Difference between revisions of "United States, Headstone Applications for U.S. Military Veterans (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Record Content update)
m (update headers)
 
(40 intermediate revisions by 20 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{FamilySearch Collection
+
''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
|CID=CID1916249
+
{{FamilySearch_Collection
|title= United States, Applications for Headstones for Military Veterans, 1925-1941
+
|CID=CID1916249  
 +
|title= United States Applications for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1949
 
|location=United States
 
|location=United States
 
}}<br>  
 
}}<br>  
  
== Record Description  ==
+
[[Image:United_States.png|right|200px|]]
  
This collection consists of applications for headstones (over 290,000) received and processed by the Cemeterial/Memorial Division (NARA publication M1916). The records are part of the Record Group 92 Records of the Quartermaster General. Most of the applications are for the Civil War and later, but some may apply to earlier wars. Approximately 10% of the forms will have two images. The applications are arranged in alphabetical order by surname, then first name. r, the Office of the Quartermaster General established a Cemetery Branch. This new branch was responsible for establishing, maintaining, and improving national military cemeteries.&nbsp;
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
On March 3, 1873, Congress granted burial rights in national military cemeteries to all honorably discharged veterans of the Civil War on March 3, 1873, then extended the privilege of<br>government-provided gravestones to soldiers buried in private cemeteries on February 3, 1879.&nbsp;
+
This collection consists of images of over 621,000 applications for headstones received by the Cemeterial Division of the Quartermaster General from two National Archive microfilm publications. The first publication, over 290,000 applications, covers 1925 to 1941 and is M1916. Most are for veterans of the Civil War or later. A few may cover earlier wars. The second publication, over 331,000 applications, covers 1941-1949 and is M2113. These records are part of Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, Record Group (RG) 92.  
  
For more information, visit the report "Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1941." [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1916.pdf Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans].&nbsp;
+
== Collection Content  ==
  
For a list of records by surnames currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1916249/waypoints Browse].
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:United States, Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans (11-0319) 4831974 211.jpg|Application for a Headstone
 +
</gallery>
  
The records are for applications processed during the years 1925 to 1941.
+
Applications include all or part of the following:
  
In the early frontier years, garrison commanders were expected to bury their dead. During the Civil War, however, the numbers of the dead became too much for them&nbsp;to handle. On September 11, 1861, the War Department began to take command of the responsibility of granting deceased soldiers the priviledge of a marked grave.
+
*Name of soldier, sailor or marine
 +
*Rank, company, regiment, state organization or vessel
 +
*Date of death
 +
*Emblem requested (Christian, Hebrew, None)
 +
*Name of cemetery with city and state of its location
 +
*Name and address of person making application
 +
*Name and address to whom headstone is being shipped
  
These records are quite&nbsp;reliable, though there is still a chance of misinformation. For example, soldiers often falsified their ages in order to be admitted into the army.
+
== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
*The full name of the soldier
 +
*Some other identifying information such as the death date or cemetery
  
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Quartermaster General's Office. "Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1941." NARA microfilm publication M1916. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
+
=== Search the Collection ===
  
[[United States, Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
'''To search the collection by name:'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
== Record Content  ==
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
[[Image:United States, Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans (11-0319) 4831974 211.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
  
Applications include all or part of the following:
+
When you have located your ancestor’s headstone application, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Compare what is information is given with what you already know about your ancestor to make sure it is the correct person.
  
*Name of soldier, sailor or marine
+
Next, look at the pieces of information given in the headstone application for new information. Add any new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:
*Rank, company, regiment, state organization or vessel
+
*Date of death
+
*Emblem requested (Christian, Hebrew, None)
+
*Name of cemetery with city and state of its location
+
*Name and address of person making application
+
*Name and address to whom headstone is being shipped
+
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
*Use any information you already know about your ancestor, such as name, rank, company, regiment, etc., to determine previously unknown information such as date of death and cemetery.
 +
*Use information about religion, found on later versions of the form, to locate church and land records.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "Surname Range" which takes you to the images<br>
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*The name of the cemetery could lead you to funeral and cemetery records, which often include the names and residences of other family members.  
 +
*Continue to search cemetery records&nbsp;to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the deceased who may have been buried in the same cemetery or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 +
*Compile the entries for every person with the same surname. This is especially helpful for rural areas or unusual surnames.
 +
*When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 +
*These records are quite reliable, though there is still a chance of misinformation. For example, soldiers often falsified their ages in order to be admitted into the army.
  
Or
+
==What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?==
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s headstone application, carefully evaluate each piece of information given.&nbsp;Compare what is information is given with what you already know about your ancestor to make sure it is the correct person.
+
=== Additional Information About These Records  ===
  
Next, look at the pieces of information given in the headstone application for new information. Add any new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.  
+
In the early frontier years, garrison commanders were expected to bury their dead. During the Civil War, however, the numbers of the dead became too much for them to handle. On September 11, 1861, the War Department began to take command of the responsibility of granting deceased soldiers the privilege of a marked grave.  
  
For example:
+
Most of the applications are for the Civil War and later, but some may apply to earlier wars. Approximately 10% of the forms will have two images. The applications are arranged in alphabetical order by surname, then first name. The Office of the Quartermaster General established a Cemetery Branch. This new branch was responsible for establishing, maintaining, and improving national military cemeteries.
  
*Use any information you already know about your ancestor, such as name, rank, company, regiment, etc., to determine previously unknown information such as date of death and cemetery.
+
On March 3, 1873, Congress granted burial rights in national military cemeteries to all honorably discharged veterans of the Civil War on March 3, 1873, then extended the privilege of government-provided gravestones to soldiers buried in private cemeteries on February 3, 1879.  
*Use information about religion, found on later versions of the form, to locate church and land records.
+
 
*The name of the cemetery could lead you to funeral and cemetery records, which often include the names and residences of other family members.
+
For more information, visit the report "Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1941." [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1916.pdf Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans].  
*Continue to search cemetery records&nbsp;to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the deceased who may have been buried in the same cemetery or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
+
 
*Compile the entries for every person with the same surname. This is especially helpful for rural areas or unusual surnames.  
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
*When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
+
  
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Headstone-Applications-for-U-S-Military-Veterans-1925-1949&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Headstone-Applications-for-U-S-Military-Veterans-1925-1949&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
*Search the indexes and records of nearby cemeteries.
+
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1916.pdf Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans]  
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1916.pdf Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans]
*[http://www.cem.va.gov/hist/hmhist.asp History of Government Furnished Headstones and Markers]
+
*[http://gravelocator.cem.va.gov/ US Department of Veterans Affairs Nationwide Gravesite Locator]
 +
*[https://www.abmc.gov/database-search American Battle Monuments Commission Burials and Memorializations Search]
 +
*[http://sites.mnhs.org/library/faq-veterans-grave-registrations Veteran's Grave Registrations Minnesota Historical Society People Finder]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
Line 82: Line 102:
 
*[[Confederate Cemetery Records]]
 
*[[Confederate Cemetery Records]]
  
== Contributions to This Article ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br>
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States Headstone Applications for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1949." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1916. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.}} <br><br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1916249
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
|title= United States, Applications for Headstones for Military Veterans, 1925-1949
 
+
}}
"United States, Applications for Headstones for Military Veterans, 1925-1941" &nbsp;database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]: accessed 9 September 2011). &nbsp;William Ferrell, April 3, 1841; citing Military Records, Ferrill, William-Flesher, Max, image 24; United States Quartermaster General, Federal Archives and Records Center, Washinfgton D.C., United States.
+
'''Image Citation''':<br>
 
+
{{Image Citation Link
[[Category:United_States|Military]]
+
|CID=CID1916249
 +
|title=United States Headstone Applications for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1949
 +
}}

Latest revision as of 15:38, 5 July 2016

United States

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Applications for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1949 .
CID1916249
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}

United States.png

What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of images of over 621,000 applications for headstones received by the Cemeterial Division of the Quartermaster General from two National Archive microfilm publications. The first publication, over 290,000 applications, covers 1925 to 1941 and is M1916. Most are for veterans of the Civil War or later. A few may cover earlier wars. The second publication, over 331,000 applications, covers 1941-1949 and is M2113. These records are part of Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, Record Group (RG) 92.

Collection Content

Applications include all or part of the following:

  • Name of soldier, sailor or marine
  • Rank, company, regiment, state organization or vessel
  • Date of death
  • Emblem requested (Christian, Hebrew, None)
  • Name of cemetery with city and state of its location
  • Name and address of person making application
  • Name and address to whom headstone is being shipped

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know

  • The full name of the soldier
  • Some other identifying information such as the death date or cemetery

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name:
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s headstone application, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Compare what is information is given with what you already know about your ancestor to make sure it is the correct person.

Next, look at the pieces of information given in the headstone application for new information. Add any new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use any information you already know about your ancestor, such as name, rank, company, regiment, etc., to determine previously unknown information such as date of death and cemetery.
  • Use information about religion, found on later versions of the form, to locate church and land records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • The name of the cemetery could lead you to funeral and cemetery records, which often include the names and residences of other family members.
  • Continue to search cemetery records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the deceased who may have been buried in the same cemetery or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • Compile the entries for every person with the same surname. This is especially helpful for rural areas or unusual surnames.
  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • These records are quite reliable, though there is still a chance of misinformation. For example, soldiers often falsified their ages in order to be admitted into the army.

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Additional Information About These Records

In the early frontier years, garrison commanders were expected to bury their dead. During the Civil War, however, the numbers of the dead became too much for them to handle. On September 11, 1861, the War Department began to take command of the responsibility of granting deceased soldiers the privilege of a marked grave.

Most of the applications are for the Civil War and later, but some may apply to earlier wars. Approximately 10% of the forms will have two images. The applications are arranged in alphabetical order by surname, then first name. The Office of the Quartermaster General established a Cemetery Branch. This new branch was responsible for establishing, maintaining, and improving national military cemeteries.

On March 3, 1873, Congress granted burial rights in national military cemeteries to all honorably discharged veterans of the Civil War on March 3, 1873, then extended the privilege of government-provided gravestones to soldiers buried in private cemeteries on February 3, 1879.

For more information, visit the report "Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1941." Applications for Headstones for U.S. Military Veterans.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States Headstone Applications for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1949." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1916. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States, Applications for Headstones for Military Veterans, 1925-1949.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Headstone Applications for U.S. Military Veterans, 1925-1949.