United States Border Crossings from Canada to United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States Border Crossings from Canada to United States, 1895-1956 .
This database contains an index of aliens and citizens crossing into the United States from Canada through various ports of entry along the U.S.-Canadian border between 1895 and 1956.
These records are generally reliable depending on the information provided by the individual. Transcription and other errors can be found on occasion. Because a variety of forms were used to gather an individual’s information, not all of the records contain the same types of information.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "United States, Border Crossings From Canada to United States, 1895-1956." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895-1954." Ancestry.com. www.ancestry.com : 2010.
A variety of Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) forms were used to record information about individuals entering the United States. Types of forms used included: Primary Inspection Memorandum; Manifest; Record of Registry; and Land Border Departure Record. Due to the variety of forms, the amount of information available for an individual in this database will vary according to the form used and the questions asked on it.
The database generally includes the following:
- Date of birth
- Birth country
- Race or ethnicity
- Ship name
- Departure contact
- Arrival contact
In many cases, the index cards are the only record of the crossing.
- Ancestry.com has indexes with image links to the index cards. A study was not done at this time to determine if all four sets of indexes are included in this collection.
- Online index is also available at Border Crossings from Canada to United States, 1895-1956 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- The Family History Library has on microfilm all four sets of indexes of the records:
| Soundex Index to Canadian Border Entries through the St. Albans, Vermont, District, 1895-1924
missing Roll 218)
|| Soundex name index to entries at ports along the border and Great Lakes. Includes—|
• ALL manifest lists from 1895-1917.
• After June 1917, includes only arrivals east of North Dakota-Montana state line. Anyone entering west of this state line after 1917 was filed in Seattle.
• 1915 to 1924 indexes cover ports east of Buffalo, New York only.
In most cases, an original manifest exists. Some index cards are the only record of crossing, with no original manifest.
| Alphabetical Index to Canadian Border Entries through Small Ports in Vermont, 1895-1924
|| Arranged alphabetically by ports of entry, all in Vermont.|
Especially useful for identifying Canadians who settled in the New England area.
| Soundex Index to Entries into the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1924-1952
|| Includes border crossings in New York and Vermont area.|
| Manifests of Passengers Arriving in the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1895-1954
| Manifests indexed by the above Soundex indexes.|
These forms were completed when the immigrant entered the U.S. through a border port station. Most European immigrants will be found in these lists.
| Manifests of Passengers Arriving in the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific Ports, 1929-1949
| Supplement to the above manifests.|
These manifests list travelers to the United States from Canadian Pacific seaports only.
| Card Manifests (Alphabetical) of Individuals Entering through the Port of Detroit, Michigan, 1906-1954
| Original card manifests, arranged alphabetically, for Michigan ports of entry only: Bay City, Detroit, Port Huron, Sault Sainte Marie. (117 rolls)|
An additional 23 rolls Include passenger and alien crew lists of vessels arriving in Detroit, 1946 to 1957.
How to Use the Record
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