Difference between revisions of "Tonga Genealogy"

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''[[Australia and Oceania|Oceania]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Tonga Genealogy|Tonga]]'' {{Tonga-sidebar}}
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| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''News and Events'''
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Guide to '''Tonga ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
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==Country Information==
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Tonga is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean. It was a [[England Genealogy|British]] protectorate from 1900 to 1970. The official languages are Tongan and English.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Tonga," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,'' https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonga, accessed 20 April 2016.</ref>
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==Getting Started ==
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| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''Topics'''
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<h3>Getting Started with Tonga Research</h3>
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Links to articles on getting started with Tonga research.
*'''[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide]]'''
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*[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide]]
*[[Tonga Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
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*[[Tonga_customs_and_research_ideas|Tonga Customs and Research Ideas]]
*[[Tonga Biography|Biography]]
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*[[Tonga Census|Census]]
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*[[Tonga Church History|Church History]]
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*[[Tonga Church Records|Church Records]]
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*[[Tonga Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
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*[[Tonga Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
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*[[Tonga Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
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*[[Samoan, Tongan and other Polynesian Genealogies|Genealogies]]
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*[[Tonga History|History]]
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*[[Tonga Maps|Maps]]
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*[[Tonga Newspapers|Newspapers]]
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*[[Tonga Nobility|Nobility]]
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*[[Tonga Oral History in the Family History Library|Oral History]]
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*[[Tonga Social Life and Customs|Social Life and Customs]]
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*[[Tonga Taxation|Taxation]]
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<h3>Tonga Research Tools</h3>
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Links to articles and websites that assist in Tonga research.
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*[http://tonga.worldvitalrecords.com/ World Vital Records ]
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*[http://boards.rootsweb.com/localities.oceania.tonga/45/mb.ashx Roots Web Localities Tonga]
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*[http://www.artsfaculty.auckland.ac.nz/special/germansintonga/?historicalbackground German and Tonga government relationship]
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*[http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Pacific/SamoaTahitiTongaFiji.pdf BYU Research Guide for Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Tonga]
 
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Tonga, unique among Pacific nations, never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.
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=== Getting started with Tonga research  ===
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==Tonga Map==
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Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Tonga.
  
Understanding the history of Tonga is critical. &nbsp;Click here to access [https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Tonga_(Pacific_Island_Guide) guidelines] for doing Tongan research. &nbsp;When you are done, click on the upper left hand arrow of the tool bar to return to this page.  
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[[Image:Tonga.png|border|center|300px|Tonga.png]]
  
=== Jurisdictions  ===
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[[Image:Tonga.png|border|right|200px|Tonga.png]]
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==Jurisdictions==
  
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Tonga's three main island groups are:
 
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=== Research Tools  ===
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*Ha'apai
 
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*Tongatapu
*http://tonga.worldvitalrecords.com/
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*Vava'u
*http://boards.rootsweb.com/localities.oceania.tonga/45/mb.ashx
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*To learn about the noble, chieftan, and royal lines, click here for a [http://www.royalark.net/Tonga/tonga.htm website] established by Christopher Bayers of the UK. &nbsp;Mr. Bayers also provides Niu'atuputapu lines of those who ruled the Tongan island of 'Eua.
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*[http://www.artsfaculty.auckland.ac.nz/special/germansintonga/?historicalbackground German and Tonga government relationship]
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*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Pacific/SamoaTahitiTongaFiji.pdf BYU Research Guide for Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Tonga]
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=== Featured Content  ===
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*[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide]] to Family History Research
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=== Did you know?  ===
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=== Marriage Matters  ===
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That the marriage of Sinaitakala Ilangi Leka, Tu'i Tonga Fefine of Tongatapu, daughter of Uluakimata the 1st also known as Tele'a, who was the 29th Tu'i Tonga [King] and his ''Ma'itaki ''wife [premier wife], Mataukipa, daughter of Kau'ulufonua Hua, Chief of Mataliku, to the Fijian chief, Tapu'osi from the village of Vasivasi, Fiji ''shifted'' the political alliance from Samoa to Fiji. &nbsp;Uluakimate the 1st reigned in Tonga as King and is calculated to have started his reign about 1561.<ref>Gifford, Edward Winslow. Tongan Society, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Bulletin 61, Bayard Dominick Expedition, Publication Number 16, Honolulu, Hawaii, Published by the Museum 1929, Kraus Reprint Co., New York, 1971.</ref><br>
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=== Taxation Tongan Style. &nbsp;Taxation took three basic forms.  ===
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1. '''&nbsp;Taxation by tribute''' was given twice a year. &nbsp;The first was the first fruit 'inasi ceremony that was a form of prayer to the gods for ample crops in the forthcoming season. &nbsp;The second 'inasi ceremony was a tribute where district chiefs occasionally determined the amount and kind of items demanded from their district landowners. &nbsp;At this second tribute offering, the choice of tribute was often left up to the individual. &nbsp;However, if the tribute was deemed lacking, that individual could find his or her property taken away. &nbsp;Therefore, the second 'inasi tribute ceremony was often termed a "gift of respect" and resulted in individual tax payment greater than was expected.
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2. &nbsp;'''Taxation by corvee '''which means enforced labor. &nbsp;Major efforts were carried out through corvee and were essentially carried out on larger landholdings of important chiefs. &nbsp;At times, two or three times a week, laborers from inferior chief's entourage would work for other chiefs to plant and work the plantations such as for the Tu'i Kanokupolo.
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3. &nbsp;'''Taxation by fono '''was a public meeting and compulsory. &nbsp;Decrees, advise, and warnings were issued at these meetings. &nbsp;Tribute might be in demanding food for special occassions such as feasts or burial ceremonies. &nbsp;A fono could also be used to organize and appoint work details. &nbsp;Chiefs seldom attended these fono events and sent their matapule advisors. &nbsp;Lesser chiefs would hold smaller fono meetings for their tenants. &nbsp;There was no give and take discussions at fonos. &nbsp;Essentially the work was accomplished by those under the rule of the lesser chiefs.<ref>Ferdon, Edwin N.Early Tonga As the Explorers Saw It 1616-1810, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.</ref>
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=== Things you can do  ===
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In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
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*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
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*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
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=== Reference:  ===
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==FamilySearch Resources==
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Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
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*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
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*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records]
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*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Tonga Family History Center locator map]
  
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==References==
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<references/>
  
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{{Pacific}}
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__NOTOC__
[[Category:Tonga]] [[Category:Pacific_Island_Research]]
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[[Category:Tonga]][[Category:Sidebar templates]]

Latest revision as of 02:18, 2 July 2016

Oceania Gotoarrow.png Tonga

Tonga Wiki Topics
Flag of Tonga.svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Tonga Background
Local Research Resources


Guide to Tonga ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Country Information

Tonga is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean. It was a British protectorate from 1900 to 1970. The official languages are Tongan and English.[1]

Getting Started

Getting Started with Tonga Research

Links to articles on getting started with Tonga research.

Tonga Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Tonga research.

Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Tonga Map

Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Tonga.

Tonga.png

Jurisdictions

Tonga's three main island groups are:

  • Ha'apai
  • Tongatapu
  • Vava'u

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Tonga," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonga, accessed 20 April 2016.