Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Texas, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Arrival Manifests and Card Index|
|Record Group||RG 85: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service|
|Microfilm Publication||M1755. Permanent and Statistical Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905-June 1953. 30 rolls.|
|M2040. Index to Manifests of Permanent and Statistical Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, December 1, 1929-June 1953. Rolls 27-30 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||4529417 4530033414|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 Why Should I Look at This Collection?
- 2 What Is in the Collection?
- 3 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 4 Collection Contents
- 5 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 6 What Do I Do Next?
- 7 Citing This Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
Why Should I Look at This Collection?
By searching the database and images in this collection you may learn new details about your family members who entered the United States from Mexico at the Eagle Pass customshouse located at the southern border of Texas between 19051–1953. Details you learn such as their birth place or age when they entered the United States will enrich your family history and provide you with leads to continue your FamilySearch. You may wish to use the records in this collection in conjunction with United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States. And although most arrivals are from Mexico, there are also Syrians, Japanese, and Europeans who chose to enter the United States through Mexico.
What Is in the Collection?
The Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905–1954 correlates with two National Archives and Records Administration(NARA) microfilm publications: Indexes to Manifests of Permanent and Statistical Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, December 1, 1929 - June 1953., M2040 and Permanent and Statistical Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905 - June 1953., M1755. Microfilm publication M2040 is index cards for the years 1929–1953 for the Card Manifests on microfilm publication M1755. The index cards are arranged alphabetically and contain information such as name, age, date of crossing and manifest card number to assist in locating a card manifest in microfilm publication M1755. The card manifests located on microfilm publication M1755 cover the years 1905–1953 and are arrange chronologically. These microfilm publications are part of Record Group Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service 85: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
General Information about Land Border Crossings and Card Manifests
The United States Customs Service (Customs) collected records on immigration through collection districts and regional customhouses. Customs required that the captain of a ship arriving at a United States port from a foreign port to submit a list of passengers to the collector of customs. Early records originated at the customshouses and were for statistical purposes only. On 3 August 1882, the United States Congress passed the first law regulating immigration. From 1882–1891, the Secretary of the Treasury had general supervision over immigration and the Office of Superintendent of Immigration was established in the department of the Treasury. This office was later designated a bureau and eventually became the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, after naturalization functions were added to the bureau, and then Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS). Treatment of land borders has been different as keeping statistics on Unites States land borders was not required by early immigration acts. Land border records began being kept on the Canadian border in 1895 and on the Mexican border in 1906. When records began being kept for land borders, immigration authorities found that it was impractical to collect arrival information on lists as it was done for ship passengers; therefore, immigration authorities started using card manifests for each person. These cards contained the same information as ship passenger lists such as name, age, sex, marital status, birth place, physical description, occupation, citizenship or nationality, reason for entry, place of last permanent residency, literacy and language of literacy, and whether the immigrant intended on become a citizen of the United States or returning to their country of origin.
To Browse This Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?
Index cards may contain the following:
- Arrival date
- Manifest Number
Manifest cards, especially later cards, may contain the following:
- Marital status
- Birth place
- Physical description
- Citizenship or nationality
- Reason for entry
- Date of entry
- Place of last permanent residency
- Literacy and language literate in
- Intent of becoming citizen or returning to country of origin
How Do I Search the Collection?
You can search the index, view the images or both. Before using this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of the person you are looking for
- The approximate date of immigration
Search the Index
View the Images
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page. br>
- Select the Record Type
- Select the Range
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954. Click on camera icon to see images.|
What Do I Do Next?
I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference; see the section Citing this Collection for assistance. Save or print a copy of the image
- Use the information found in the record to find other immigration records.
- Use the record to learn your ancestor’s foreign and “Americanized” names, if they were different.
- Use the record to learn the place of origin and find their church and vital records such as birth, baptism, and marriage records.
- Use the information found in the record to find land and probate records.
- Use the record to see if other family members who may have immigrated with the person you are looking for are listed and have additional information or leads; you may also find additional information on new family members in censuses.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking For, What Now?
- Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. You could get a copy of the original record from the Collection Browse Page.
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor at the customhouse where you believed your ancestor crossed into the United States, then try searching records of a nearby border crossing.
- Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Check the info box above for additional FamilySearch websites and related websites that may assist you in finding similar records.
Citing This Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954" Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1755 and M2040. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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