The first provincial newspaper to publish in Sussex was the Sussex Weekly Advertiser or Lewes Journal which began in Lewes in 1745 and circulated widely through Sussex although few issues before 1769 have survived.
The same harsh taxation which hampered English newspapers generally also limited the production of Sussex newspapers until the mid-nineteenth century. The abolition of these taxes between 1853 and 1861 together with a steady growth of literacy, improvements in printing technology, and the expansion of the franchise between the Reform Act of 1832 and 1867 created conditions for the growth of provincial newspapers. An increasingly prosperous middle-class created a larger market for newspapers and the number of titles grew rapidly after 1853. By 1900 there were about 50 different titles publishing each week.
These titles had begun in the different towns at first reprinting news from the London papers but turning more to reporting local news. Most were weekly although some were monthly. In 1886 the Brighton Argus c=became an evening paper and in 1870 a daily, the Sussex Daily News began. This period saw some titles established which had long runs.
There were also newspapers published in the South East but outside Sussex which had coverage of Sussex news.
If the last half of the nineteenth century was a period of boom, the twentieth century was a period of decline and change. A shortage of paper in the two world wars saw the closures of a number of long-established newspapers. After WWII the proportion of news copy declined in relation to advertising, photographs and reprints of press releases. Established newspapers have been challenged by the emergence of free newspapers entirely financed by advertising. Most local titles have been taken over by a small number of publishers.
Archives and Libraries
Digital Issues Online
- The British Library in London ($) has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index.
- British Newspapers Archive ($)
- Palmer's Index: online through the Internet Archive
Family History Library
The Family History Library has a few English newspapers listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
- ENGLAND, SUSSEX - NEWSPAPERS
The Family History Library usually does not collect newspapers. However, the library does collect indexes and abstracts of genealogical information from newspapers. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under: