United States Census Agricultural Schedules
Additional information may be found on the United States Census Portal page.
1850 - 1880 and for thoses states that took an 1885 Census
An agricultural Schedule was made in 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 and for those states that took an 1885 census.
Although few are indexed, Agricultural Schedules are arranged in the same order as the Population Schedules (list of residents).
Information about all farms in the United States, including:
Name of the owner, agent, or manager
Number of acres and cash value of the farm
Crops and other items produced
Number and value of livestock, such as horses, milk cows and other cattle, sheep, and swine
Value of homemade manufactures
- They help identify the land holdings of your ancestors.
- the Population Schedule mentions the value of the land, while the Agricultural Schedule gives the agreage.
- It shows each farm in relation to the neighboring farms and their owners
- This is especially helpful when land and tax records are missing.
- Names of neighboring farmers help to distinguish between two people with the same name as you search existing land
and tax records.
- For African American research, the 1850 and 1860 Agricultural Schedules help identify white overseers, Black sharecroppers,
or track free Black men and their economic growth.