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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Archives and Libraries |Archives and Libraries]]''
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{{Template:US-sidebar}}''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United_States_Archives_and_Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]''  
  
The following record repositories have major collections and services helpful for genealogical research. Before you visit an archive or a library, contact the organization and ask for information on the collection, hours, services, and fees.  
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{{TOC left}}<br><br>The following record repositories have major collections and services helpful for genealogical research. Before you visit an archive or a library, contact the organization and ask for information on the collection, hours, services, and fees.  
  
=== National Archives and Records Administration ===
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== Wiki Articles on Major Repositories in the USA ==
  
Pennsylvania Avenue at 8th Street, NW<br>Washington, D.C. 20408<br>Telephone: 202-501-5415<br>Fax: 301-713-6740<br>Internet address: [http://www.nara.gov/ National Archives]  
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[[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives I]]{{·}} [[National Archives at College Park, Maryland|National Archives II]]{{·}} [[National Personnel Records Center (NPRC)]]{{·}} [[Allen County Public Library]]{{·}} [[Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library]]{{·}} [[Family History Library]]{{·}} [[Library of Congress]]{{·}} [[Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center]]{{·}} [[New England Historic Genealogical Society]]{{·}} [[New York Public Library]]{{·}} [[Newberry Library]]
  
The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] (NARA) has a vast collection of documents created by the federal government. The records most often used by genealogists are census, military, land, and immigration records.
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== Online Records ==
  
Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.
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{| style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; border: none;"
:*Eales, Anne Bruner and Robert M. Kvasnicka, ed. ''Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States''. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Nathional Archives and Records Administration, 2000. ([http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AGuide+to+Genealogical+Research+in+the+National+Archives+of+the+United+States  Worldcat]) Explains records collections&nbsp;used most by&nbsp;genealogical researchers: Census, Passenger Arrivals and Border Crossings, Naturalizations, Military, Land, Native Americans, African Americans, and more.  
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| {{Click|Image:US_ORP.png|United States Online Genealogy Records|left}}State-by-state links to online databases and indexes that may include vital records, biographies, cemeteries, censuses, histories, immigration records, land records, maps, military records, naturalizations, newspapers, obituaries, or probate records.<br><br>
:*A National Archives (NARA) descriptive pamphlet (DP) provides helpful information about a microfilm set such as an explanation about the records on the film set, their origin, and a roll-by-roll descriptive list. Reviewing a DP prior to using a film set can increase a researcher's ability to use it successfully in a time-efficient manner.&nbsp; The Special Collections of the [http://www.slcl.org/branches/hq/sc/dps/dplist.htm St. Louis County Library ]has placed on their web site full-text or PDF versions of DPs for some of the NARA microfilm sets.
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*[http://dp.la/ Digital Public Library of America] access to the best of America’s libraries, archives, and museums. See also [[Digital Public Library of America]]
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*[http://www.digitalstatearchives.com/ Online State Archives] - website listing links to all the state archives and highlighting each state's online collections.  
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*[[Mountain West Digital Library]][[Image:National Archives and Records Administration.jpg|thumb|right|280px|Researchers' entrance at National Archives I in Washington, D.C.]]
  
====Digitized NARA Microfilm Publications and Original Records====
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== National Archives and Records Administration  ==
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=== [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives I]] ===
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Pennsylvania Avenue at 8th Street, NW<br>Washington, D.C. 20408<br>Telephone: 202-501-5415<br>Fax: 301-713-6740<br>E-mail: [http://www.archives.gov/contact/inquire-form.html Contact Us] form<br>Internet: [http://www.nara.gov/ National Archives]
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|}
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:'''Archives I''' has nationwide censuses, pre-WWI military service and pensions, passenger lists, naturalizations, passports, federal bounty land, homesteads, bankruptcy, ethnic sources, prisons, and federal employees. The National Archives Building in Washington, DC (Archives I), houses textual and microfilm records relating to genealogy, American Indians, pre-World War II military and naval-maritime matters, the New Deal, the District of Columbia, the Federal courts, and Congress.<ref>[http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/washington/researcher-info.html Information for Researchers at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC] in ''National Archives'' (accessed 31 December 2013).</ref>
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:Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.
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::*Eales, Anne Bruner and Robert M. Kvasnicka, ed. ''Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States''. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Nathional Archives and Records Administration, 2000. ([http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AGuide+to+Genealogical+Research+in+the+National+Archives+of+the+United+States Worldcat]) Explains records collections&nbsp;used most by&nbsp;genealogical researchers: Census, Passenger Arrivals and Border Crossings, Naturalizations, Military, Land, Native Americans, African Americans, and more.
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::*A National Archives (NARA) descriptive pamphlet (DP) provides helpful information about a microfilm set such as an explanation about the records on the film set, their origin, and a roll-by-roll descriptive list. Reviewing a DP prior to using a film set can increase a researcher's ability to use it successfully in a time-efficient manner.&nbsp; The Special Collections of the [http://www.slcl.org/branches/hq/sc/dps/dplist.htm St. Louis County Library ]has placed on their web site full-text or PDF versions of DPs for some of the NARA microfilm sets.
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:'''Digitized NARA Microfilm Publications'''
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::[http://techcrunch.com/2014/06/30/us-national-archives-to-upload-all-holdings-to-wikimedia-commons/ "US National Archives To Upload All Holdings To Wikimedia Commons" ]
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::The National Archives has a list of [http://www.archives.gov/digitization/digitized-by-partners.html digitized records] and links to access them through online databases. It includes pay sites such as Ancestry and Fold3.com that have partnered with the National Archives to digitize many of the archives' records. Read more about the [http://www.archives.gov/digitization digitization program] at the National Archives.
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{| style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; border: none;"
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| [[Image:US National Archives II.jpg|thumb|right|280px|National Archives II at College Park, Maryland]]
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=== [[National Archives at College Park, Maryland|National Archives II]] ===
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8601 Adelphi Road<br>College Park, MD 20740-6001<br>Telephone: 866-272-6272<br>Fax: 301-837-0483<br>E-mail: [http://www.archives.gov/contact/inquire-form.html#part-b I have a question] form<br>Internet: [http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/college-park/ National Archives at College Park, Maryland]
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:'''Archives II''' houses documents created after 1900 at the departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Justice, Labor, State, Transportation, and Treasury, modern military records, passport applications, and District of Columbia records.<ref name="DB2">William Dollarhide and Ronald A. Bremer. ''America's Best Genealogy Resource Centers'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1998), 2. {{WorldCat|39493985}}; {{FHL|728550|item|disp=FHL Ref Book 973 J54d}}.</ref>
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|}
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=== Regional Branches of the National Archives ===
  
The National Archives has a list of [http://www.archives.gov/digitization/digitized-by-partners.html digitized records] and links to access them through online databases. It includes pay sites such as Ancestry and Fold3.com that have partnered with the National Archives to digitize many of the archives' records. Read more about the [http://www.archives.gov/digitization digitization program] at the National Archives.
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Regional branches of the National Archives collect records of federal government offices and courts within the area they serve. These branches are located in or near [[National Archives at Atlanta|Atlanta]], [[National Archives at Boston|Boston]], [[National Archives at Chicago|Chicago]], [[National Archives at Denver|Denver]], [[National Archives at Fort Worth|Fort Worth]], [[National Archives at Kansas City|Kansas City]], [[National Archives at New York City|New York City]], [[National Archives at Philadelphia|Philadelphia]], [[National Archives at Riverside|Riverside]], [[National Archives at San Francisco|San Francisco]], and [[National Archives at Seattle|Seattle]].
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[[Image:StLouisNationalArchives.jpg|thumb|right|250px|National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri]]
  
====National Archives - Regional Branches====
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=== [[National Personnel Records Center (NPRC)]] ===
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1 Archives Drive<br>St. Louis, MO 63138<br>Telephone: &nbsp;314-801-0800<br>Fax: &nbsp;314-801-9195 <br>E-mail: [mailto:MPR.center@nara.gov MPR.center@nara.gov]<br>Internet: [http://www.archives.gov/st-louis/ National Personnel Records Center]
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:The National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). It is the central repository for both the military and civil services personnel-related records. It maintains military personnel records for servicemen and servicewomen discharged from 1912 to 1952* (*i.e. 62 years after discharge). Use '''[http://www.archives.gov/veterans/military-service-records/standard-form-180.html Standard Form SF-180]''' to order files. &nbsp;Records prior to WWI are in Washington, D.C.<ref>Dollarhide and Bremer, 134.</ref> <ref>[http://www.archives.gov/st-louis/ National Archives at St. Louis] in ''National Archives'' (accessed 18 March 2014).</ref>
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[[Image:Allen County Public Library.jpg|thumb|right|175px|Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana]]
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== [[Allen County Public Library]]  ==
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Genealogy Center<br>900 Webster Street (P.O. Box 2270)<br>Fort Wayne, IN 46802<br>Telephone: 219-421-1225<br>E-mail: [mailto:genealogy@acpl.info genealogy@acpl.info]<br>Internet: [http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/ Allen County Public Library]
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:The [http://www.genealogycenter.info/index.php Genealogy Center] houses the second largest genealogy research collection in the United States, and the largest in a public library. It is primarily a North American collection, with some complementary resources for the British Isles and other European countries. One of America's best genealogical libraries. They especially shine in genealogical periodicals, printed county histories, and printed family histories.<ref >Dollarhide and Bremer, 43.</ref> See:
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:*Karen B Cavanaugh, ''A Genealogist’s Guide to the Allen County Public Library, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, 3rd ed''. (Fort Wayne, Ind.: Cavanaugh, 1983). {{WorldCat|10295892}}; The Family History Library has the original 1980 edition titled ''A Genealogist's Guide to the Ft. Wayne, Indiana, Public Library,'' {{FHL|129067|title-id|disp=FHL Book 977.274/F1 A3c}}''.''
  
Regional branches of the National Archives collect records of federal government offices and courts within the area they serve. These branches are located in or near [[National Archives Pacific Alaska Region (Anchorage)|Anchorage]], [[National Archives Southeast Region (Atlanta)|Atlanta]], [[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)|Boston]], [[National Archives Great Lakes Region (Chicago)|Chicago]], [[National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)|Denver]], [[National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth)|Fort Worth]], [http://www.archives.gov/central-plains/kansas-city/index.html Kansas City], [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/riverside/ Los Angeles], [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/nyc/index.html New York] (moving soon), [[National Archives Mid Atlantic Region (Philadelphia)|Philadelphia]], [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html San Francisco], and [http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/seattle/index.html Seattle].
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== [[Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library]] ==
  
===Digital Public Library of America===
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[[Image:Constitution Hall.jpg|right|thumb|280px|DAR Constitution Hall in Washington DC]]76 “D” Street N.W.<br>Washington, D.C. 20006-5392<br>Telephone: 202-879-3229<br>Fax: 202-879-3227<br>Internet address: [http://www.dar.org Daughters of the American Revolution].
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:The DAR Library houses one of the largest genealogical collections in the United States.&nbsp;Its book collection includes more than 150,000 volumes concerning peop<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1265647620812_380" />le and places throughout the nation. The collection focuses primarily on the generation of the American Revolution, but also includes substantial resources for studying people from the colonial period and the nineteenth century. "Through the efforts of local DAR members and chapters nationwide approximately 15,000 volumes of Genealogical Records Committee Reports have entered the Library and constitute a unique source for family histories, cemetery record transcriptions, and Bible records."<ref name="DB2"/> <ref name="null">[http://www.dar.org/library/about.cfm About the Library] in ''DAR Daughters of the American Revolution'' (accessed 8 February 2010).</ref>
  
The [http://dp.la/ Digital Public Library of America] provides a one stop access to the best of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world. It strives to contain the full breadth of human expression, from the written word, to works of art and culture, to records of America’s heritage, to the efforts and data of science. See also [[Digital Public Library of America]]
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== [[Family History Library]] ==
  
===Allen County Public Library===
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[[Image:Family History Library.jpg|thumb|right|280px|Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah]]35 North West Temple Street<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84150<br>Telephone: 801-240-2331<br>Fax: 801-240-1584<br>E-Mail: [mailto:fhl@ldschurch.org fhl@ldschurch.org]<br>Internet: [https://familysearch.org/ FamilySearch] Family Tree pedigrees, Memories photos, Search historical records, Genealogies, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Wiki<br>
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:450 computers, 3,400 databases, 3.1 million microforms, 4,500 periodicals, 310,000 books of worldwide family and local histories, civil, church, immigration, ethnic, military, and Mormon records. Many microfilms are also at branch '''''[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|FamilySearch Centers]]''''' in local LDS churches, and described in their online [[Introduction to the FamilySearch Catalog|FamilySearch Catalog]].<ref name="DB1">Dollarhide and Bremer, 1.</ref>
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:The following guide book will help in using the library. It gives suggestions on preparing to visit the library, genealogy research tips, and helps in using the library.
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::*Parker, J. Carlyle. ''Going to Salt Lake City to Do Family History Research''. 3rd ed. Turlock, California: Marietta Publishing, 1996. {{WorldCat|20057575|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|767755|item|disp=FHL book 979.2258 J5p 1996.}}
  
P.O. Box 2270<br>Fort Wayne, IN 48801<br>Telephone: 219-424-7241<br>Fax: 219-422-9688<br>Internet address: [http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/genealogy/index.html Allen County Public Library]
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== [[Library of Congress]]  ==
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[[Image:Library of Congress Jefferson Building.jpg|thumb|right|450px|Library of Congress Jefferson Building in Washington, D.C.]]101 Independence Ave. SE <br>Thomas Jefferson Building, LJ G4 <br>Washington, D.C. 20540-4660 <br>Telephone:<ref name="ContInfo" /> &nbsp;Reading Room: 202-707-5537<br>Fax:<ref name="ContInfo" /> &nbsp;202-707-1957 <br>E-mail: &nbsp;[http://www.loc.gov/rr/askalib/ask-genealogy.html Ask a Librarian]<ref name="ContInfo">[http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/address.html Contact Information] in ''The Library of Congress'' [Internet site] (accessed 12 May 2010).</ref> <br>Internet: http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/
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:Use this library for its outstanding genealogical guides and indexes. They are part of the world's largest library including 50,000 genealogies, 100,000 local histories, and collections of manuscripts, microfilms, maps, newspapers, photographs, and published material, strong in North American, British Isles, and German sources. The "Local History and Genealogy Reading Room" has moved to the main reading room, but services are unchanged.<ref>[http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/lhgcoll.html The Collections] in ''Local History and Genealogy Reference Services'' in ''Library of Congress'' (accessed 2 February 2014).</ref> <ref name="DB29">Dollarhide and Bremer, 29.</ref>
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:The Library of Congress site has a wonderful [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html American Memory] page that links to more 60 collections, searchable by keyword or time period in a variety of media.
  
The [[Allen County Public Library]] has a very large collection of sources for all states, including U.S. census records, periodicals, and local histories.
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== Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Geneal Center ==
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[[Image:Midwest Genealogy Center 1.jpg|thumb|right|280px|Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center in Independence, Missouri]]'''[[Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center]]'''<br>3440 S. Lee's Summit Road<br>Independence, MO 64055-1923<br>Telephone: 816-836-5200<br>Fax: 816-521-7253 <br>E-mail: [mailto:ge@mymcpl.org ge@mcpl.lib.mo.us]<br>Internet: [http://www.mymcpl.org/genealogy Midwest Genealogy Center]
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:The collection covers the entire United States and includes over 80,000 family history books, 100,000 local history items, 565,000 microfilms and microfiches, and 7,000 maps. Significant holdings include all [[United States Census|federal censuses 1790-1930]] and many indexes, [[Missouri Land and Property|federal land sales in Missouri]] 1818-1903, the [[Tennessee History#The_Draper_Manuscript_Collection|Draper Manuscript Collection]], [[Kentucky Taxation|Kentucky tax records]], Missouri State Penitentiary Records 1836-1931, papers of the St. Louis fur trade, [[African American Slavery and Bondage#Finding_plantation_records|''Records of Antebellum Southern Plantations'']], indexes and [[Compiled Service Records|Compiled Service Records]] of MO Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers, Civil War [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865#Union_Unit_Histories|Union]] and [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865#Confederate_Unit_Histories|Confederate unit histories]], selected [[US Immigration Passenger Arrival Records|passenger arrival lists]], Native American sources, partial state vital records for AL, AR, CA, GA, IL, IN, KY, OR, TX, WA, Massachusetts original town records, city directories, the ''Independence Examiner'', and ''Kansas City Star and Times'', other newspapers (primarily Missouri),&nbsp;''American Biographical Archives'', ''Black Biographical Dictionaries'', ''UMI Genealogy and Local History Series'', and the ''United States Serial Set''.<ref>[http://www.mcpl.lib.mo.us/genlh/about/#microfilm About the Midwest Genealogy Center] at ''Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogical Center'' (accessed 5 May 2010).</ref>
  
=== Daughters of the American Revolution  ===
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[[Image:NEHGS Newbury Street.jpg|thumb|right|210px|NEHGS 101 Newbury St in Boston]]
  
1776 “D” Street N.W.<br>Washington, D.C. 20006-5392<br>Telephone: 202-879-3229<br>Fax: 202-879-3227<br>Internet address: [http://www.dar.org Daughters of the American Revolution].
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== [[New England Historic Genealogical Society]] ==
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101 Newbury Street<br>Boston, Massachusetts 02116-3007<br>Telephone: &nbsp;617-536-5740; Library 617-226-1231<br>Fax: &nbsp;617-536-7307<br>E-mail: &nbsp;[mailto:info@nehgs.org info@nehgs.org]<br>Internet: [http://www.americanancestors.org/home.html AmericanAncestors.org]
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:Best overall collection for New England vital records and probates, and excellent collection for Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, and Europe. The manuscript collection for members only has diaries, letters, account books, business papers, church and town records, sermons, maps, wills, deeds, unpublished town and family genealogies, photos, and papers of the region's best genealogists since 1850.<ref name="DB55759">Dollarhide and Bremer, 5, 57, and 59.</ref>
  
Daughters of the American Revolution is a national society. Its library in Washington, D.C. has one of the largest genealogical collections in the United States.
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== [[New York Public Library]]  ==
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[[Image:New York Public Library exterior.jpg|thumb|right|280px|New York Public Library in Manhattan]]
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Local History and Genealogy Division<br>Fifth Avenue &amp; 42nd Street<br>New York, NY 10018<br>Telephone: 212-930-0828<br>Fax: 212-921-2546<br>E-mail: [mailto:histref@nypl.org histref@nypl.org]<br>Internet address: [http://www.nypl.org/ New York Public Library]
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:The New York Public Library's [http://www.nypl.org/collections collection] is one of the largest in the world with over 14 million titles. The '''Irma and Paul Milstein Division of U.S. History, Local History and Genealogy''' has an outstanding collection of American history at national, state and local levels; international genealogy and heraldry in Roman alphabets; the Dorot Jewish collection; photos; New York censuses, directories, and vital records. The Milstein Division acquires materials beyond the local region. The United States town, city, county and state history collection is national in scope.<ref>[http://www.nypl.org/locations/schwarzman/milstein-division-us-history-local-history-genealogy Irma and Paul Milstein Division of U.S. History, Local History and Genealogy] in ''New York Public Library'' (accessed 16 October 2010).</ref> Books requested in the Bill Blass Public Catalog Room are delivered to the Rose Reading Room. The open shelf dictionaries, encyclopedias, biographies, and indexes alone include 25,000 volumes.
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:The library has computers with Internet access including the most popular genealogical databases, and free Wi-Fi for personal computers of visitors. The '''Milstein Microfilm Room''' gives access to New York State censuses, New York City directories, and indexes to New York City vital records (births late 19th century-1982; deaths late 19th century-1982; and marriages 1869-1937), coroner's inquisitions 1823-1898, divorce index 1784-1910, 1890 New York City “Police” Census, New York City historical newspapers, NYC land and property records 1654-1857, 18th and 19th century wills for many counties.  
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:In addition, the '''Manuscripts and Archives Division''', 3rd floor, has about 30,000 feet (9,144 meters) of archival papers of individuals, families, and organizations mostly from the New York area. The '''Rare Book Division''', 3rd Floor, has 130,000 titles from Europe, England, and the Americas. The '''Art, Prints and Photographs Division''', 3rd floor, has 200,000 prints.
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:The New York Public Library now houses the '''New York Genealogical and Biographical Society's&nbsp;'''collection. All of their collection has been cataloged and is located in the New York Public Library's [http://www.nypl.org/collections online catalog.]
  
{{See|Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library}}
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== [[Newberry Library]] ==
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[[Image:Newberry Library.jpg|thumb|right|right|280px|Newberry Library in Chicago, Illinois]]60 West Walton Street<br> Chicago, IL 60610<br> Telephone: 312-255-3512<br>E-mail: [https://www.newberry.org/contact-librarian Contact a Librarian] form<br>Internet: [http://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library]
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:A large Chicago repository with genealogies, local histories, censuses, military, land, indexes, vital records, court, and tax records many from Illinois, the Mississippi Valley, eastern seaboard, Canada, and the British Isles.<ref>[http://www.newberry.org/genealogy-and-local-history Genealogy and Local History] in ''The Newberry'' (accessed 27 February 2015).</ref> They have over 17,000 printed genealogies. The collection is noteworthy for its colonial America, especially New England holdings. They have church, town, and county histories from all parts of the United States, Canada, and the British Isles. This includes a comprehensive set of New England town histories, and strong collection of county histories from the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic states. Their Civil War unit histories collection is one of the best.<ref name="DB39">Dollarhide and Bremer, 39.</ref> This library has research guides on various subjects related to genealogy and library holdings cataloged from 1978. &nbsp;See
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:*[http://www.newberry.org/genealogy-collection-guides-and-research-tools Genealogy Collection Guides and Research Tools] for more information about the collections.&nbsp;''<br>''
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:*A surname index to genealogical periodicals and local history books in the Newberry Library was completed in 1915 and published as ''The Genealogical Index of the Newberry Library''<ref>''The Genealogical Index of the Newberry Library''. Boston, Massachusetts: G.K. Hall, 1960. {{WorldCat|83367401}}  {{FHL|130151|item|disp=FHL films 928135–928137}} and {{FHL|130151|item|disp=FHL book 973 D22n vols. 1–4}}</ref>&nbsp;Since this index is old, be sure to use the [http://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/Genealogical%20Index.pdf online guide sheet] to this collection before using the source.
  
=== Family History Library ===
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== Other Major Genealogical Collections ==
  
35 N. West Temple Street<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3400<br>Telephone: 801-240-2331<br>Fax: 801-240-1584<br>Internet address: [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch]<br>
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The following repositories also have exceptional genealogical collections. These libraries collect major national sources as well as records of the states they serve. There is a page in this Wiki for each repository which includes contact information, a brief description of their collection, and list of alternative repositories with related collections.
  
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*[[American Antiquarian Society]] (Worcester, Massachusetts)
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*[[Bancroft Library]] (University of California, Berkeley)
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*[[Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library]] (Provo, Utah)
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*[[Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research]] (Houston, Texas)
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*[[Dallas Public Central Library]] (Dallas, Texas)
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*[[Detroit Public Main Library]] (Detroit, Michigan)
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*[[Historical Society of Pennsylvania]] (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
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*[[Library of Virginia]] (Richmond, Virginia)
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*[[Los Angeles Public Library]] (Los Angeles, California)
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*[[Maryland State Archives]] (Annapolis, Maryland)
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*[[Oklahoma Historical Society]] (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)
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*[[Pritzker Military Museum and Library]] (Chicago, Illinois)
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*[[St. Louis County Library]] (St. Louis, Missouri) includes the ''National Genealogical Society'' collection
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*[[Sutro Library]] (San Francisco State University, California)
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*[[Tennessee State Library and Archives]] (Nashville, Tennessee)
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*[[Western Reserve Historical Society]] (Cleveland, Ohio)
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*[[Wisconsin Historical Society]] (Madison, Wisconsin)
  
For more details see [[Family History Library|Family History Library]].
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== Other Kinds of Repositories for Genealogists ==
 
 
=== Library of Congress  ===
 
 
 
Genealogy and Local History Reading Room<br>101 Independence Ave. at First Street, S.E.<br>Washington, D.C. 20504<br>Telephone: 202-707-5000<br>Fax: 202-707-5844<br>Internet address: [http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/ Library of Congress, Local History and Genealogy Reading Room]
 
 
 
The [[Library of Congress|Genealogical and Local History Reading Room of the Library of Congress]] has a large collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, directories, maps, and newspapers.
 
 
 
The Library of Congress site has a wonderful [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html American Memory] page that links to more 60 collections, searchable by keyword or time period in a variety of media.
 
 
 
=== New England Historic Genealogical Society  ===
 
 
 
101 Newbury Street<br>Boston, MA 02116-3087<br>Telephone: 617-536-5740<br>Fax: 617-536-7307<br>Internet address: [http://www.americanancestors.org New England Historic Genealogical Society]
 
 
 
The society's collections of New England family and local histories and manuscripts are especially helpful. Members can borrow printed resources from their lending library.
 
 
 
{{See|New England Historic Genealogical Society}}
 
 
 
=== New York Public Library  ===
 
 
 
Local History and Genealogy Division<br>Fifth Avenue &amp; 42nd Street<br>New York, NY 10018<br>Telephone: 212-930-0828<br>Fax: 212-921-2546<br>Internet address: [http://www.nypl.org/ New York Public Library]
 
 
 
The [[New York Public Library]] has collected many published sources, such as local histories, city directories, maps, newspapers, and genealogies.
 
 
 
=== Newberry Library  ===
 
 
 
60 West Walton Street <br>Chicago, IL 60610-3394<br>(312) 943-9090<br>(312) 255-3513&nbsp; fax<br><br>The [http://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library] was established in 1887 with a bequest from the estate of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Loomis_Newberry Walter Loomis Newberry].&nbsp; A privately endowed independent research library, their collections are free and open to the public.&nbsp; The library's [http://www.newberry.org/genealogy/guides.html Genealogy Collection] includes more than 17,000 published family histories, and an extensive collection of local histories, military records, published indexes and abstracts, manuscripts and published sources.
 
 
 
===Other major United States libraries with genealogical collections===
 
 
 
The following libraries also have exceptional genealogical collections. These libraries collect major national sources as well as records of the states they serve.
 
 
 
*[http://www.americanantiquarian.org/ American Antiquarian Society (Worcester, Massachusetts)]
 
*[[Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library|Harold B. Lee Library]] (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah) [http://www.lib.byu.edu/ Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University]
 
*[http://dallaslibrary.org/ Dallas Public Library]
 
*[http://www.detroit.lib.mi.us/ Detroit Public Library]
 
*[http://www.hsp.org/ Historical Society of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)]
 
*[http://www.lapl.org/ Los Angeles Public Library]
 
*[[Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center|Mid-Continent Public Library]] (Independence, Missouri) [http://www.mcpl.lib.mo.us/ Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center]
 
*[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/ Wisconsin Historical Society (Madison, Wisconsin)]
 
*[http://www.onelibrary.com/Library/calslsut.htm Sutro Library (San Francisco State University)]
 
*[http://www.wrhs.org/ Western Reserve Historical Society (Cleveland, Ohio)]
 
*[[Mountain West Digital Library]]
 
  
 
Your local public library can help you locate these and other archives and libraries. Current directories include:  
 
Your local public library can help you locate these and other archives and libraries. Current directories include:  
  
 
:*GoldenWest Marketing, [http://www.gwest.org/gen_libs.htm ''Directory of Genealogy Libraries in the United States'']. Offers addresses, phone numbers, and web links to libraries with varying degrees of genealogical holdings; arranged by state.
 
:*GoldenWest Marketing, [http://www.gwest.org/gen_libs.htm ''Directory of Genealogy Libraries in the United States'']. Offers addresses, phone numbers, and web links to libraries with varying degrees of genealogical holdings; arranged by state.
 +
:*[http://oedb.org/ilibrarian/250-plus-killer-digital-libraries-and-archives/ State by State listing of Digital Archives and Libraries]
 +
:*[https://www.statearchivists.org/connect/resources-state/ Council of State Archivists].
 +
:*See also the Wiki page '''[[American Indian Archives and Libraries]].'''
  
Previously published directories include:
+
Previously published directories include:  
 
:*''American Library Directory''. 53rd Edition. New Providence, New Jersey: R. R. Bowker, 2000-2001. (FHL {{FHL|985678|title-id|disp=973 J54a 2000}}, 2 vol.) Alphabetical by state and town. Lists addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and describes each library's holdings and special interests.  
 
:*''American Library Directory''. 53rd Edition. New Providence, New Jersey: R. R. Bowker, 2000-2001. (FHL {{FHL|985678|title-id|disp=973 J54a 2000}}, 2 vol.) Alphabetical by state and town. Lists addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and describes each library's holdings and special interests.  
:**65th Edition being published May, 2013.
+
:**65th Edition being published May, 2013.  
 
:*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty. ''The Genealogist's Address Book''. Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. (FHL 973 {{FHL|1316554|title-id|disp=D24ben 2005.)}} Includes national, state, ethnic, religious, historical, adoption, computer interest group, and vendor addresses with telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, supervisors, and repository hours.  
 
:*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty. ''The Genealogist's Address Book''. Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. (FHL 973 {{FHL|1316554|title-id|disp=D24ben 2005.)}} Includes national, state, ethnic, religious, historical, adoption, computer interest group, and vendor addresses with telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, supervisors, and repository hours.  
:*A directory of many repositories and manuscript collections is:<br>The National Historical Publications and Records Commission. ''Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States''. Second Edition. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1988. (FHL {{FHL|643768|title-id|disp=973 J54u}} 1988; 1978 Edition on fiche {{FHL|11301|title-id|disp=6010080-89}}.) <!--{12054106989060} -->
+
:*The National Historical Publications and Records Commission. ''Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States''. Second Edition. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1988. (FHL {{FHL|643768|title-id|disp=973 J54u}} 1988; 1978 Edition on fiche {{FHL|11301|title-id|disp=6010080-89}}.)
  
===University Libraries with special collections===
+
=== University Libraries with special collections ===
  
Most large universities have a special collections division of their university library. Some of these repositories have extensive collections of local and state historical documents, including many individual record collections. Carefully search the university library catalog for references to the individuals you are researching. Access to the special collections may be very restricted, so check with the library about any restrictions before visiting.
+
Most large universities have a special collections division in their library. Some of these repositories have extensive collections of local and state historical documents, including many individual record collections. Carefully search the university library catalog for references to the individuals you are researching. Access to the special collections may be very restricted, so check with the library about any restrictions before visiting.  
  
=== Federal Repository Libraries  ===
+
=== Federal Depository Libraries  ===
  
The federal government has designated at least one library in each state (generally a major university library) to receive a copy of published federal records. These include a wide variety of topics, such as pension lists, private land claims, veterans' burial lists, and individuals' petitions to Congress.
+
The federal government has designated at least one library in each state (generally a major university library) to receive a copy of published federal records. These include a wide variety of topics, such as pension lists, private land claims, veterans' burial lists, and individuals' petitions to Congress. For their locations see the [https://catalog.gpo.gov/fdlpdir/FDLPdir.jsp Federal Depository Library Directory] online.
  
 
=== State Archives and State Libraries  ===
 
=== State Archives and State Libraries  ===
  
Each state has a state archive or a state library. Many states have both. These serve as the repositories for state and county government records. They often have some federal records as well, such as the U.S. census schedules for the state. A comprehensive list of [http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/other_state_archives state archives] and their websites is available from the Georgia Secretary of State's website for anyone wanting to find a specific state archive.
+
Each state has a state archive or a state library. Many states have both. These serve as the repositories for state and county government records. They often have some federal records as well, such as the U.S. census schedules for the state. A list of all of the state archives and libraries is kept up to date on the webpage for the [http://www.statearchivists.org/states.htm Council of State Archivists] website. Another comprehensive list of [http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/other_state_archives state archives] and their websites is available from the Georgia Secretary of State's website for anyone wanting to find a specific state archive.  
  
Also see the state Archives and Libraries wiki articles (links below) for more information on these and other archives in each state.
+
Also see each state's '''''Archives and Libraries''''' wiki article (links below) for more information on these and other archives in each state.  
 
 
=== <center>Archives and Libraries in each State</center>  ===
 
 
 
<center>{{Archives and Libraries States}}</center>
 
 
 
<center>'''Territories and Federal District'''</center><br>
 
 
 
<center>{{Archives and Libraries Territories}}</center>
 
  
 +
=== Archives and Libraries in each State ===
 +
<center>{{Archives and Libraries States}}</center> <center>'''Territories and Federal District'''</center> <center>{{Archives and Libraries Territories}}</center>
 
=== County and Town Courthouses  ===
 
=== County and Town Courthouses  ===
  
 
Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county and town courthouses are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.  
 
Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county and town courthouses are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.  
  
The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. The county Wiki articles provide further information on how to obtain these records.  
+
The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. Each county's Wiki article provides further information on how to obtain these records.  
  
 
Easy-to-use sources that list the various county offices in each state and the types of records at each office are:  
 
Easy-to-use sources that list the various county offices in each state and the types of records at each office are:  
  
:*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty.''County Courthouse Book''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. (FHL {{FHL|754831|title-id|disp=973 D24bena}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33396232 Worldcat])
+
:*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty.''County Courthouse Book''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. (FHL {{FHL|754831|title-id|disp=973 D24bena}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33396232 Worldcat])  
 
:*''The Handy Book for Genealogists: United States of America''. Tenth edition. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishing, 2006. (FHL {{FHL|1362899|title-id|disp=973 D27e}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/62744825 Worldcat]) The Handy Book also lists the county seat and zip code.
 
:*''The Handy Book for Genealogists: United States of America''. Tenth edition. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishing, 2006. (FHL {{FHL|1362899|title-id|disp=973 D27e}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/62744825 Worldcat]) The Handy Book also lists the county seat and zip code.
  
Line 138: Line 158:
 
:*''Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada''. 15th Edition. Nashville, Tennessee: American Association for State and Local History, 2001. (FHL {{FHL|1007248|title-id|disp=970 H24d}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48910178 Worldcat])
 
:*''Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada''. 15th Edition. Nashville, Tennessee: American Association for State and Local History, 2001. (FHL {{FHL|1007248|title-id|disp=970 H24d}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48910178 Worldcat])
  
=== Inventories, Registers, Catalogs  ===
+
== Inventories, Registers, and Catalogs  ==
  
 
Most archives have catalogs, inventories, guides, or periodicals that describe their records and how to use them. If possible, study these guides before you visit an archive so that you can use your time more effectively. Many of these are available at the Family History Library, at your public or university library, or through interlibrary loan.  
 
Most archives have catalogs, inventories, guides, or periodicals that describe their records and how to use them. If possible, study these guides before you visit an archive so that you can use your time more effectively. Many of these are available at the Family History Library, at your public or university library, or through interlibrary loan.  
Line 146: Line 166:
 
:*Schaefer, Christina K. ''The Center: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996. (FHL {{FHL|770597|title-id|disp=975.3 A3sc}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+Center%3A+Guide+to+Genealogical+Research+in+the+National+Capital+Area Worldcat]) This describes the records and services of the National Archives, Library of Congress, Daughters of the American Revolution Library, and other repositories in the Washington, DC area.
 
:*Schaefer, Christina K. ''The Center: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996. (FHL {{FHL|770597|title-id|disp=975.3 A3sc}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+Center%3A+Guide+to+Genealogical+Research+in+the+National+Capital+Area Worldcat]) This describes the records and services of the National Archives, Library of Congress, Daughters of the American Revolution Library, and other repositories in the Washington, DC area.
  
 +
[http://archives.chadwyck.com/marketing/index.jsp Archive Finder] ($) is a current directory which describes over 220,000 collections of primary source material housed in thousands of repositories across the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland.
  
 +
== References  ==
  
 
+
{{reflist}}
{{Place|United States}}  
+
{{United States Combo}}
 
+
{{H-langs|en=United States Archives and Libraries|fr=Etats-Unis : Archives et Bibliothèques}}
[[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:United_States_Repositories]] [[Category:National_Archives_and_Records_Administration]] [[Category:Family_History_Library]]
+
[[Category:United_States_Archives_and_Libraries]]

Latest revision as of 20:14, 6 January 2017

United States Wiki Topics
Liberty-statue-from-below.jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
United States Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources

United States Gotoarrow.png Archives and Libraries



The following record repositories have major collections and services helpful for genealogical research. Before you visit an archive or a library, contact the organization and ask for information on the collection, hours, services, and fees.

Wiki Articles on Major Repositories in the USA

National Archives I · National Archives II · National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) · Allen County Public Library · Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library · Family History Library · Library of Congress · Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center · New England Historic Genealogical Society · New York Public Library · Newberry Library

Online Records

US ORP.png
State-by-state links to online databases and indexes that may include vital records, biographies, cemeteries, censuses, histories, immigration records, land records, maps, military records, naturalizations, newspapers, obituaries, or probate records.

National Archives and Records Administration

National Archives I

Pennsylvania Avenue at 8th Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20408
Telephone: 202-501-5415
Fax: 301-713-6740
E-mail: Contact Us form
Internet: National Archives

Archives I has nationwide censuses, pre-WWI military service and pensions, passenger lists, naturalizations, passports, federal bounty land, homesteads, bankruptcy, ethnic sources, prisons, and federal employees. The National Archives Building in Washington, DC (Archives I), houses textual and microfilm records relating to genealogy, American Indians, pre-World War II military and naval-maritime matters, the New Deal, the District of Columbia, the Federal courts, and Congress.[1]
Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the Family History Library, other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.
  • Eales, Anne Bruner and Robert M. Kvasnicka, ed. Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Nathional Archives and Records Administration, 2000. (Worldcat) Explains records collections used most by genealogical researchers: Census, Passenger Arrivals and Border Crossings, Naturalizations, Military, Land, Native Americans, African Americans, and more.
  • A National Archives (NARA) descriptive pamphlet (DP) provides helpful information about a microfilm set such as an explanation about the records on the film set, their origin, and a roll-by-roll descriptive list. Reviewing a DP prior to using a film set can increase a researcher's ability to use it successfully in a time-efficient manner.  The Special Collections of the St. Louis County Library has placed on their web site full-text or PDF versions of DPs for some of the NARA microfilm sets.
Digitized NARA Microfilm Publications
"US National Archives To Upload All Holdings To Wikimedia Commons"
The National Archives has a list of digitized records and links to access them through online databases. It includes pay sites such as Ancestry and Fold3.com that have partnered with the National Archives to digitize many of the archives' records. Read more about the digitization program at the National Archives.
National Archives II at College Park, Maryland

National Archives II

8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD 20740-6001
Telephone: 866-272-6272
Fax: 301-837-0483
E-mail: I have a question form
Internet: National Archives at College Park, Maryland

Archives II houses documents created after 1900 at the departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Justice, Labor, State, Transportation, and Treasury, modern military records, passport applications, and District of Columbia records.[2]

Regional Branches of the National Archives

Regional branches of the National Archives collect records of federal government offices and courts within the area they serve. These branches are located in or near Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Fort Worth, Kansas City, New York City, Philadelphia, Riverside, San Francisco, and Seattle.

National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri

National Personnel Records Center (NPRC)

1 Archives Drive
St. Louis, MO 63138
Telephone:  314-801-0800
Fax:  314-801-9195
E-mail: MPR.center@nara.gov
Internet: National Personnel Records Center

The National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). It is the central repository for both the military and civil services personnel-related records. It maintains military personnel records for servicemen and servicewomen discharged from 1912 to 1952* (*i.e. 62 years after discharge). Use Standard Form SF-180 to order files.  Records prior to WWI are in Washington, D.C.[3] [4]
Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana

Allen County Public Library

Genealogy Center
900 Webster Street (P.O. Box 2270)
Fort Wayne, IN 46802
Telephone: 219-421-1225
E-mail: genealogy@acpl.info
Internet: Allen County Public Library

The Genealogy Center houses the second largest genealogy research collection in the United States, and the largest in a public library. It is primarily a North American collection, with some complementary resources for the British Isles and other European countries. One of America's best genealogical libraries. They especially shine in genealogical periodicals, printed county histories, and printed family histories.[5] See:
  • Karen B Cavanaugh, A Genealogist’s Guide to the Allen County Public Library, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, 3rd ed. (Fort Wayne, Ind.: Cavanaugh, 1983). WorldCat 10295892; The Family History Library has the original 1980 edition titled A Genealogist's Guide to the Ft. Wayne, Indiana, Public Library, FHL Book 977.274/F1 A3c.

Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library

DAR Constitution Hall in Washington DC
76 “D” Street N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006-5392
Telephone: 202-879-3229
Fax: 202-879-3227
Internet address: Daughters of the American Revolution.
The DAR Library houses one of the largest genealogical collections in the United States. Its book collection includes more than 150,000 volumes concerning people and places throughout the nation. The collection focuses primarily on the generation of the American Revolution, but also includes substantial resources for studying people from the colonial period and the nineteenth century. "Through the efforts of local DAR members and chapters nationwide approximately 15,000 volumes of Genealogical Records Committee Reports have entered the Library and constitute a unique source for family histories, cemetery record transcriptions, and Bible records."[2] [6]

Family History Library

Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah
35 North West Temple Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84150
Telephone: 801-240-2331
Fax: 801-240-1584
E-Mail: fhl@ldschurch.org
Internet: FamilySearch Family Tree pedigrees, Memories photos, Search historical records, Genealogies, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Wiki
450 computers, 3,400 databases, 3.1 million microforms, 4,500 periodicals, 310,000 books of worldwide family and local histories, civil, church, immigration, ethnic, military, and Mormon records. Many microfilms are also at branch FamilySearch Centers in local LDS churches, and described in their online FamilySearch Catalog.[7]
The following guide book will help in using the library. It gives suggestions on preparing to visit the library, genealogy research tips, and helps in using the library.

Library of Congress

Library of Congress Jefferson Building in Washington, D.C.
101 Independence Ave. SE
Thomas Jefferson Building, LJ G4
Washington, D.C. 20540-4660
Telephone:[8]  Reading Room: 202-707-5537
Fax:[8]  202-707-1957
E-mail:  Ask a Librarian[8]
Internet: http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/
Use this library for its outstanding genealogical guides and indexes. They are part of the world's largest library including 50,000 genealogies, 100,000 local histories, and collections of manuscripts, microfilms, maps, newspapers, photographs, and published material, strong in North American, British Isles, and German sources. The "Local History and Genealogy Reading Room" has moved to the main reading room, but services are unchanged.[9] [10]
The Library of Congress site has a wonderful American Memory page that links to more 60 collections, searchable by keyword or time period in a variety of media.

Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Geneal Center

Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center in Independence, Missouri
Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center
3440 S. Lee's Summit Road
Independence, MO 64055-1923
Telephone: 816-836-5200
Fax: 816-521-7253
E-mail: ge@mcpl.lib.mo.us
Internet: Midwest Genealogy Center
The collection covers the entire United States and includes over 80,000 family history books, 100,000 local history items, 565,000 microfilms and microfiches, and 7,000 maps. Significant holdings include all federal censuses 1790-1930 and many indexes, federal land sales in Missouri 1818-1903, the Draper Manuscript Collection, Kentucky tax records, Missouri State Penitentiary Records 1836-1931, papers of the St. Louis fur trade, Records of Antebellum Southern Plantations, indexes and Compiled Service Records of MO Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers, Civil War Union and Confederate unit histories, selected passenger arrival lists, Native American sources, partial state vital records for AL, AR, CA, GA, IL, IN, KY, OR, TX, WA, Massachusetts original town records, city directories, the Independence Examiner, and Kansas City Star and Times, other newspapers (primarily Missouri), American Biographical Archives, Black Biographical Dictionaries, UMI Genealogy and Local History Series, and the United States Serial Set.[11]
NEHGS 101 Newbury St in Boston

New England Historic Genealogical Society

101 Newbury Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116-3007
Telephone:  617-536-5740; Library 617-226-1231
Fax:  617-536-7307
E-mail:  info@nehgs.org
Internet: AmericanAncestors.org

Best overall collection for New England vital records and probates, and excellent collection for Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, and Europe. The manuscript collection for members only has diaries, letters, account books, business papers, church and town records, sermons, maps, wills, deeds, unpublished town and family genealogies, photos, and papers of the region's best genealogists since 1850.[12]

New York Public Library

New York Public Library in Manhattan

Local History and Genealogy Division
Fifth Avenue & 42nd Street
New York, NY 10018
Telephone: 212-930-0828
Fax: 212-921-2546
E-mail: histref@nypl.org
Internet address: New York Public Library

The New York Public Library's collection is one of the largest in the world with over 14 million titles. The Irma and Paul Milstein Division of U.S. History, Local History and Genealogy has an outstanding collection of American history at national, state and local levels; international genealogy and heraldry in Roman alphabets; the Dorot Jewish collection; photos; New York censuses, directories, and vital records. The Milstein Division acquires materials beyond the local region. The United States town, city, county and state history collection is national in scope.[13] Books requested in the Bill Blass Public Catalog Room are delivered to the Rose Reading Room. The open shelf dictionaries, encyclopedias, biographies, and indexes alone include 25,000 volumes.
The library has computers with Internet access including the most popular genealogical databases, and free Wi-Fi for personal computers of visitors. The Milstein Microfilm Room gives access to New York State censuses, New York City directories, and indexes to New York City vital records (births late 19th century-1982; deaths late 19th century-1982; and marriages 1869-1937), coroner's inquisitions 1823-1898, divorce index 1784-1910, 1890 New York City “Police” Census, New York City historical newspapers, NYC land and property records 1654-1857, 18th and 19th century wills for many counties.
In addition, the Manuscripts and Archives Division, 3rd floor, has about 30,000 feet (9,144 meters) of archival papers of individuals, families, and organizations mostly from the New York area. The Rare Book Division, 3rd Floor, has 130,000 titles from Europe, England, and the Americas. The Art, Prints and Photographs Division, 3rd floor, has 200,000 prints.
The New York Public Library now houses the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society's collection. All of their collection has been cataloged and is located in the New York Public Library's online catalog.

Newberry Library

Newberry Library in Chicago, Illinois
60 West Walton Street
Chicago, IL 60610
Telephone: 312-255-3512
E-mail: Contact a Librarian form
Internet: Newberry Library
A large Chicago repository with genealogies, local histories, censuses, military, land, indexes, vital records, court, and tax records many from Illinois, the Mississippi Valley, eastern seaboard, Canada, and the British Isles.[14] They have over 17,000 printed genealogies. The collection is noteworthy for its colonial America, especially New England holdings. They have church, town, and county histories from all parts of the United States, Canada, and the British Isles. This includes a comprehensive set of New England town histories, and strong collection of county histories from the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic states. Their Civil War unit histories collection is one of the best.[15] This library has research guides on various subjects related to genealogy and library holdings cataloged from 1978.  See
  • Genealogy Collection Guides and Research Tools for more information about the collections. 
  • A surname index to genealogical periodicals and local history books in the Newberry Library was completed in 1915 and published as The Genealogical Index of the Newberry Library[16] Since this index is old, be sure to use the online guide sheet to this collection before using the source.

Other Major Genealogical Collections

The following repositories also have exceptional genealogical collections. These libraries collect major national sources as well as records of the states they serve. There is a page in this Wiki for each repository which includes contact information, a brief description of their collection, and list of alternative repositories with related collections.

Other Kinds of Repositories for Genealogists

Your local public library can help you locate these and other archives and libraries. Current directories include:

Previously published directories include:

  • American Library Directory. 53rd Edition. New Providence, New Jersey: R. R. Bowker, 2000-2001. (FHL 973 J54a 2000, 2 vol.) Alphabetical by state and town. Lists addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and describes each library's holdings and special interests.
    • 65th Edition being published May, 2013.
  • Bentley, Elizabeth Petty. The Genealogist's Address Book. Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. (FHL 973 D24ben 2005.) Includes national, state, ethnic, religious, historical, adoption, computer interest group, and vendor addresses with telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, supervisors, and repository hours.
  • The National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States. Second Edition. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1988. (FHL 973 J54u 1988; 1978 Edition on fiche 6010080-89.)

University Libraries with special collections

Most large universities have a special collections division in their library. Some of these repositories have extensive collections of local and state historical documents, including many individual record collections. Carefully search the university library catalog for references to the individuals you are researching. Access to the special collections may be very restricted, so check with the library about any restrictions before visiting.

Federal Depository Libraries

The federal government has designated at least one library in each state (generally a major university library) to receive a copy of published federal records. These include a wide variety of topics, such as pension lists, private land claims, veterans' burial lists, and individuals' petitions to Congress. For their locations see the Federal Depository Library Directory online.

State Archives and State Libraries

Each state has a state archive or a state library. Many states have both. These serve as the repositories for state and county government records. They often have some federal records as well, such as the U.S. census schedules for the state. A list of all of the state archives and libraries is kept up to date on the webpage for the Council of State Archivists website. Another comprehensive list of state archives and their websites is available from the Georgia Secretary of State's website for anyone wanting to find a specific state archive.

Also see each state's Archives and Libraries wiki article (links below) for more information on these and other archives in each state.

Archives and Libraries in each State

Territories and Federal District

County and Town Courthouses

Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county and town courthouses are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.

The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. Each county's Wiki article provides further information on how to obtain these records.

Easy-to-use sources that list the various county offices in each state and the types of records at each office are:

  • Bentley, Elizabeth Petty.County Courthouse Book. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. (FHL 973 D24bena) (Worldcat)
  • The Handy Book for Genealogists: United States of America. Tenth edition. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishing, 2006. (FHL 973 D27e) (Worldcat) The Handy Book also lists the county seat and zip code.

Historical and Genealogical Societies

Historical and genealogical societies have been organized in each state, most counties, and some towns. These societies collect many valuable records and offer various helpful services to researchers. Addresses of local societies are listed in:

  • Carson, Dina C., Directory of Genealogical and Historical Libraries, Archives and Collections in the US and Canada. Niwot, Colorado: Iron Gate Pub., 1002. (Worldcat)
  • Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada. 15th Edition. Nashville, Tennessee: American Association for State and Local History, 2001. (FHL 970 H24d) (Worldcat)

Inventories, Registers, and Catalogs

Most archives have catalogs, inventories, guides, or periodicals that describe their records and how to use them. If possible, study these guides before you visit an archive so that you can use your time more effectively. Many of these are available at the Family History Library, at your public or university library, or through interlibrary loan.

An example of a helpful guide is:

  • Schaefer, Christina K. The Center: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996. (FHL 975.3 A3sc) (Worldcat) This describes the records and services of the National Archives, Library of Congress, Daughters of the American Revolution Library, and other repositories in the Washington, DC area.

Archive Finder ($) is a current directory which describes over 220,000 collections of primary source material housed in thousands of repositories across the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland.

References

  1. Information for Researchers at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC in National Archives (accessed 31 December 2013).
  2. 2.0 2.1 William Dollarhide and Ronald A. Bremer. America's Best Genealogy Resource Centers (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1998), 2. WorldCat 39493985; FHL Ref Book 973 J54d.
  3. Dollarhide and Bremer, 134.
  4. National Archives at St. Louis in National Archives (accessed 18 March 2014).
  5. Dollarhide and Bremer, 43.
  6. About the Library in DAR Daughters of the American Revolution (accessed 8 February 2010).
  7. Dollarhide and Bremer, 1.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Contact Information in The Library of Congress [Internet site] (accessed 12 May 2010).
  9. The Collections in Local History and Genealogy Reference Services in Library of Congress (accessed 2 February 2014).
  10. Dollarhide and Bremer, 29.
  11. About the Midwest Genealogy Center at Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogical Center (accessed 5 May 2010).
  12. Dollarhide and Bremer, 5, 57, and 59.
  13. Irma and Paul Milstein Division of U.S. History, Local History and Genealogy in New York Public Library (accessed 16 October 2010).
  14. Genealogy and Local History in The Newberry (accessed 27 February 2015).
  15. Dollarhide and Bremer, 39.
  16. The Genealogical Index of the Newberry Library. Boston, Massachusetts: G.K. Hall, 1960. WorldCat 83367401 FHL films 928135–928137 and FHL book 973 D22n vols. 1–4