Difference between revisions of "Texas, County Tax Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1827575 |title=Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910|location=United States|}} <br>
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Texas, United States Genealogy|Texas]]''
  
<br>
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{{US State HR Infobox
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|CID=CID1827575
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|title=Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910
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|location=Texas
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| LOC_01 = Texas
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| LOC_02 =
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| LOC_02_type =
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| LOC_03 = 
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| loc_map = 
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| state_loc_map = US Locator Texas.png
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| State_flag = Texas flag.png
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| record_type = Tax Rolls
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| start_year = 1837
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| end_year = 1910
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Texas Genealogy|Texas]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[Texas History|Texas History]] 
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| FS_URL_03 = [[Texas Taxation]]
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| FS_URL_04 = [[Texas Archives and Libraries]]
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 = 
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| FS_URL_08 = 
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| FS_URL_09 = 
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| FS_URL_10 = 
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ Texas State Library and Archives]
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| RW_URL_02 = 
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| RW_URL_03 = 
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| RW_URL_04 = 
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| RW_URL_05 = 
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| custodian = 
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}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
Entries are handwritten on pre-printed pages. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.  
+
The collection consists of a selective index to tax rolls for 231 of 254 Texas counties for the years 1837 to 1910.  
  
Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.  
+
The years indexed include the first year for each county included prior to 1845, as well as 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1890, 1895, and 1905. The index for this collection is 13% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.  
  
Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income.&nbsp;
+
*Since these tax rolls are spaced between Federal censuses, they provide a valuable tool for finding information not found in the censuses. They are even more important as a tool for 1890s as we have very few census records for that time period.
  
A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txsgs/index.htm Texas State Genealogical Society].&nbsp;
+
There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.  
  
This collection includes records for the years 1846 to 1910.&nbsp;
+
A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySearch Indexing as a Partner Project with the [http://www.txsgs.org Texas State Genealogical Society].  Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay. Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
  
Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay.
+
===To Browse This Collection===
 +
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1827575 
 +
|title=Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910
 +
}}
  
Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.
 
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1827575/waypoints Browse].
+
== What Can these Records Tell Me? ==
 
+
Information in Texas tax records usually include:  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Comptroller's Office. State Archives, Austin.}}
 
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
Genealogical information in Texas tax records include:  
 
 
 
[[Image:Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
*Name of owner  
 
*Name of owner  
Line 46: Line 67:
 
*Amount of county taxes
 
*Amount of county taxes
  
== How to Use This Record  ==
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== Collection Content ==
 +
===Image Visibility===
 +
Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, ultimate rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians. Images in this collection are available for viewing if you are a registered FamilySearch user. You can register for a free FamilySearch account [https://familysearch.org/register/1 here].
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
For additional information about image restrictions, please see the [[Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] page.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "County/Precinct" category<br> ⇒Select the "Year range" category which takes you to the images.<br>
+
=== Sample Image ===
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
<gallery>
 +
Image:Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg|1875 Assessment Roll
 +
</gallery>
  
To begin your search it is helpful to know the name of your ancestors and some other identifying information such as where they lived.
 
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
+
== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The county where your ancestor lived.
  
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information in the list to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if it is the correct or person. You may need to compare several persons in the list before you find your ancestor.
  
For example:  
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1827575?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page].'''<br>
  
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1827575/waypoints Browse Page] then:'''<br> ⇒Select the "County/Precinct" <br> ⇒Select the "Year range"
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment,&nbsp;school, or church records.
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
 
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
+
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.
 
  
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, marriage, census, land and death records.
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Texas Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Texas County Tax Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. 
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.shtml nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well.
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Texas, United States Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [[Texas Archives and Libraries]].
  
== Related Websites  ==
 
  
[http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ Texas State Library and Archives]&nbsp;
+
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|Texas, Tax Records|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog.}}
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
*[[Texas|Texas]]  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Texas County Tax Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
*[[Texas History|Texas History]]
 
*[[Texas Taxation]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Collection citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Comptroller's Office. State Archives, Austin.}}
 +
<br>
 +
'''Record citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1827575
 +
|title=Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1827575
 +
|title=Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910
 +
}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Texas|Tax]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}

Latest revision as of 19:58, 22 March 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Texas

Access the Records
Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910 .
CID1827575
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Texas, United States
Texas flag.png
Flag of Texas
US Locator Texas.png
Location of Texas
Record Description
Record Type Tax Rolls
Collection years 1837-1910
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of a selective index to tax rolls for 231 of 254 Texas counties for the years 1837 to 1910.

The years indexed include the first year for each county included prior to 1845, as well as 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1890, 1895, and 1905. The index for this collection is 13% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.

  • Since these tax rolls are spaced between Federal censuses, they provide a valuable tool for finding information not found in the censuses. They are even more important as a tool for 1890s as we have very few census records for that time period.

There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.

A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySearch Indexing as a Partner Project with the Texas State Genealogical Society. Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay. Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910.


What Can these Records Tell Me?

Information in Texas tax records usually include:

  • Name of owner
  • Assessment number
  • Original grantee
  • Number of acres of land
  • Value
  • Town plot description
  • Name of city or town
  • Kind, number, and value of livestock
  • Kind, quantity, and value of farm commodities
  • Amount of state taxes
  • Amount of county taxes

Collection Content

Image Visibility

Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, ultimate rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians. Images in this collection are available for viewing if you are a registered FamilySearch user. You can register for a free FamilySearch account here.

For additional information about image restrictions, please see the Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections page.

Sample Image


How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The county where your ancestor lived.

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information in the list to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if it is the correct or person. You may need to compare several persons in the list before you find your ancestor.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page then:
⇒Select the "County/Precinct"
⇒Select the "Year range"

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, marriage, census, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Texas, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Texas Archives and Libraries.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection citation:

"Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Comptroller's Office. State Archives, Austin.


Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910.


Image citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1837-1910.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.