Difference between revisions of "United States Census 1860"

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1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
 
1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
  
 
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Age<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Sex<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Color<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Occupation males over 15<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Value of real estate<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Value of personal estate<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Birthplace—state/terr./country<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Married during year<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''SLAVE SCHEDULES:<br>'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; # of slaves owned<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; # of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; NO NAME OF SLAVES<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Age, color, sex<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fugitive from state?<br>1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
  
1860—1 Jun 1860—5 months<br>1) Name<br>2) Age<br>3) Sex<br>4) Color<br>5) Occupation males over 15<br>6) Value of real estate<br>7) Value of personal estate<br>8) Birthplace—state/terr./country<br>9) Married during year<br>10) Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict<br>1860 Slave Schedule—same as 1850<br>
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== &nbsp;&nbsp;Value ==
  
&nbsp;  
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&nbsp; The 1850 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
  
<br>
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Includes free population/slave pop. &amp; mortality, agriculture, industry data<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Families by name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Birthplaces help w/immigration<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Ages given—go to vital records<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Real estate—land and tax records<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Probable relationships—be careful!<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Occupations/property value<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Possible remarriages/step relationships<br>1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
 
 
 
&nbsp;  
 
 
 
== &nbsp;Value  ==
 
 
 
&nbsp; The 1850 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
 
 
 
Purpose:<br> Includes free population/slave pop. &amp; mortality, agriculture, industry data<br>Families by name<br>Birthplaces help w/immigration<br>Ages given—go to vital records<br>Real estate—land and tax records<br>Probable relationships—be careful!<br>Occupations/property value<br>Possible remarriages/step relationships<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
 
 
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
*First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because they were taxed accordingly.)  
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1.&nbsp; First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;they&nbsp;were taxed accordingly.)<br>2.&nbsp; Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland, <br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Prussia&nbsp;Baden, etc.<br>3.&nbsp; Personal estate—first time<br>4.&nbsp; Total of 3 copies again<br>
*Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland, Prussia, Baden, etc..  
 
*Personal estate—first time<br>Total of 3 copies again<br>
 
  
&nbsp;
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== States Covered and Missing  ==
 
 
== &nbsp;States Covered and Missing  ==
 
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
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*Vermont  
 
*Vermont  
 
*Virginia (inc. West Virginia)  
 
*Virginia (inc. West Virginia)  
*Wisconsin<br>
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*Wisconsin
  
'''No states missing'''  
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'''No states missing'''
  
== &nbsp;<br>Territories  ==
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== Territories  ==
  
 
*Dakota (unorganized)  
 
*Dakota (unorganized)  
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*Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming)<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --> <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
 
*Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming)<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --> <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
  
&nbsp;  
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== &nbsp;Web Sites  ==
 
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
 
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
  
&nbsp;  
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== &nbsp;Bibliographic Citations  ==
 
 
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
 
  
 
&nbsp; 1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.) <br>
 
&nbsp; 1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.) <br>

Revision as of 18:22, 22 July 2008

 Additional information may be found on the United States Census Portal page.


Content

1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

                        Name
                        Age
                        Sex
                        Color
                        Occupation males over 15
                        Value of real estate
                        Value of personal estate
                        Birthplace—state/terr./country
                        Married during year
                        Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict
                SLAVE SCHEDULES:
                        Name of slave owner
                        # of slaves owned
                        # of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
                        NO NAME OF SLAVES
                        Age, color, sex
                        Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?
                        Fugitive from state?
1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

  Value

  The 1850 census can be used to:1

                        Includes free population/slave pop. & mortality, agriculture, industry data
                        Families by name
                        Birthplaces help w/immigration
                        Ages given—go to vital records
                        Real estate—land and tax records
                        Probable relationships—be careful!
                        Occupations/property value
                        Possible remarriages/step relationships
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

1.  First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because
     they were taxed accordingly.)
2.  Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland,
     Prussia Baden, etc.
3.  Personal estate—first time
4.  Total of 3 copies again

States Covered and Missing

  • Alabama
  •  Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  •  Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia (inc. West Virginia)
  • Wisconsin

No states missing

Territories

  • Dakota (unorganized)
  • Indian (non-Indians included with Arkansas)
  • Kansas (portions of Colorado)
  • Nebraska (inc. parts Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, North & South Dakota)
  • New Mexico Territory (inc. Arizona)
  • Utah (inc. Nevada, Colorado, Washington)
  • Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming)

 Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

 Bibliographic Citations

  1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)