United States Census Church
Directories of churches, religious bodies, and religious organizations should also be consulted. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints took a census in the years of:
- 1847 (in Pottawatomie, Iowa as part of the 1847 Iowa state census of all residents)
- 1852, 1856 in Utah
- up to 1872 among the colonies in the Mormon Corridor
- 1914 - 1935, 1940, 1950, 1955, 1960 wherever church members resided
In many areas, where a church was established and supported by the government, it was the responsibility of the church to enumerate the population.
Churches served both a religious and a social role in many early communities. Many time, especially in remote areas, the proxmity of a church was more important than what its teachings were.
Content would vary. You might find:
- Head of household listed with domestic animals
- List of all in household, name, age, birth information, relationship
- List of ill, aged, infirm
- List of possessions such as wagons, guns
- Provide relevant information about an ancestor's family and community
- Can provide the earliest evidence of ethnic groups in a particular locale
- Can help clarify mortality figures
- Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.