Difference between revisions of "United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
|location=United States
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
|CID=CID1932431
+
| CID=CID1932431
|title=United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865}} <br>
+
| title= United States Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865
 +
| location= United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Compiled Military Service Records
 +
| record_group_nr = 94
 +
| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/094.html  Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s-1917]
 +
| start_year = 1863
 +
| end_year = 1865
 +
| micro_pub_nr =
 +
| micro_pub_title =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 = 9
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2333780?collectionNameFilter=true Freedmen's Bureau Branch Records]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2432941?collectionNameFilter=true Freedmen's Bureau Claim Records]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1919699?collectionNameFilter=true General Pension Index]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Colored_Troops_in_the_Civil_War United States Colored Troops Military Units]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/African_American_Freedmen%27s_Bureau_Records Freedmen's Bureau Records] 
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1851343?availability=Family%20History%20Library Slave Claims Commission Records,Delaware, Kentucky]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =[[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 =[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] 
 +
| FS_URL_09 =[[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_10 =[[United States Colored Troops in the Civil War]]
 +
| FS_URL_11 =[[28th US Colored Troops|28th US Colored Troops]]
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10461617 Colored Troops Division] 
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com/maps/ Mapping the Freedmen's Bureau: USCT Battle Sites]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10461617 NARA Adjutant General's Office. Colored Troops Division. Organization Authority Record]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/us-colored-troops.pdf NARA Reference Report Military Service in the United States Colored Troops] 
 +
| RW_URL_05 =[http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/provost/provostPDF#cat3 Missouri State Archives USCT troops for the state of Missouri]
 +
| RW_URL_06 =[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncusct/usct.htm U.S. Colored Troops formed in North Carolina]
 +
| RW_URL_07 =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/608295 NARA Records of Slave Claims Commissions, 1867]
 +
| RW_URL_08 =[http://usctchronicle.blogspot.com/ USCT Chronicle Blogspot]
 +
| RW_URL_09 =[http://info.hartwick.edu/usct/usct.htm United States Colored Troops Institute for Local History and Family Research Hartwick College]
 +
| RW_URL_10 =[http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) Searchable Civil War service records
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
 
  
The collection consists or Union service records of soldiers who served in the United States Colored Troops. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
 
 
*Muster rolls
 
*Returns
 
*Rosters
 
*Payrolls
 
*Appointment books
 
*Hospital registers
 
*Union prison registers and rolls
 
*Parole rolls
 
*Inspection reports
 
  
 +
The collection consists of compiled military service records of volunteers who served in the United States Colored Troops. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in original records such as muster rolls, payrolls, hospital and prison records. A file may also include original documents. Many volunteers were former slaves who enlisted after the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office 1780s - 1917. [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/10461617 Colored Troops Division]
 +
 
 
For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm.  
 
For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm.  
 +
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously called Footnote.com).
  
This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office 1780s - 1917 and includes NARA microfilm publications pertaining to the compiled service records of the United States Colored Troops. Index is courtesy of [http://www.fold3.com www.fold3.com] (Previously called Footnote.com).
+
Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers serving with the United States Colored Troops have been microfilmed by the National Archives for the following military units.
 
+
*1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry; 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored); 6th United States Colored Cavalry, M1817, 107 rolls
Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The records cover the years 1863 to 1865.
+
*Artillery Organizations, M1818, 299 rolls
 +
*1st U.S. Colored Infantry, 1st South Carolina Volunteers (Colored) Company A, 1st U.S. Colored Infantry, M1819, 19 rolls
 +
*2nd through 7th Colored Infantry including 3d Tennessee Volunteers (African Descent), 6th Louisiana Infantry ( African Descent), and 7th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent), M1820, 116 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 8th through 13th including the 11(new). M1821, 109 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 14th through 19th, M1822, 105 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 20th through 25th, M1823, 98 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 26th through 30th, Including the 29th Connecticut (Colored), M1824, 108 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 31st through 35th, M1922, 86 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 36th through 40th, M1993, 116 rolls [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1993.pdf NARA Microfilm Pamphlet M1993]
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 41st through 46th, M1994, 113 rolls
 +
*Infantry Organizations, 47th through 55th, M2000, 183 rolls
 +
*54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Colored), M1898, 20 rolls
 +
*55th Massachusetts Infantry (Colored), M1801, 16 rolls
  
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.  
+
After the war, many veterans received assistance from the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, in applying for and receiving pensions. Pension claims may be found among the Bureau’s records.  
 +
Additions to this index will be included as they become available.
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== Collection Content  ==
  
 
The records are in individual files and usually include the following:  
 
The records are in individual files and usually include the following:  
Line 33: Line 85:
 
*A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports  
 
*A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports  
 
*The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
 
*The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
 +
 +
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
  
 
The index to these records contains the following:  
 
The index to these records contains the following:  
Line 44: Line 98:
 
*NARA publication number, title, and roll number
 
*NARA publication number, title, and roll number
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 
+
To begin your search you need to know:
To begin your search you need to know  
+
*The name of your ancestor.
 
+
*The age and birth place of your ancestor.
*The name of your ancestor  
+
*The military unit in which your ancestor served.
*Other identifying information such as age or military unit where served
 
 
 
=== Search the Collection  ===
 
  
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1932431?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
Line 61: Line 112:
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
=== Using the Information ===
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
+
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
 +
 
 +
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
  
 
*Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.  
 
*Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.  
 
*Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
 
*Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
 
+
*Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives.  
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
 
 
 
*Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.  
 
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.  
*If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.
+
*You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
 +
*Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
  
*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System]
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.  
*[http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) Searchable Civil War service records
+
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
== Related Digital Book FamilySearch Catalog ==
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/123097?availability=Family%20History%20Library NARA Guide to Records of the U.S. Colored Troops]
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE9361711&from=fhd Center of Military History Freedom by the Sword The United States Colored Troops, 1862-1867]
  
*[[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]]
 
*[[28th US Colored Troops|28th US Colored Troops]]
 
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
 
*[[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br>
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780-1917, RG 94. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com.}} <br><br>
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1932431
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
|title=United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865
 +
}}<br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
 
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865." Index.. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served with the United States Colored Troops: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}  
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
[[Category:United_States|Military Records]] [[Category:United_States_Military_Records]]
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]

Latest revision as of 15:47, 27 April 2017

United States

Access the Records
United States Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865 .
CID1932431
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Compiled Military Service Records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s-1917
Collection years 1863-1865
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of compiled military service records of volunteers who served in the United States Colored Troops. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in original records such as muster rolls, payrolls, hospital and prison records. A file may also include original documents. Many volunteers were former slaves who enlisted after the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office 1780s - 1917. Colored Troops Division

For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously called Footnote.com).

Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers serving with the United States Colored Troops have been microfilmed by the National Archives for the following military units.

  • 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry; 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored); 6th United States Colored Cavalry, M1817, 107 rolls
  • Artillery Organizations, M1818, 299 rolls
  • 1st U.S. Colored Infantry, 1st South Carolina Volunteers (Colored) Company A, 1st U.S. Colored Infantry, M1819, 19 rolls
  • 2nd through 7th Colored Infantry including 3d Tennessee Volunteers (African Descent), 6th Louisiana Infantry ( African Descent), and 7th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent), M1820, 116 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 8th through 13th including the 11(new). M1821, 109 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 14th through 19th, M1822, 105 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 20th through 25th, M1823, 98 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 26th through 30th, Including the 29th Connecticut (Colored), M1824, 108 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 31st through 35th, M1922, 86 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 36th through 40th, M1993, 116 rolls NARA Microfilm Pamphlet M1993
  • Infantry Organizations, 41st through 46th, M1994, 113 rolls
  • Infantry Organizations, 47th through 55th, M2000, 183 rolls
  • 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Colored), M1898, 20 rolls
  • 55th Massachusetts Infantry (Colored), M1801, 16 rolls

After the war, many veterans received assistance from the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, in applying for and receiving pensions. Pension claims may be found among the Bureau’s records. Additions to this index will be included as they become available.

Collection Content

The records are in individual files and usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The index to these records contains the following:

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search you need to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The age and birth place of your ancestor.
  • The military unit in which your ancestor served.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
  • Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Related Digital Book FamilySearch Catalog


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780-1917, RG 94. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865.



How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.