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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
|CID=CID1922519
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|title=United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
|location=United States}}<br>
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|CID=CID1922519  
 
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|title=United States Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, 1861-1934
<br>
+
|location=United States
 
+
| LOC_01 =
== Record Description  ==
+
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Pension Files
 +
| record_group_nr =15
 +
| record_group_title = Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
 +
| start_year = 1861
 +
| end_year = 1934
 +
| micro_pub_nr =
 +
| micro_pub_title =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/300020 300020]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]] 
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1919699?collectionNameFilter=true General Pension Index]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =  
 +
| FS_URL_10 =  
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/300020?q=300020 NARA Collection Description]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/pensions.pdf NARA Reference Reports Civil War Union Pensions]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/resources.html NARA Civil War Records]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/spanish-american/service-records.pdf NARA Reference Reports Spanish-American War]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.history.rochester.edu/jssn/page5.htm “United States Civil War Service and Pension Records” James St. John]
 +
}}
  
This Collection will include records from 1861 to 1934.
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
This collection consists of approved pension case files of widows and other dependents of soldiers submitted between 1861 and 1934 and sailors between 1910 and 1934. Some files may be for service in the War with Spain. The files are arranged numerically by certificate number. Orginal files are located at the National Archives in Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration. Index courtesy of Fold3.com (previously Footnote.com). Additional records will be added to this collection as they become available.  
+
This database on FamilySearch.org is a copy of an index provided by www.fold3.com. The index is to images in pension application files uploaded to the fold3 site. The index on FamilySearch.org is only to the files that have been uploaded. These files can be viewed only on the fold3 site.<br>
  
From the onset of the Civil War, the US government granted pensions to widows of men who died in service to the Union Army. Then the Pension Dependent Act of 1890 extended benefits to those who could prove that they were the widows of honorably discharged veterans serving the Union for at least ninety days during the Civil War. A widow also had to provide proof of the soldier’s death, unless it resulted from his military service. An applicant could not have any means of support other than her day labor, and her marriage to the soldier had to occur before 17 June 1890, the date of the act.&nbsp;
+
Since the FamilySearch database is strictly an index to material on another site, the citation format given below is incorrect.&nbsp; Only this index can be cited from this site.&nbsp; Fold3.com provides complete citation information for the actual files, when a researcher accesses that site to view the documents.  
  
These records date from the beginning of the civil war to the end of the Civil War 1861–1865.&nbsp;
+
The FamilySearch copy of the fold3.com index to the Collection will eventually encompass applications for pension beginning from 1861 to 1934.  
  
This index was created to provide a quick access to the pension records. Pension records were created to determine eligibility benefits.  
+
This collection consists of approved pension case files of widows and other dependents of soldiers submitted between 1861 and 1934 and sailors between 1910 and 1934. Some files may be for service in the War with Spain. The files are arranged numerically by certificate number. Original files are located at the National Archives in Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration. Index courtesy of Fold3.com (previously Footnote.com). Additional records will be added to this collection as they become available.  
  
These records are generally accurate. However, some soldiers used aliases and some lied about their names and ages.  
+
From the onset of the Civil War, the US government granted pensions to widows of men who died in service to the Union Army. Then the Pension Dependent Act of 1890 extended benefits to those who could prove that they were the widows of honorably discharged veterans serving the Union for at least ninety days during the Civil War. A widow also had to provide proof of the soldier’s death, unless it resulted from his military service. An applicant could not have any means of support other than her day labor, and her marriage to the soldier had to occur before 17 June 1890, the date of the act.  
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
These records are generally accurate. However, some soldiers used aliases and some lied about their names and ages.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
== Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
{{Collection citation| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->"Case Files of Approved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War Veterans." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2012. <!--bibdescend-->}}
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:Civil War Federal Soldiers' Widows Claims DGS 4591908 2.jpg|Federal Soldiers' Widows Claim
 +
</gallery>  
  
[[United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
  
== Record Content  ==
+
This collection may include:  
 
 
[[Image:Civil War Federal Soldiers' Widows Claims DGS 4591908 2.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
 
 
Key genealogical facts found in this collection may include:  
 
  
 
*Soldier's full name  
 
*Soldier's full name  
Line 46: Line 83:
 
*Miscellaneous information about the soldier such as death date and cause of death
 
*Miscellaneous information about the soldier such as death date and cause of death
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
 
 +
To begin your search you need to know:
 +
 
 +
*The name of the soldier
 +
*The name of the widow
 +
*The age and birth place of the solider
 +
*The military unit in which your soldier served
 +
*The state and county were your soldier lived
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1922519?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
+
Keep in mind:
  
To search for your ancestors in the index you will need to know the name of the widow and the soldier.  
+
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.  
  
For example:
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
  
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.  
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.  
Line 62: Line 115:
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
Remember:
 
 
 
*This index is to widow’s pensions, but you will still need some information on the soldier.  
 
*This index is to widow’s pensions, but you will still need some information on the soldier.  
 
*This index is for widows whose husbands died during the war. It does not include widows whose husbands died after the war.  
 
*This index is for widows whose husbands died during the war. It does not include widows whose husbands died after the war.  
 
*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
*Your ancestor may have used a nickname or an alias. In addition, ages may have been altered to allow men to serve who were not of the appropriate age.
 
*Your ancestor may have used a nickname or an alias. In addition, ages may have been altered to allow men to serve who were not of the appropriate age.
 +
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*[http://www.genealogymagazine.com/cwpensions.html “Civil War (Union) Widows' Pensions Now Online”] - From genealogymagazine.com, record of pensions 20 October 2008
 
*[http://www.history.rochester.edu/jssn/page5.htm “United States Civil War Service and Pension Records” James St. John]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
*[[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]]
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually. <br><br> '''Collection Citation'''<br>
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, 1861-1934." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing "Case Files of Approved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War Veterans, ca. 1861- ca. 1934." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : 2008. NARA NAID 300020. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.}}
  
{{Contributor invite}}
 
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1922519
 +
|title=United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, 1861-1934.
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
 
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}
  
"United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files" Index, ''FamilySearch'' (https://ds.familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F9FL-WWL&nbsp;: accessed 8 May 2012), Betsey Johnson Green widow of Charles M Green; citing Civil War Records, application WC4193; Adjuntant General's Office, NARA, Washington, D.C., United States. FHL digital images, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Index courtesy of Fold 3, Orem, Utah.
 
  
[[Category:United_States|Military]]
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]

Latest revision as of 17:47, 16 November 2016

United States

Access the Records
United States Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, 1861-1934 .
CID1922519
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Pension Files
Record Group RG 15: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs
Collection years 1861-1934
National Archives Identifier 300020
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

This database on FamilySearch.org is a copy of an index provided by www.fold3.com. The index is to images in pension application files uploaded to the fold3 site. The index on FamilySearch.org is only to the files that have been uploaded. These files can be viewed only on the fold3 site.

Since the FamilySearch database is strictly an index to material on another site, the citation format given below is incorrect.  Only this index can be cited from this site.  Fold3.com provides complete citation information for the actual files, when a researcher accesses that site to view the documents.

The FamilySearch copy of the fold3.com index to the Collection will eventually encompass applications for pension beginning from 1861 to 1934.

This collection consists of approved pension case files of widows and other dependents of soldiers submitted between 1861 and 1934 and sailors between 1910 and 1934. Some files may be for service in the War with Spain. The files are arranged numerically by certificate number. Original files are located at the National Archives in Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration. Index courtesy of Fold3.com (previously Footnote.com). Additional records will be added to this collection as they become available.

From the onset of the Civil War, the US government granted pensions to widows of men who died in service to the Union Army. Then the Pension Dependent Act of 1890 extended benefits to those who could prove that they were the widows of honorably discharged veterans serving the Union for at least ninety days during the Civil War. A widow also had to provide proof of the soldier’s death, unless it resulted from his military service. An applicant could not have any means of support other than her day labor, and her marriage to the soldier had to occur before 17 June 1890, the date of the act.

These records are generally accurate. However, some soldiers used aliases and some lied about their names and ages.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

This collection may include:

  • Soldier's full name
  • Name of widow
  • Rank
  • Company
  • Regiment
  • Infantry unit
  • When soldier was commissioned
  • Where soldier was commissioned
  • Amount of pension
  • Date pension started
  • Miscellaneous information about the soldier such as death date and cause of death

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search you need to know:

  • The name of the soldier
  • The name of the widow
  • The age and birth place of the solider
  • The military unit in which your soldier served
  • The state and county were your soldier lived


Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Keep in mind:

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
  • Use the names along with the residence of the widow to locate census, church, and land records.
  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • This index is to widow’s pensions, but you will still need some information on the soldier.
  • This index is for widows whose husbands died during the war. It does not include widows whose husbands died after the war.
  • Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  • Your ancestor may have used a nickname or an alias. In addition, ages may have been altered to allow men to serve who were not of the appropriate age.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing this Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation

"United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, 1861-1934." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing "Case Files of Approved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War Veterans, ca. 1861- ca. 1934." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2008. NARA NAID 300020. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, 1861-1934..


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.