United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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United States Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1864-1866 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|United States, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Compiled Service Records|
|Record Group||RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office|
|Microfilm Publication||M1017. Compiled Service Records of Former Confederate Soldiers who Served in the 1st through 6th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiments,1864-1866. 65 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||300398 423|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 Collection Content
- 3 What Can this Collection Tell Me?
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing this Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
The collection consists of Union service records of Confederate prisoners of war who enlisted and served in the 1st - 6th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiments. The soldiers enlisted from the prison camps in Point Lookout,Maryland; Columbus, Ohio and Alton, Camp Douglas, Camp Morton and Rock Island, in Illinois. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:
- Muster rolls
- Appointment books
- Hospital registers
- Union prison registers and rolls
- Parole rolls
- Inspection reports
For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M1017. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously known as Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The records cover the years 1864 to 1866.
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate, it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
What Can this Collection Tell Me?
The index to these records contains the following:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name
- Age (often estimated)
- Military unit served in
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search you need to know:
- The name of your ancestor.
- The age of your ancestor.
- The military unit in which your ancestor served.
- The residence of your ancestor.
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
- Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1864-1866" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Former Confederate Soldiers who Served in the 1st through 6th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiments, 1864-1866." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M1017. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1978.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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