Difference between revisions of "United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1420440 |title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850|location=United States}}<br>
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
 +
{{US NARA HR Infobox
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| CID=CID1420440  
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| title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850  
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| location=United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
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| record_type = Slave Schedules
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| record_group_nr = 29 
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| record_group_title = [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/029.html Records of the Bureau of the Census]
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| start_year = 1850
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| end_year =
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| micro_pub_nr = M432
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| micro_pub_title = Seventh Census of the United States, 1850
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| micro_pub_rolls =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
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| arrangement = Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/598246 598246]
 +
| language =
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| FS_URL_01 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1401638?collectionNameFilter=false 1850 Census]
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| FS_URL_02 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1420441?collectionNameFilter=false 1850 Mortality Schedules]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[United States|United States]]
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| FS_URL_04 = [[United States Census Slave Schedules]]
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1850-slave-schedules.pdf NARA 1850 Federal Census Slave Form]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/nonpopulation/ NARA Nonpopulation Census Records]
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| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What Is in the Collection? ==
  
The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:  
+
The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M432 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:  
  
*Alabama  
+
*Alabama, rolls 17-24
*Arkansas  
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*Arkansas, roll 32
*Delaware  
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*Delaware, roll 55
*District of Columbia  
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*District of Columbia, roll 57
*Florida  
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*Florida, roll 60
*Georgia  
+
*Georgia, rolls 88-96
*Kentucky  
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*Kentucky, rolls 223-228 
*Louisiana  
+
*Louisiana, rolls 242-247
*Maryland  
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*Maryland, rolls 300-302 
*Mississippi  
+
*Mississippi, rolls 383-390 
*Missouri  
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*Missouri, rolls 422-424
*North Carolina  
+
*North Carolina, rolls 650-656 
*South Carolina  
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*South Carolina, rolls 861-868 
*Tennessee  
+
*Tennessee, rolls 902-907 
*Texas  
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*Texas, rolls 917--918 
 
*Utah Territory  
 
*Utah Territory  
*Virginia
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*Virginia, rolls 983-993
  
 
Slave schedules are not available for other states.  
 
Slave schedules are not available for other states.  
Line 27: Line 71:
 
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
 
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse].
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===To Browse This Collection===
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1420440
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|title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850
 +
}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
== Collection Content  ==
 
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=== Sample Image ===
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.}}
 
 
 
[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
  
 
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|1850 Slave Schedule
 
Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|1850 Slave Schedule
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
 +
 +
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
  
 
Slave schedules include the following information:  
 
Slave schedules include the following information:  
Line 52: Line 96:
 
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
 
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
  
== How to Use the Records ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of the slave owner.
 +
*The age of the slave.
 +
*The state where the slave may have lived.
  
To search the collection image by image, ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page<br> ⇒Select the "State" category <br> ⇒Select the "County" which takes you to the images
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1420440?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in the slave owner's name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the "State" category <br> ⇒Select the "County" category <br> ⇒Select the "Township or other division of county" category, which takes you to the images
  
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
+
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
 +
 
 +
With either search keep in mind:  
  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
*You may not be sure of the slave owner’s name.
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1420440 United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 +
When you have located your possible ancestor on the slave schedule, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. The slave schedule could possibly provide clues to other records.
 +
=== I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
 +
*Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.
  
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.  
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now?  ===
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
== Known Issues With This Collection ==
  
[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]  
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-Slave-Schedule-1850-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=United-States-Census-Slave-Schedule-1850-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*[[United States|United States]]
 
*[[United States Census Slave Schedules]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
==Citing This Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850."Database with Images. ''FamilySearch''. http://FamilySearch.org&nbsp;: accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.}}<br><br>
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1420440
 +
|title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850
 +
}}
 +
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1420440
 +
|title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850
 +
}}
  
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ]
 
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
{{H-langs|en=United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|fr=Etats-Unis : Recensement et Relevé des Esclaves en 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)}}
 +
[[Category:United_States_Census FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Census]]

Latest revision as of 21:14, 22 June 2017

United States

Access the Records
United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 .
CID1420440
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Slave Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census
Collection years 1850
Microfilm Publication M432. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850.
Arrangement Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.
National Archives Identifier 598246
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What Is in the Collection?

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M432 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:

  • Alabama, rolls 17-24
  • Arkansas, roll 32
  • Delaware, roll 55
  • District of Columbia, roll 57
  • Florida, roll 60
  • Georgia, rolls 88-96
  • Kentucky, rolls 223-228
  • Louisiana, rolls 242-247
  • Maryland, rolls 300-302
  • Mississippi, rolls 383-390
  • Missouri, rolls 422-424
  • North Carolina, rolls 650-656
  • South Carolina, rolls 861-868
  • Tennessee, rolls 902-907
  • Texas, rolls 917--918
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia, rolls 983-993

Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

Slave schedules include the following information:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the slave owner.
  • The age of the slave.
  • The state where the slave may have lived.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the slave owner's name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Township or other division of county" category, which takes you to the images

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your possible ancestor on the slave schedule, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. The slave schedule could possibly provide clues to other records.

I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
  • Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850."Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.