Difference between revisions of "United States Census, 1940 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
|CID=CID2000219  
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| CID=CID2000219
|title=United States Census, 1940
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| title=United States Census, 1940  
|location=United States}}<br>
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| location=United States
 
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| LOC_01 =
== Record Description  ==
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| LOC_02 =  
 
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| LOC_03 =  
The collection index of population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1940. This was the sixteenth census conducted since 1790. There were 134 million individuals enumerated this census year. The schedules cover the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The index is being created by FamilySearch, BrightSolid, and Inflection.
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| record_type = Census Population Schedules
 +
| record_group_nr = 29
 +
| record_group_title =Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007
 +
| start_year = 1940
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = T627
 +
| micro_pub_title = Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 4647
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Alphabetically by state, by county and enumeration district
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/16660414 16660414]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2329948?collectionNameFilter=true Enumeration District Maps, 1900-1940]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Census]]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Census 1940]]
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1940/general-info.html NARA 1940 Federal Census Population General Information]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1940/ NARA 1940 Census Records]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1940/finding-aids.html NARA 1940 Federal Population Census Indexes and Other Finding Aids]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1940/1940.pdf NARA 1940 Federal Census Form]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2012/winter/1940-census-revisited.pdf NARA The 1940 Census Revisited Article]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2010/winter/1940-census.html NARA New Questions in the 1940 Census Article]
 +
| RW_URL_07 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html NARA Clues in Census Records,1850-1940]
 +
| RW_URL_08 = [http://www.censusfinder.com/1940-census.htm 1940 Census Questions]
 +
| RW_URL_09 = [http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
 +
| RW_URL_10 = [http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 +
}}
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/2000219/waypoints Browse].
 
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
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== What is in the Collection?  ==
  
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1940 Census." NARA microfilm publication T627. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
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Index  to the population schedules of the Sixteenth Census of the United States,1940. The collection is part of Record Group 29, Records of the Bureau of the Census. The schedules cover the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The census will identify the place of residence on April 1, 1940 for each person counted. The index was created by FamilySearch, BrightSolid, and Inflection.  
  
[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1940 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2000219/waypoints Browse].
  
=== Record Content  ===
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== Collection Content  ==
  
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 
Image:US 1940 Census DGS 5248643 39.jpg|United States 1940 Census
 
Image:US 1940 Census DGS 5248643 39.jpg|United States 1940 Census
</gallery>
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</gallery>  
  
The 1940 census includes the following genealogical information:  
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The 1940 census includes the following information:  
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
Line 39: Line 78:
 
*Street address and house number
 
*Street address and house number
  
== How to Use the Record ==
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== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
 
To begin your search it is helpful to know:  
 
To begin your search it is helpful to know:  
Line 46: Line 85:
 
*State of residence
 
*State of residence
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
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=== Search the Collection  ===
  
To search the [https://familysearch.org/1940census%7CUnited States Census, 1940 collection] by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
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'''To search the collection by name:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
  
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page <br> ⇒Select the "State" <br> ⇒Select the "County" <br> ⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County" <br> ⇒Select the "Enumeration District" which takes you to the images  
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links: <br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page <br> ⇒Select the "State" <br> ⇒Select the "County" <br> ⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County" <br> ⇒Select the "Enumeration District" which takes you to the images  
  
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.  
+
Search the collection by image. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.  
  
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
 +
 
 +
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
 +
 
 +
Keep in mind:  
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
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For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
==== Using the Information ====
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== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
Line 75: Line 115:
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
+
== What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?  ==
 
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
 
 
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor====
 
  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Check for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.  
 
*Check for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.  
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
+
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
 +
*There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.
  
==== General Information About This Collection  ====
+
=== General Information About This Collection  ===
  
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was&nbsp;April 1 for the 1940 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1940 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.  
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was&nbsp;April 1 for the 1940 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1940 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.  
Line 101: Line 133:
 
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.  
 
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.  
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1940 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census, 1940 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
*[https://familysearch.org/1940census%7CUnited States Census, 1940]
 
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1940-census.htm 1940 Census Questions]
 
*[http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
 
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[United States Census]]
 
*[[United States Census 1940]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
==Citing this Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1940." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication T627. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}<br><br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID2000219
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
|title=United States Census, 1940
 
+
}}
{{Incomplete Citations}}  
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID2000219
'''Example of an Indexed Collection'''  
+
|title=United States Census, 1940
 
+
}}
“Delaware Marriage Records,” database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 4 March 2011), William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, 1890; citing Delaware, State Marriage Records, no. 859, Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.
 
 
 
'''Example of a Browsed Collection'''
 
 
 
“Argentina, Buenos Aires, Catholic Church Records, 1635-1981,” digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 28 February, 2012), La Plata &gt; San Ponciano &gt; Matrimonios 1884-1886 &gt; image 71 of 389, Artemio Avendano and Clemtina Peralta, 1884; citing Parroquia de San Ponciano en la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Matrimonios. Various dioceses throughout Buenos Aires.
 
  
[[Category:United_States|Census]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Census]]

Latest revision as of 16:09, 23 September 2016

Access the Records
United States Census, 1940 .
CID2000219
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Census Population Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007
Collection years 1940
Microfilm Publication T627. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. 4647 rolls.
Arrangement Alphabetically by state, by county and enumeration district
National Archives Identifier 16660414
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in the Collection?

Index to the population schedules of the Sixteenth Census of the United States,1940. The collection is part of Record Group 29, Records of the Bureau of the Census. The schedules cover the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The census will identify the place of residence on April 1, 1940 for each person counted. The index was created by FamilySearch, BrightSolid, and Inflection.

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Collection Content

The 1940 census includes the following information:

  • Full name
  • Race
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Relationship to the head of household (active military personnel in naval yards, army posts, etc. may use the term "Sailor" or list military rank rather than actual relationship to head of household)
  • Birthplace of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
  • Year immigrated to the United States
  • Whether a naturalized citizen
  • Occupation
  • Native language if foreign-born and whether can speak English
  • Whether a military veteran
  • Street address and house number

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • Name
  • State of residence

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State"
⇒Select the "County"
⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County"
⇒Select the "Enumeration District" which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Keep in mind:

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Check for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.

General Information About This Collection

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1940 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1940 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.

Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

The 1940 United States Census Population Schedules include: all states plus American Samoa and Guam, Consular Services, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States Census, 1940." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication T627. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1940.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1940.