Difference between revisions of "United States Census, 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Replaced citation example)
(Corrected Heading)
 
(52 intermediate revisions by 28 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Record_Search_article
+
''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
|CID=CID1803955
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
|title=United States Census, 1820
+
| CID=CID1803955  
|location=United States}}<br>
+
| title=United States Census, 1820  
 +
| location=United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Census Population Schedules
 +
| record_group_nr = 29
 +
| record_group_title = [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/029.html Records of the Bureau of the Census]
 +
| start_year = 1820
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M33
 +
| micro_pub_title = Fourth census of the United States, 1820
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 142 
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Alphabetical by state, by county, by city, township.
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2353535 2353535]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[United States Census 1820|United States Census 1820]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =
 +
| FS_URL_03 =
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2353535?q=1820%20census NARA Collection Description M33]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html NARA Clues in Census Records,1790-1840]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.censusfinder.com/1820-census.htm 1820 Census Questions]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/charts-forms/ Federal Census Forms]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
 
  
The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States in 1820. This was the fourth national census conducted since 1790. No schedules are known to exist for New Jersey. Index provided by Ancestry.com.
 
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
== What Is in the Collection? ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
+
The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States taken August 7, 1820. The schedules are from NARA microfilm publication M33 Fourth census of the United States,1820 and is from Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. No schedules are known to exist for New Jersey. Index provided by Ancestry.com.  
  
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1820." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "1820 United States Federal Census." <i>Ancestry.com</i>. www.ancestry.com : 2010.}}
+
===To Browse This Collection===
  
[[United States Census Population Schedules 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1803955
 +
|title=United States Census, 1820
 +
|}}
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
 
Image:1820 United States Census.jpg|1820 United States Census
 
Image:1820 United States Census.jpg|1820 United States Census
</gallery>  
+
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
  
 
The 1820 census includes the following information:  
 
The 1820 census includes the following information:  
Line 32: Line 77:
 
*Number of free white males and females over the age of 45
 
*Number of free white males and females over the age of 45
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
 
To begin your search it would be helpful to know:  
 
To begin your search it would be helpful to know:  
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The approximate age of your ancestor.
 +
*The state where your ancestor lived.
  
*Your ancestor's name
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1803955?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.
*Some other identifying information such as where they lived or their age.
 
 
 
==== Search the Collection  ====
 
  
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1803955/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>
 +
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>
 +
⇒ Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br>
 +
⇒ Select the "State" category<br>
 +
⇒ Select the "County" category<br>
 +
⇒ Select the "Township" category which takes you to the images.<br>
 +
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
  
You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
+
Keep in mind:  
  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
Line 51: Line 102:
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
Note: The phrase "Not Stated" indicates the information wasn't present in the census.  
  
==== Using the Information  ====
 
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1803955 United States Census, 1820]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
 +
 
 +
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.  
 +
 
 +
=== I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
  
 
*Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.  
 
*Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.  
 
*Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
 
*Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
 +
*Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives.
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 +
*You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
 +
*Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
  
*You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. Be aware that spellings of names may change from record to record.  
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.  
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
+
*Search the indexes and records of nearby localities.  
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know into family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
+
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.  
+
*There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
  
==== General Information About These Records  ====
+
=== General Information About These Records  ===
  
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.  
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.  
Line 78: Line 137:
 
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.  
 
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.  
  
{{USCensus}}  
+
{{USCensus}}
 +
 
 +
== Known Issues With This Collection  ==
  
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-1820-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census, 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-1820-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
== Related Websites  ==
 
  
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1820-census.htm 1820 Census Questions]
+
==Citing This Collection==
*[http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1820." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M33. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.}}
  
[[United States Census 1820|United States Census 1820]]
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1803955
 +
|title=United States Census, 1820
 +
}}
 +
'''Image Citation'''<br>
 +
{{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1803955
 +
|title=United States Census, 1820
 +
}}<br>
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
  
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box:
+
[[Category:United_States_Census FamilySearch Historical Records]]
[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1803955/waypoints United States Census, 1820]
+
[[Category:NARA_Census]]

Latest revision as of 21:37, 22 June 2017

United States

Access the Records
United States Census, 1820 .
CID1803955
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Census Population Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census
Collection years 1820
Microfilm Publication M33. Fourth census of the United States, 1820. 142 rolls.
Arrangement Alphabetical by state, by county, by city, township.
National Archives Identifier 2353535
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What Is in the Collection?

The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States taken August 7, 1820. The schedules are from NARA microfilm publication M33 Fourth census of the United States,1820 and is from Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. No schedules are known to exist for New Jersey. Index provided by Ancestry.com.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1820.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The 1820 census includes the following information:

  • Township, county and state where census was taken
  • Name of head of household
  • Number of free white males and females under age 10
  • Number of free white males and females between ages 10-16
  • Number of free white males and females between ages 16-26
  • Number of free white males and females between ages 26-45
  • Number of free white males and females over the age of 45

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it would be helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate age of your ancestor.
  • The state where your ancestor lived.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒ Select the "State" category
⇒ Select the "County" category
⇒ Select the "Township" category which takes you to the images.
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Note: The phrase "Not Stated" indicates the information wasn't present in the census.


What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.

I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.
  • Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
  • Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby localities.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.

General Information About These Records

Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.


Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States Census, 1820." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M33. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1820.

Image Citation

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1820.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.