A gazetteer is a dictionary of place-names. Gazetteers describe towns and villages, parishes, counties, provinces, rivers and mountains, sizes of population, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. The place-names are generally listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary.
Gazetteers may also provide additional information about towns, such as schools colleges, and universities; major manufacturing works; and canals docks, and railroad stations.
In Sweden individual farms have their own individual names. Some date back to the Viking age or early medieval times. Sometimes there are names for whole villages with individual farms also having their own names. In many areas of Sweden there weren’t any villages at all, but only the individual farms. In many cases there are numerous farms and/or villages with the same name. A gazetteer identifies places as farm, village, parish, county, etc.
In doing Swedish research it is necessary to know the names of places. Many people have similar names and it is often the name of the farm or village that helps identify an individual as being the relative.
A gazetteer can be used to determine which church parish had jurisdiction over a smaller place such as a farm or village. They are helpful in determining the county that has jurisdiction for the parish. Being familiar with the names of nearby parishes and having a list of farms and villages within the parish may make it easier to understand and read the old handwriting.
In using gazetteers, remember that similar names were used in different areas of Sweden and more than one place may need to be checked. Modern spellings (after the spelling reform of 1906) may differ from the pre-1906 time period. Individual clergy and others wrote phonetically and as they thought it should be spelled. Some places may not be included because they are obsolete, very small, or they were simply omitted. Generally gazetteers can greatly facilitate genealogical research.
There are a number of Swedish gazetteers. The following gazetteers are useful in identifying specific place-names and are in different forms of media – book, CD/DVD, or website.
• Svensk Ortförteckning
• Geografiskt-Statistiskt Handlexikon öfver Sverige
• Svenska Orter
• Svensk Ortnamn 1999
Johansson, Carl-Erik. Cradled In Sweden. The Everton Publishes, Inc., Logan, UT . 1995.
Clemensson, Per & Andersson, Kjell. Your Swedish Roots – A Step by Step Handbook. Ancestry, Provo,Utah. 2004.