United States Census 1900

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  1900 Census

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1900 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1900 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1900 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1900 federal censuses. A Soundex index for each state and for institutions is also available on microfilm.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.


The 1900 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1900, for thirty days or two weeks for populations of 10,000+. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
                        Relationship to head of household
                        Month and year of birth
                        Age at last birthday
                        Marital status
                        Number of years married
                        Total children born to mother
                        Number of children living
                        Birthplace of parents
                        Foreign born
                        Year of Immigration
                        Number of years in U.S.
                        Citizenship status of over 21
                        Read, write & speak English
                        Home owned or rented
                        Home was a farm
                        Home was mortgaged


The 1900 census can be used to:1
                        Locate individuals by Soundex
                        Month & year of birth—go to vital records
                       Great naturalization info
                       Great marriage/child info
                        Indian schedules at end of state instead of county
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Month & year of birth
  2. Number of years married
  3. Number of children born & living
  4. How long immigrant been in country & if naturalized
  5. Home/farm was owned/rented
  6. Property free or mortgaged
  7. Person Civil War Vet or widow of one
  8. A Soundex index is available for each state.
  9. Oklahoma census schedules and Soundex indexes are split between Oklahoma Territory to the northwest, and Indian Territory to the southeast.

Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory on 1900 census

States Covered and Missing

  • All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below

No States Missing


Web Sites

1900 United States Census—A free Internet census index and images to the 1900 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Sources of This Collection

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

How to Cite Your Sources

An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 12th census, 1900. United States Census, 1900. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Jennie Smith, Pike Township, Election District 2, Bradford, Pennsylvania, image number 00027.

Instructions for citing this source can be found at: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections