United States Census 1910
Indexes and Images
For an article about 1910 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the United States 1910 Census Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1910 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1910 federal censuses.
A Soundex index is also available on microfilm for each of the following selected states and cities: Alabama (cities separate), Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia (cities separate), Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana (cities separate), Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County separate), South Carolina, Tennessee (cities separate), Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming.
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.
1910 Census was taken beginning 15 April 1910, thirty days or two weeks for populations 5,000+.
The following information was recorded by the census taker:
- Relationship to head of household
- Color or race
- Age at last birthday
- Marital status
- Length of present marriage
- For mothers--# of children & # living
- Birthplace of parents
- If foreign born, year of immigration and citizenship status
- Language spoken
- Type of industry employed in
- Employer, employee or self-emp
- Number of weeks unemployed in 1909
- Read and write
- Attended daytime school since 1 Sep 1909
- Home rented or owned
- If owned, mortgage free?
- Home a house or farm?
- If Veteran of the Union or Confederate army or navy
- Blind in both eyes
- If deaf and dumb
- Indian schedule recorded tribe/band
1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf
The 1910 census can be used to:1
- Verify Civil War service
- Document ethnic origins
- Locate military/naval personnel in hospitals, ships, and stations & those stations in Philippines
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html
Unique Features and Problems
- Listed whether the individual was an employer, employee, or self-employed
- Included territories, military & naval personnel
- Indian schedules at the end of county population schedules
- Good naturalization information
- The quality of filming of the censuses was very poor. Many censuses are hard to read.
- The Soundex has many omissions (rate higher than other censuses) (need to check the actual census)
- Miracode and Soundex indexes are available for 21 states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia).
- Some cities and counties are indexed separately from the state in the 1910 Soundex and Miracode indexes:
|| Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery|
|| Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, Savannah|
|| New Orleans, Shreveport|
|| Philadelphia County|
|| Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville|
States and Territories Covered
- All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:
- Alaska (unorganized)
- American Samoa
- New Mexico
- Panama Canal Zone
- Puerto Rico
- No States Missing
Where to Find the Records
The 1910 Federal Census is available online.
- 1910 United States Federal Census (Ancestry) ($)
- United States Census, 1910 (FamilySearch) - index only
1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)