Difference between revisions of "United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch Collection
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
|CID=CID1916234
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|title=United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
|location=United States}} <br>
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|CID=CID1916234  
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|title=United States Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865
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|location=United States
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| LOC_01 =
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| LOC_02 =
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| LOC_03 =
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| record_type = Civil War
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| record_group_nr =
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| record_group_title =
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| start_year = 1861
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| end_year = 1865
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| micro_pub_nr =
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| micro_pub_title =
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| micro_pub_rolls =
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| micro_pub_nr_02 =
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| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
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| arrangement =
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| NAID =
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| language =
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Confederate Prisoner of War Records|Confederate Prisoner of War Records]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Civil Records|United States Civil War]]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861-1865]]
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| FS_URL_04 = [[United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865, Part 2]]
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/confederate/confederate-pows.pdf NARA Reference Report Confederate Prisoners of War]
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| RW_URL_02 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/652414?q=*:* National Archives Confederate POW Collection Description, Camp Lee, Va]
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| RW_URL_03 = [http://civilwarsoldiersearch.com/confederate-prisoner-records.html Confederate Prisoner Records]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This collection consists of an explanation of the records (which is listed as an index) and 429 volumes of Confederate Prisoners of War records. Most of the records are from the War Department's Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners. Others are from the Surgeon General's Office, a few Army commands, and individual prison camps.  
+
This collection consists of an explanation of the records (which is listed as an index) and 429 volumes of Confederate Prisoners of War records. Most of the records are from the War Department's Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners. Others are from the Surgeon General's Office, a few Army commands, and individual prison camps. These records are for the years 1861 to 1865. National Archives microfilm publication M598, Selected Records of the War Department Relating to Confederate Prisoners of War,1861-1865.
  
 
This collection consists of the following lists and registers:  
 
This collection consists of the following lists and registers:  
Line 44: Line 91:
 
This collection includes prisoner lists from the following locations:  
 
This collection includes prisoner lists from the following locations:  
  
{| border="3"
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{| border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
!  
 
!  
 
!  
 
!  
 
|-
 
|-
| AK, Little Rock, Military Prison  
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| AR, Little Rock, Military Prison  
 
| MO, St. Louis, Gratiot &amp; Myrtle Streets Prisons
 
| MO, St. Louis, Gratiot &amp; Myrtle Streets Prisons
 
|-
 
|-
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"The War Department appointed Lt. Col. William Hoffman to be Commissary General of Prisoners in October 1861. Col. Hoffman was responsible for overseeing the handling and treatment of Confederate prisoners of war. In July 1862, the War Department established the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners, an independent agency within the Department, which was responsible for the supervision of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. The Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners was abolished and the Confederate records eventually became part of the Collection of Confederate Records in the War Department. That collection now comprises National Archives Record Group 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records."&nbsp;  
 
"The War Department appointed Lt. Col. William Hoffman to be Commissary General of Prisoners in October 1861. Col. Hoffman was responsible for overseeing the handling and treatment of Confederate prisoners of war. In July 1862, the War Department established the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners, an independent agency within the Department, which was responsible for the supervision of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. The Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners was abolished and the Confederate records eventually became part of the Collection of Confederate Records in the War Department. That collection now comprises National Archives Record Group 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records."&nbsp;  
 
[http://civilwarsoldiersearch.com/confederate-prisoner-records.html Confederate Prisoner Records]&nbsp;
 
 
These records are for the years 1861 to 1866.&nbsp;
 
  
 
Opposing armies kept an account of war prisoners so as to effectively trade them for their own soldiers. Prisoners were exchanged on the following basis:  
 
Opposing armies kept an account of war prisoners so as to effectively trade them for their own soldiers. Prisoners were exchanged on the following basis:  
Line 126: Line 169:
 
Record accuracy depends largely on the accuracy of the document authors and may be subject to inaccuracies.  
 
Record accuracy depends largely on the accuracy of the document authors and may be subject to inaccuracies.  
  
For a list of records by prison currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1916234/waypoints Browse].
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
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|CID=CID1916234
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|title=United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865
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}}
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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==Collection Content ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
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<gallery>
 +
Image:United States,Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War DGS 004859835 00068.jpg|Sample Image
 +
</gallery>
  
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865" Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M598. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
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Information in these records generally include the following:  
 
 
[[United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
[[Image:United States,Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War DGS 004859835 00068.jpg|thumb|right|United States,Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War DGS 004859835 00068.jpg]]
 
 
 
The key genealogical facts in these records. However, they generally include the following:  
 
  
 
*Name of prisoner  
 
*Name of prisoner  
Line 161: Line 201:
 
*Release or transfer date
 
*Release or transfer date
  
== How to Use the Record ==
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== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 
 
To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒ Select the Prisoner or Prison/Station Records ⇒ Select the Document Type which takes you to the images.
 
 
 
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 
  
 
To begin your search you will need to know the following:  
 
To begin your search you will need to know the following:  
Line 172: Line 208:
 
*Location of the prison or states where their regiment served
 
*Location of the prison or states where their regiment served
  
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. You may also want to search the records of other prisons.  
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
'''To browse by image:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links: <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page.<br>⇒Select the "Prisoner or Prison/Station Records". <br>⇒Select the "Document Type" which takes you to the images.  
 +
 
 +
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
  
For example:  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:  
  
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
 
 
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.  
 
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.  
*Use the birth date or age along with the prior residence, enlistment place, or place of birth to locate census, church, and land records.  
+
*Use the birth date or age along with the prior residence, enlistment place, or place of birth to locate census, church, and land records.
*Place of enlistment or previous residence may lead to other military or pension records. Be aware that Confederate pensions were awarded by the individual states.
 
*Prisoners who enlisted in the United States military may have service records or pensions from the United States.&nbsp;
 
  
You may also find these search tips helpful:
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
 +
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
 +
*Place of enlistment or previous residence may lead to other military or pension records. Be aware that Confederate pensions were awarded by the individual states.
 +
*Prisoners who enlisted in the United States military may have service records or pensions from the United States.
 
*Compile a list of other prisoners with the same surname. If the surname is uncommon, they may be relatives.  
 
*Compile a list of other prisoners with the same surname. If the surname is uncommon, they may be relatives.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
==What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?==
  
*[http://civilwarsoldiersearch.com/confederate-prisoner-records.html Confederate Prisoner Records]
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.  
*[http://www.americanwars101.com/pow/1861-1865.html Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps]
+
*Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
*[[Confederate Prisoner of War Records|Confederate Prisoner of War Records]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
*[[United States Civil Records|United States Civil War]]
 
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861-1865]]
 
*[[United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865, Part 2]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br>
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865" Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M598. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
 
+
<br>
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1916234
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
|title=United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865
 
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}}
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
 
 
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
 
 
 
"United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865" &nbsp; digital images, ''FamilySearch'', https://familysearch,org: accessed 29 August 2012). United States, Records of...isoners of War, 1861-1865 &gt; Department of Missouri &gt; Prisoner registers, 1862, v. 318-322 &gt; Image 10 of 38, W J Duncan; citing United States. War Department's Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners; Surgeon General's Office. Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865. Record Group 109, NARA publication M598. Federal Archives and Records Center. Washington D.C.
 
  
[[Category:United_States|Military]]
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[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]

Latest revision as of 17:29, 21 September 2016

United States

Access the Records
United States Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865 .
CID1916234
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Civil War
Collection years 1861-1865
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of an explanation of the records (which is listed as an index) and 429 volumes of Confederate Prisoners of War records. Most of the records are from the War Department's Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners. Others are from the Surgeon General's Office, a few Army commands, and individual prison camps. These records are for the years 1861 to 1865. National Archives microfilm publication M598, Selected Records of the War Department Relating to Confederate Prisoners of War,1861-1865.

This collection consists of the following lists and registers:

  • Prisoners
  • Prisoners deaths and burials
  • Applications for release and released prisoners
  • Prisoners paroled, transferred, escaped, sentenced, and exchanged
  • Confederate deserters
  • Political prisoners
  • Passes issued to visitors
  • Prisoners released for employment on public works
  • Prisoners enlisting in United States service
  • Clothing issued
  • Prisoners' possessions, accounts, ledgers, articles and money received
  • Account of checks and packages received for prisoners
  • Letters sent and received
  • Receipts for letters containing money
  • Morning reports of patients and attendants in the prison hospital
  • Oaths of allegience
  • Roll call books
  • Statistical reports
  • Miscellaneous reports
  • Correspondence of the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners

The collection is divided into the following levels of search:

1. AIDE: Index to Volumes - This search is not a name index. It lists the full description given by the National Archives and Records Administration of the individual lists.

2. The lists arranged by locality. Many of these localities are further divided by individual lists. These lists may be have any of the following:

  • Alphabetical arrangement
  • Chronological arrangement
  • Name index at the beginning of the list
  • Name index at the end of the list

This collection includes prisoner lists from the following locations:

AR, Little Rock, Military Prison MO, St. Louis, Gratiot & Myrtle Streets Prisons
DC, Washington, Old Capitol Prison MO, St. Louis, Gratiot & Myrtle Streets Prisons
DE, Ft. Delaware, Military Prison MS, Ship Island NY, Elmira, Military Prison
Department of Missouri NY, Ft. Columbus, Military Prison
Department of the Gulf NY, Ft. Lafayette, Military Prison
Department of Ohio NY, Hart Island, Prison Camp
District of West Tennessee, Provost Marshal's Office OH, Camp Chase, Military Prison
Division of West Mississippi OH, Cincinnati, McLean Barracks
IL, Alton, Military Prison OH, Johnson's Island, Military Prison
IL, Camp Butler, Military Prison Records of Several Prisons
IL, Camp Douglas, Military Prison Records relating to all prisoners
IL, Rock Island Barracks, Military Prison SC, Hilton Head, Prison Camp
IN, Camp Morton, Military Prison TN, Knoxville
KY, Louisville, Military Prison TN, Memphis, Military Prison
LA, New Orleans TN, Nashville, Department of the Cumberland
MA, Ft. Warren, Military Prison VA, Bowling Green, Provost Marshal's Office
MD, Ft. McHenry, Military Prison VA, Newport News, Military Prison
MD, Point Lookout, Military Prison VA, Richmond

"The War Department appointed Lt. Col. William Hoffman to be Commissary General of Prisoners in October 1861. Col. Hoffman was responsible for overseeing the handling and treatment of Confederate prisoners of war. In July 1862, the War Department established the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners, an independent agency within the Department, which was responsible for the supervision of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. The Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners was abolished and the Confederate records eventually became part of the Collection of Confederate Records in the War Department. That collection now comprises National Archives Record Group 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records." 

Opposing armies kept an account of war prisoners so as to effectively trade them for their own soldiers. Prisoners were exchanged on the following basis:

  • 1 general = 46 privates
  • 1 major general = 40 privates
  • 1 brigadier general = 20 privates
  • 1 colonel = 15 privates
  • 1 lieutenant colonel = 10 privates
  • 1 major = 8 privates
  • 1 captain = 6 privates
  • 1 lieutenant = 4 privates
  • 1 noncommissioned officer = 2 privates

Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps

Record accuracy depends largely on the accuracy of the document authors and may be subject to inaccuracies.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865.

Collection Content

Information in these records generally include the following:

  • Name of prisoner
  • Name of prison
  • Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger
  • Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger

Depending on the list, the following information may also be included:

  • Birth date and place
  • Death date and place
  • Burial date and place
  • Cause of death
  • Age
  • Physical description
  • Names of relatives or friends
  • Enlistment date and place
  • Last residence prior to enlistment
  • Monies exchanged
  • Release or transfer date

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search you will need to know the following:

  • Full name
  • Location of the prison or states where their regiment served

Search the Collection

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page.
⇒Select the "Prisoner or Prison/Station Records".
⇒Select the "Document Type" which takes you to the images.

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:

  • Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the prior residence, enlistment place, or place of birth to locate census, church, and land records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
  • Place of enlistment or previous residence may lead to other military or pension records. Be aware that Confederate pensions were awarded by the individual states.
  • Prisoners who enlisted in the United States military may have service records or pensions from the United States.
  • Compile a list of other prisoners with the same surname. If the surname is uncommon, they may be relatives.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865" Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M598. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.


Image citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865.