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{{Record Search article|CID=CID1834304 |title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866|CID2=CID1845948 |title2=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866|location=United States}}<br>
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
 +
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1834304
 +
| title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866  
 +
|CID2=CID1845948  
 +
|title2=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
 +
| location=United States
 +
| LOC_01 =United states 
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type =
 +
| record_group_nr = 109
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| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/109.html War Department Collection of Confederate Records] 
 +
| start_year =1861
 +
| end_year =1866
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M345
 +
| micro_pub_title = Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 300
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 = M416
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =94
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2133278?q=*:* 2133278]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Union Provost Marshals' File|Union Provost Marshals' File]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Confederate Prisoner of War Records|Confederate Prisoner of War Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [https://s1.sos.mo.gov/records/archives/archivesdb/provost/ Missouri State Archives Provost Marshal Database]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.tnsos.net/TSLA/provost/index.php Tennessee State Library and Archives Union Provost Marshal Name Index]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2133278?q=*:* NARA Collection Description M345 and M416]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/415-confederate-citizens.pdf National Archives Reference Report]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.civilwarhome.com/ProvostMarshal.htm The Provost Marshal and the Citizen]
 +
}}
  
<br>
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
== Record Description  ==
+
This article describes multiple collections covering the years 1861 through 1866.
  
The collection was digitized from microfilm and is arranged alphabetically by the first two or three letters of the surname. It consists of correspondence, provost court papers, lists of transportation permits, claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces, affidavits, oaths of loyalty and other lists. Although the records were kept by the Union Army, they primarily deal with information about confederate citizens and union citizens who were suspected of supporting the confederate cause. itary police of the Union army. They dealt with a wide range of individuals including those who were suspected of disloyalty or of giving aid to the enemy, who violated military orders, were prisoners, were authorized to travel in or to enter the Confederate states, and others. During the war each division, brigade, and corps of the Union Army had a provost marshal.&nbsp;
+
The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of images of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union Army. Records in this collection deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilians suspected of disloyalty, civilian passage through military zones, etc. The records are in Record Group 109 located in the National Archives. This collection corresponds to NARA publication M345: Union Provost Marshals’ File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians.  
  
This collection covers the years from 1861 through 1866.&nbsp;
+
The collection was digitized from microfilm and is arranged alphabetically by the first two or three letters of the surname. It consists of correspondence, provost court papers, lists of transportation permits, claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces, affidavits, oaths of loyalty and other lists.  
  
*Provost marshals kept records of their activities as the military police
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
*Provost courts were established to try civilians who violated military orders as well as military personnel suspected of committing civil crimes
+
|CID=CID1834304
 +
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866
 +
}}
  
These records are usually reliable.  
+
The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of mages of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union army. Records in this collection would deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilains suspected of disloyality, civilians passage through military zones, etc. These files (for two or more citizens) are arranged by file number and date.This is National Archive publication M416.  
  
For a list of records by surnames currently published in the United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866 collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1834304/waypoints Browse].
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1845948
 +
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
 +
}}
  
For a list of records by document type currently published in the United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866 collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1845948/waypoints Browse].
 
  
=== Citations for This Collection  ===
 
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.  
+
== Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Images ===
 +
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 1 DGS 4599818 687.jpg|Example 1
 +
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 2 DGS 4599818 870.jpg|Example 2
 +
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 3 DGS 4599818 874.jpg|Example 3
 +
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 4 DGS 4599818 880.jpg|Example 4
 +
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 5 DGS 4599818 885.jpg|Example 5
 +
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 6 DGS 4599818 890.jpg|Example 6
 +
</gallery>
  
{{Collection citation
+
Although the records were kept by the Union Army, they primarily deal with information about confederate citizens and union citizens who were suspected of supporting the confederate cause. They dealt with a wide range of individuals including those who were suspected of disloyalty or of giving aid to the enemy, who violated military orders, were prisoners, were authorized to travel in or to enter the Confederate states, and others. During the war each division, brigade, and corps of the Union Army had a provost marshal. Be aware that
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->War Department. United States, Union Provost Marshal's file of papers relating to individual civilians. National Archives, Washington D.C.<!--bibdescend-->}}
 
  
[[United States, Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Civilians (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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*Provost marshals kept records of their activities as the military police
 
+
*Provost courts were established to try civilians who violated military orders as well as military personnel suspected of committing civil crimes
== Record Content  ==
 
  
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
+
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 1 DGS 4599818 687.jpg
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 2 DGS 4599818 870.jpg
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 3 DGS 4599818 874.jpg
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 4 DGS 4599818 880.jpg
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 5 DGS 4599818 885.jpg
 
Image:Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians Example 6 DGS 4599818 890.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
  
The records contain a variety of genealogical facts which vary by the individual record. Those most often found in the collection are listed below:  
+
'''The records contain a variety of facts which vary by the individual record'''. Those most often found in the collection are listed below:  
  
 
*Name of civilian  
 
*Name of civilian  
Line 44: Line 93:
 
*Reason why civilian was brought into question  
 
*Reason why civilian was brought into question  
 
*Current residence  
 
*Current residence  
*Occupation
+
*Occupation  
*Legal findings
+
*Legal findings  
 
*Resolution of matter
 
*Resolution of matter
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒ Select the Select a surname range which takes you to the images.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
+
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The state and county of residence for your ancestor
 +
*The occupation of your ancestor
  
Provost marshal records can be used to place an individual in a specific location at a specific time. They can show how individual citizens were involved in the Civil War. They may also indicate the profession of the civilian, as well as other biographical information.
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1834304/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br>⇒Select the “Select a surname range" category which takes you to the images
  
When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct. These records may give initials rather than full names so you should use caution in determining if the record is for your ancestor. If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
+
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
When you have located a document about your ancestor, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, use the residence or locality listed to find the family in census, church and land records.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
*How to find civil war records at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/civil-war/index.html National Archives].
+
When you have located a document about your ancestor, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
*[http://www.civilwarhome.com/ProvostMarshal.htm The Provost Marshal and the Citizen]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in census records
 +
*Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in church records
 +
*Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in land records
 +
*Provost marshal records can be used to place an individual in a specific location at a specific time
 +
*They can show how individual citizens were involved in the Civil War
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
 +
*These records may give initials rather than full names so you should use caution in determining if the record is for your ancestor
 +
*Film numbers referenced will tell you in which of the two records sets you will locate the file<br>
 +
:Film numbers F1580-F1662 indicate that the file is located in "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866"
 +
:All other film numbers designate United States Union Provost Marshal Files of "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866."
  
*[[Union Provost Marshals' File|Union Provost Marshals' File]]
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
*[[Confederate Prisoner of War Records|Confederate Prisoner of War Records]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records. For example an index to Missourians in the collections is available at <br>
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
:[http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/provost/ Index for Missourians in the Provost Marshal's Records]. The dates listed in this index will help you more readily locate the files.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br>
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M345. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}
 +
<br>
 +
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1834304
 +
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866
 +
}} <br>
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M416. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}
 +
<br>
 +
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1845948
 +
|title=United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866
 +
}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
*"United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 8 April 2011. entry for Silas M Donett; citing Provost Marshal Files. Dons-Dov, Image 245; United States War Department.
+
{{Contributor invite}}
*"United States, Union Provost Marshal Filed of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866." index and images ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): entry for Glen Winchester, prisoner from 16th Tennessee Infantry; Citing Provost Marshal Files, Prisons by Location, Gallatin, Tennessee, through New Orleans, La, varying dates, Image 4; United States War Department.
 
  
[[Category:United_States|Military]]
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]

Latest revision as of 15:12, 19 November 2016

United States

Access the Records
United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866  and United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866.
CID1834304
CID1845948
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United states, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Group RG 109: War Department Collection of Confederate Records
Collection years 1861-1866
Microfilm Publication M345. Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians. 300 rolls.
  M416. Union Provost Marshal's File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians. 94 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 2133278
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

This article describes multiple collections covering the years 1861 through 1866.

The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of images of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union Army. Records in this collection deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilians suspected of disloyalty, civilian passage through military zones, etc. The records are in Record Group 109 located in the National Archives. This collection corresponds to NARA publication M345: Union Provost Marshals’ File of Papers Relating to Individual Civilians.

The collection was digitized from microfilm and is arranged alphabetically by the first two or three letters of the surname. It consists of correspondence, provost court papers, lists of transportation permits, claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces, affidavits, oaths of loyalty and other lists.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866.

The collection "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866" consists of mages of records from the United States Provost Marshal during the Civil War. The Provost Marshal served as military police for the Union army. Records in this collection would deal with deserters, Confederate spies, civilains suspected of disloyality, civilians passage through military zones, etc. These files (for two or more citizens) are arranged by file number and date.This is National Archive publication M416.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866.


Collection Content

Sample Images

Although the records were kept by the Union Army, they primarily deal with information about confederate citizens and union citizens who were suspected of supporting the confederate cause. They dealt with a wide range of individuals including those who were suspected of disloyalty or of giving aid to the enemy, who violated military orders, were prisoners, were authorized to travel in or to enter the Confederate states, and others. During the war each division, brigade, and corps of the Union Army had a provost marshal. Be aware that

  • Provost marshals kept records of their activities as the military police
  • Provost courts were established to try civilians who violated military orders as well as military personnel suspected of committing civil crimes

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The records contain a variety of facts which vary by the individual record. Those most often found in the collection are listed below:

  • Name of civilian
  • County and/or state of civilian’s residence
  • Reason why civilian was brought into question
  • Current residence
  • Occupation
  • Legal findings
  • Resolution of matter

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The state and county of residence for your ancestor
  • The occupation of your ancestor

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the “Select a surname range" category which takes you to the images

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located a document about your ancestor, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in census records
  • Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in church records
  • Use the residence or locality listed to find the family in land records
  • Provost marshal records can be used to place an individual in a specific location at a specific time
  • They can show how individual citizens were involved in the Civil War
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • These records may give initials rather than full names so you should use caution in determining if the record is for your ancestor
  • Film numbers referenced will tell you in which of the two records sets you will locate the file
Film numbers F1580-F1662 indicate that the file is located in "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866"
All other film numbers designate United States Union Provost Marshal Files of "United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866."

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records. For example an index to Missourians in the collections is available at
Index for Missourians in the Provost Marshal's Records. The dates listed in this index will help you more readily locate the files.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

"United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M345. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.


Image citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866.

"United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M416. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.


Image citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States, Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians, 1861-1866.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.