendency had responsibility for Chippewa Indians, Menominee Indians, Sauk Indians, Fox Indians, Winnebago Indians and Sioux Indians (Sisseton, Wahpeton, Mdewakanton, and Wahpekute Bands) as well as for Brotherton, Munsee, Oneida, and Stockbridge Indians. Agencies were Priarie du Chien serving Winnebago, Sioux, and Sauk and Fox; St. Peters serving the Sioux; Green Bay Agency and Subagency serving the Menominee, Brotherton, Munsee, Oneida, and Stockbridge; Sioux Subagency; Ioway Subagency, serving Iowa Indians; Fort Winnebago Subagency serving Winnebago; Crow Wing Subagency serving Chippewa; La Pointe Agency serving another group of Chippewa.
Records of the Wisconsin Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1836-1848, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M951. Copies are also available at the Chicago Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Wisconsin Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Wisconsin Superintendency, 1836-1848, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661678 thru 1661679.
The Wyoming Superintendency functioned from April, 1869, until November, 1870. It had one agency, the Shoshone and Bannock Agency for Shoshoni and Bannock Indians.
Records of the Wyoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1870, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as part of their Microcopy Number M1016. Copies are also available at the Denver Regional Archives. This same roll of microfilm of the records of the Wyoming Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Wyoming Superintendency, 1851-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661683 thru 1661688.
Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, .
Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.
Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC: