Difference between revisions of "United States Census, 1920 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Entered citation)
m (Nara category)
 
(58 intermediate revisions by 28 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1488411 |title=United States Census, 1920|location=United States}}<br>
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1488411
 +
| title=United States Census, 1920  
 +
| location= United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Census Population Schedules
 +
| record_group_nr = 29
 +
| record_group_title = Records of the Bureau of the census, 1790-2007
 +
| start_year = 1920
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = T626
 +
| micro_pub_title = Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 2076
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Alphabetically by state, by county, and enumeration district
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2353589 2353589]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2329948?collectionNameFilter=true Enumeration District Maps, 1900-1940]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Census 1920]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/publications-microfilm-catalogs-census/1920/part-01.html NARA 1920 Federal Population Censuses]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1920-census.pdf NARA 1920 Census Form]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html NARA Clues in Census Records,1850-1940]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.censusfinder.com/1920-census.htm 1920 Census Findings]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
 
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 
  
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.&nbsp;The 1920 census covers 95-97% of the population.&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1920.  
+
Index to the population schedules from National Archive microfilm publication T625, Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. The collection is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. The census will identify the place of residence on January 1, 1920 for each person counted. The collection is arranged alphabetically by state, then by county, and by enumeration district (ED). Enumeration districts may not always be arranged in numerical order within each state. The index was created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.
  
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.&nbsp;
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1488411 |title=United States Census, 1920
 +
}}
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.
+
== Collection Content  ==
  
Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.&nbsp;
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:1920 United States Census.jpg|1920 United States Census
 +
</gallery>
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
Information in the 1920 census:  
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1920
 
." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.
 
 
 
 
text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1920 Census." NARA microfilm publication T625. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
 
 
 
[[United States Census Population Schedules 1920 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
Important genealogical information in the 1920 census:  
 
 
 
[[Image:1920 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
*State, county, township, town/city, precinct and enumeration district  
 
*State, county, township, town/city, precinct and enumeration district  
Line 53: Line 83:
 
*Occupation
 
*Occupation
  
== How to Use the Records ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
Search the Collection<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "DGS Film Number" category<br> which takes you to the images<br>
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:  
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
+
*Name
 +
*Other identifying information such as residence
  
Or
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
'''To search the collection by name:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
  
Begin your search by locating your ancestor in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.  
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "State" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Township" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.  
  
Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
 
  
For example:  
+
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
 +
 
 +
Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
+
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or military records.
 
 
 
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
  
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
+
== What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?  ==
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
*Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
 +
*Check for variant spellings of the names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Search neighboring localities or states.
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
+
==== General Information About These Records  ====
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
*Birth dates calculated from ages are often off by a year.
 
  
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
+
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules 1920 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
  
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1920-census.htm 1920 Census Findings]
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
*[http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
 
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
{{USCensus}}
  
*[[United States Census]]
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
*[[United States Census 1920]]
 
  
== Contributions To This Article  ==
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-1920-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-1920-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br>
  
"United States Census, 1920," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MLBX-6PY&nbsp;: accessed 11 April 2012), John T Elliot in household of Charles N Elliot (Ketchikan, First, Alaska).
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1920." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. NARA microfilm publication T625. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
 +
<br>
 +
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>
 +
{{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1488411 |title=United States Census, 1920
 +
}}
 +
'''Image Citation''':<br>
 +
{{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1488411
 +
|title=United States Census, 1920
 +
}}
  
[[Category:United_States|Census]]
+
[[Category:United_States_Census FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Census]]

Latest revision as of 16:06, 23 September 2016

Access the Records
United States Census, 1920 .
CID1488411
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Census Population Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the census, 1790-2007
Collection years 1920
Microfilm Publication T626. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. 2076 rolls.
Arrangement Alphabetically by state, by county, and enumeration district
National Archives Identifier 2353589
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in the Collection?

Index to the population schedules from National Archive microfilm publication T625, Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. The collection is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. The census will identify the place of residence on January 1, 1920 for each person counted. The collection is arranged alphabetically by state, then by county, and by enumeration district (ED). Enumeration districts may not always be arranged in numerical order within each state. The index was created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1920.

Collection Content

Information in the 1920 census:

  • State, county, township, town/city, precinct and enumeration district
  • Date census was taken (information given based on a 1 January 1920 date)
  • Street name and house number
  • Name of head of household
  • Names of all members of household
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Age (can be used to calculate the approximate birth year)
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed or divorced)
  • Immigrant or naturalized citizen
  • Date of naturalization
  • Whether attended school or not
  • Able to read and write?
  • Birthplace of each member
  • Language spoken
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace
  • Occupation

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • Name
  • Other identifying information such as residence

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "State"
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township"
⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.


As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Keep in mind:

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

  • Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  • Check for variant spellings of the names.
  • Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search neighboring localities or states.

General Information About These Records

Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States Census, 1920." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. NARA microfilm publication T625. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1920.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1920.