United States, Civil War Confederate Applications for Pardons (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States, Civil War Confederate Applications for Pardons, 1865-1867 .
- 1 Record Description
- 2 How to Use the Record
- 3 Related Websites
- 4 Related Wiki Articles
- 5 Contributions to This Article
- 6 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
The collection consists of applications for pardons, 1865-1867, submitted to President Andrew Johnson by former Confederates excluded from the proclamation of May 29, 1865. The case files include affidavits, oaths of allegiance, recommendation for clemency, and other papers. This collection is part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office,1780 - 1917, National Archives Microfilm Publication M1003. The index is courtesy of Fold3 (formerly Footnote).
During the Civil War, Federal officials recognized a need for new laws to deal with the rebellious acts of large parts of the Southern population. Congress passed acts on July 31, 1861 (12 Stat. 284), and July 17, 1862 (12 Stat. 589), that fixed penalties for the lesser crimes of "conspiracy" and "rebellion." The second act also provided for future pardon and amnesty "to any persons who may have participated in the existing rebellion . . . with such exceptions and at such time and on such conditions as he may deem expedient for the public welfare."
The first amnesty proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on December 8, 1863. It extended pardon to person taking an oath to support the Constitution and the Union and to abide by all Federal laws and proclamations in reference to slavery made during the period of the rebellion.
The records cover the years 1865 to 1867.
The records were created to track those who applied for amnesty.
The records are generally reliable.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2012.
The index includes the following information:
- Petitioner Name
- Place or Residence
- Fold3 (footnote) ID
- NARA Roll Number
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- The name of the person, including nicknames or alias names
- The approximate date
- The residence
Check the surname index
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Find the image
Search the records for the pages or images you listed while searching the index. Compare the information in the records to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors. The following examples show ways you can use the information:
- Use the name, date, and place or residence, to find the ancestor or family in census records.
- Use the place or residence to locate church and land records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Remember to search for all known names including nicknames and aliases.
- Compile the entries for all people who have the same surname as your ancestor, as they may be relatives.
- Occupations or businesses may be leads to additional records such as bank or other military records.
- Case Files of Applications from Former Confederates for Presidential Pardons
- Case Files of Applications From Former Confederates for Presidential Pardons Pamphlet Description M1003
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in this Collection
- United States, Civil War Confederate Applications for Pardon, 1865-1867" index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: ;accessed 30 September 2011). entry for Edward B Fuller, Mississippi; citing Civil War Records, NARA publication M1003, NARA roll 32; Records of the Adjutant General's Office, Orem, Utah, United States.