United States Census 1930
1930 Census was taken beginning 1 April 1930, [time frame?] (except Alaska, 1 Oct 1929)
The following information was recorded by the census taker:
- Age of person
- Age when record was made
- Birthplace of children
- Birthplace of parents
- Birthplace of spouse
- Head of household
- Home owned/rented & value
- Live on a farm
- Live on a farm
- Marital status, age at 1st
- Name of wife
- Names of children
- Names of neighbors
- Occupation and Industry
- Persons in Household
- Race or color
- Radio set?
- Relationship to head of family
- Veteran, which war?
- Year of immigration to U.S.
- Naturalized or alien
- Street, avenue or road
- Number of house
- Dwelling house in order of visitation
- Number of family in order of visitation
1790-2000 Information: U.S. Census Bureau, "Availability of Census Records About Individuals" in Fact Finder for the Nation at http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf (accessed 24 April 2010).
The 1930 census can be used to:1
- Identify military service - military records
- Identify date of immigration and naturalization dates
- If there were previous marriages / marriage dates
1850-1930 Search Tips: National Archives, "Clues in Census Records, 1850-1930" in The National Archives: Genealogists/Family Historians at http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html (accessed 24 April 2010).
Unique Features and Problems
- Date at top of each page Response to questions as of 1 Apr 1930
- Omit—children born between 1 Apr and enumeration
- Include—alive on 1 Apr 1930 but dead at enumeration
- Lists age at first marriage
- Lists if individual attended college
- Lists if the household owned a radio set
- Lists whether the individual was at work the day before the census was taken
- Lists if a veteran and which war or expedition
- Only twelve Southern states have a Soundex index: Alabama (Jefferson, Mobile, and Montgomery counties are separate), Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky (only counties of Bell, Floyd, Harlan, Kenton, Muhlenberg, Perry and Pike), Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia (only counties of Fayette, Harrison, Kanawha, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, and Raleigh). See Finding a Person in the 1930 Census (Even Without An Index).
- Enumerators instructed to spell out birthplaces for Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Russia, Turkey.
- No Separate Indian schedules. Reservations enumerated in general population schedules. In place of country of birth for father, the degree of Indian blood was listed, and for country of birth of mother, the tribe was listed.
- Servicemen in duty posts.
- Enumerations District (ED) numbering altered for 52 of the 56 states/territories. County assigned number based on alpha order. ED followed the county number: i.e. 1-1, 1-23, 5-2, 1-73
- American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, and the U.S. Virgin Islands did not use this system.
States Covered and Missing
- All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below
- No States Missing
<a href="Finding a Person in the 1930 Census (Even Without An Index)">Finding a Person in the 1930 Census (Even without an Index)</a> FamilySearch Wiki article
1850-1930 Search Tips: <a href="http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html">http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html </a>
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)